1-Hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy xanthone/1-hydroxyl-2,3,5-trimethoxyxanthone/1-Hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxyxanthone/Tovopyrifolin-C-3,5-di-O-methylether/9H-Xanthen-9-one,1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy/1-Hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy-9H-xanthen-9-one/1-Hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxyxanthon/1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy-xanthen-9-one/9H-Xanthen-9-one, 1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy-
513.5±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:22804-49-5) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
1-Hydroxy-2, 3, 5-trimethoxyxanthone (HM-1) is a xanthone isolated from Halenia elliptica, a Tibetan medicinal herb. HM-1 (0.33-42.1 microM) produced a concentration-dependent relaxation in rat coronary artery rings pre-contracted with 1 microM 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), with an EC(50) of 1.67+/-0.27 microM. Removal of the endothelium significantly affected the vasodilator potency of HM-1, resulting in 46% decrease in E(max) value. The endothelium-dependent effects of HM-1 was confirmed when its vasorelaxant effect was inhibited after addition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (100 microM) or the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1, 2, 4] oxadiazolo [4,3-alpha] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, 10 microM). Atropine (100 nM), flurbiprofen (10 microM), propranolol (100 microM), pyrilamine (10 microM), cimetidine (10 microM) and SQ22536 (100 microM) had no effect on the vasorelaxant activity of HM-1 indicated the non-involvement of other receptor/enzyme systems. In endothelium-denuded coronary artery rings, the vasorelaxant effect of HM-1 was unaffected by potassium channel blockers such as tetraethylammonium (10 mM), iberiotoxin (100 nM), barium chloride (100 microM) and 4-aminopyridine (1 mM). The involvement of Ca(2+) channel in 5-HT-primed artery ring preparations incubated with Ca(2+)-free buffer was confirmed when HM-1 (9.93 microM) partially abolished the CaCl(2)-induced vasoconstriction (87% inhibition in intact-endothelium artery rings; 50% inhibition in endothelium-denuded rings). In the KCl-primed preparations incubated with Ca(2+)-free buffer, HM-1 (9.93 microM) produced a 27.3% inhibition in endothelium-denuded rings. HM-1 (3.31-33.1 microM) had minimal relaxant effects (14.4%-20.3%) on the contractile response generated by 10 microM phorbol 12,13-diacetate (PDA) in Ca(2+)-free solutions, suggesting minimal effects on intracellular Ca(2+) mechanisms. These findings suggest the vasodilator action of HM-1 involved both an endothelium-dependent mechanism involving NO and an endothelium-independent mechanism by inhibiting Ca(2+) influx through L-type voltage-operated Ca(2+) channels; a minor contribution to the effects of HM-1 may be related to inhibition of the protein kinase C-mediated release of intracellular Ca(2+) stores.
Mechanisms of the vasorelaxant effect of 1-hydroxy-2, 3, 5-trimethoxy-xanthone, isolated from a Tibetan herb, Halenia elliptica, on rat coronary artery.
Wang Y1, Shi JG, Wang MZ, Che CT, Yeung JH.
2007 Sep 1
Polygala paniculata L. yielded the xanthones 1-hydroxy-5-methoxy-2,3-methylenedioxyxanthone (1) and 1,5-dihydroxy-2,3-dimethoxyxanthone (2), together with coumarin murragatin and flavonol rutin. Their structures were established by chemical and spectroscopic methods (EIMS, IR, 1H and 13C NMR, NOE difference spectroscopy). By posterior analysis of an apolar crude extract using high resolution gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (HRGC-MS) it was possible to characterize two sterol (spinasterol and delta25-spinasterol) and the minor 1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxyxanthone (3). Thus, the xanthone 3 was confirmed through of co-injection HRGC-MS of the respective extract with a certified standard obtained by methylation of 2 with diazomethane.
Two xanthones from Polygala paniculata and confirmation of the 1-hydroxy-2,3,5-trimethoxy-xanthone at trace level by HRGC-MS
Cristiano R1, Pizzolatti MG, Delle Monache F, Rezende CM, Branco A