391ºC at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:79337-40-9) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Tumor necrosis (TN) is associated with worse prognosis in several solid cancers. Whether TN predicts poor outcome in natural killer cell / T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is unclear. We investigated the clinical impact of TN on survival and other novel prognostic parameters in upper aero-digestive tract (UAT) NKTCL of 100 patients with limited stage. TN was significantly associated with poor performance status (p = 0.049), high Korean Prognostic Index score (p = 0.024), high C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (p = 0.003), higher maximum standard uptake value on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) (p = 0.008) and higher metabolic tumor volume (MTV) on PET/CT (p < 0.001). In univariate and multivariate analyses, progression-free survival and overall survival were independently associated with High MTV status (p = 0.001, p = 0.032), TN (p = 0.018, p = 0.009), local tumor invasiveness (p = 0.007, p = 0.035), complete resection (p = 0.020, p = 0.028) and regional lymph node involvement (p < 0.001, p < 0.001). TN and complete resection are concluded to be novel independent prognostic factors in patients with UAT NKTCL.
extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, tumor necrosis, complete resection, prognosis
Tumor necrosis and complete resection has significant impacts on survival in patients with limited-stage upper aerodigestive tract NK/T cell lymphoma
Moo-Kon Song,1 Joo-Seop Chung,2 Ho-Young Yhim,3 Sung-Nam Lim,4 Seong-Jang Kim,5 Yeon-Hee Han,6 Hye-Kyung Shim,7 Sung-Hoon Jung,8 Je-Jung Lee,8 and Deok-Hwan Yang8
2017 Oct 3;
In this article, a payment model is developed for a hospital system with both acute- and chronic-stay psychiatric patients. “Transition pricing” provides a balance between the incentives of an episode-based system and the necessity of per diem long-term payments. Payment is dependent on two new psychiatric resident classification systems for short- and long-term stays. Data on per diem cost of inpatient care, by day of stay, was computed from a sample of 2,968 patients from 100 psychiatric units in 51 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Centers. Using a 9-month cohort of all VA psychiatric discharges nationwide (79,337 with non-chronic stays), profits and losses were simulated.
A Comprehensive Payment Model for Short- and Long-Stay Psychiatric Patients
Brant E. Fries, Ph.D., Paul W. Durance, Ph.D., David R. Nerenz, Ph.D., and Marie L.F. Ashcraft, Ph.D.
Vesicomyid clams in deep-sea chemosynthetic ecosystems harbor sulfur-oxidizing bacteria in their gill epithelial cells. These symbionts, which are vertically transmitted, are species-specific and thought to have cospeciated with their hosts. However, recent studies indicate incongruent phylogenies between some vesicomyid clams and their symbionts, suggesting that symbionts are horizontally transmitted. To more precisely understand the evolution of vesicomyid clams and their symbionts, we compared the evolution of vesicomyid clams and their symbionts through phylogenetic analyses using multi-gene data sets. Many clades in the phylogenetic trees of 13 host species (Abyssogena mariana, Ab. phaseoliformis, Akebiconcha kawamurai, Calyptogena fausta, C. laubieri, C. magnifica, C. nautilei, C. pacifica, Isorropodon fossajaponicum, Phreagena kilmeri, Ph. okutanii, Ph. soyoae, and Pliocardia stearnsii) and their symbionts were well resolved. Six of the 13 host-symbiont pairs (C. fausta, C. magnifica, C. pacifica, Ph. kilmeri, Ph. okutanii, and Ph. soyoae, and their respective symbionts) showed topological congruence. However, the remaining seven pairs (Ak. kawamurai, Ab mariana, Ab. phaseoliformis, C. laubieri, C. nautilei, I. fossajaponicum, and Pl. stearnsii and their corresponding symbionts) showed incongruent topologies, which were supported by the approximately unbiased and Bayes factor tests. Coevolution analyses indicated that six pairs cospeciated, whereas host switching events occurred in the remaining seven pairs. Markedly, multiple host switching events may have occurred in the lineages from the common ancestral symbiont of C. pacifica and C. fausta. Our phylogenetic and coevolution analyses provide additional evidence for host switching during the evolution of vesicomyids.
cospeciation, endosymbiosis, host switching, phylogenetic tree, vertical transmission
Ancient Occasional Host Switching of Maternally Transmitted Bacterial Symbionts of Chemosynthetic Vesicomyid Clams
Genki Ozawa,1,2 Shigeru Shimamura,1 Yoshihiro Takaki,1 Kiyotaka Takishita,1 Tetsuro Ikuta,1 James P. Barry,3 Tadashi Maruyama,1 Katsunori Fujikura,1 and Takao Yoshidacorresponding author1,2