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2-Methoxycinnamic acid

$52

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BD-P0651

  • Specification : 98.0%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 6099-03-2

  • PUBCHEM ID : 734154

  • Volume : 100mg

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Catalogue Number

BD-P0651

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98.0%(HPLC)

Storage

2-8°C

Molecular Weight

Appearance

White crystalline powder

Botanical Source

Cinnamomum tamala (Bauch.-Ham.) Nees et Eberm

Structure Type

Simple Phenylpropanoids

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

COC1=CC=CC=C1C=CC(=O)O

Synonyms

O-METHOXYCINNAMIC ACID/2-Methoxycinnamic acid/2-Methoxyciamic acid/2-MeOC6H4CH=CHCOOH/RARECHEM BK HC T255/Cinnamic acid,o-methoxy/2-methoxy cinnamic acid/trans-ortho-methoxy-cinnamic acid/(2E)-3-(2-Methoxyphenyl)acrylic acid/o-methoxy cinnamic acid/2-Propenoic acid, 3-(2-methoxyphenyl)-, (2E)-/METHOXYCINNAMIC ACID,2/TRANS-2-METHOXYCINNAMIC ACID

IUPAC Name

(E)-3-(2-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-enoic acid

Applications

2-Methoxycinnamic acid is a noncompetitive inhibitor of tyrosinase[1].

Density

1.2±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Flash Point

130.3±14.4 °C

Boiling Point

325.1±17.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

182-186 °C

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2918990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:6099-03-2) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.

PMID

28337465

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that electronic cigarette (e-cig) flavors can be harmful to lung tissue by imposing oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. The potential inflammatory response by lung epithelial cells and fibroblasts exposed to e-cig flavoring chemicals in addition to other risk-anticipated flavor enhancers inhaled by e-cig users is not known. The goal of this study was to evaluate the release of the proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin-8 [IL-8]) and epithelial barrier function in response to different e-cig flavoring chemicals identified in various e-cig e-liquid flavorings and vapors by chemical characterization using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Flavorings, such as acetoin (butter), diacetyl, pentanedione, maltol (malt), ortho-vanillin (vanilla), coumarin, and cinnamaldehyde in comparison with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), were used in this study. Human bronchial epithelial cells (Beas2B), human mucoepidermoid carcinoma epithelial cells (H292), and human lung fibroblasts (HFL-1) were treated with each flavoring chemical for 24 hours. The cells and conditioned media were then collected and analyzed for toxicity (viability %), lung epithelial barrier function, and proinflammatory cytokine IL-8 release. Cell viability was not significantly affected by any of the flavoring chemicals tested at a concentration of 10 μM to 1 mM. Acetoin and diacetyl treatment induced IL-8 release in Beas2B cells. Acetoin- and pentanedione-treated HFL-1 cells produced a differential, but significant response for IL-8 release compared to controls and TNFα. Flavorings, such as ortho-vanillin and maltol, induced IL-8 release in Beas2B cells, but not in H292 cells. Of all the flavoring chemicals tested, acetoin and maltol were more potent inducers of IL-8 release than TNFα in Beas2B and HFL-1 cells. Flavoring chemicals rapidly impaired epithelial barrier function in human bronchial epithelial cells (16-HBE) as measured by electric cell surface impedance sensing. Our findings suggest that some of the e-cig liquids/aerosols containing flavoring chemicals can cause significant loss of epithelial barrier function and proinflammatory response in lung cells.

KEYWORDS

barrier function, diacetyl, electronic cigarettes, flavors, inflammation, interleukin-8

Title

Inflammatory Response and Barrier Dysfunction by Different e-Cigarette Flavoring Chemicals Identified by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in e-Liquids and e-Vapors on Human Lung Epithelial Cells and Fibroblasts

Author

Janice Gerloff,1,* Isaac K. Sundar,1,* Robert Freter,1 Emily R. Sekera,2 Alan E. Friedman,2 Risa Robinson,3 Todd Pagano,4 and Irfan Rahmancorresponding author1

Publish date

2017 Mar 1;