3-(1,3-benzothiazol-2-ylsulfanyl)propanoic acid/3-(2-BENZOTHIAZOLYLTHIO)-PROPIONIC ACID
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provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:4767-00-4) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are key regulators of multiple biological processes by altering gene expression at various levels. Apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells (VECs) is closely linked to numerous cardiovascular diseases, such as arteriosclerosis, thrombus formation and plaque erosion. However, studies on lncRNAs in the cardiovascular system are just beginning. And thus far, no anti-apoptosis lncRNAs have been identified in VECs. Here, we focused on the anti-apoptosis roles of lncRNAs in the serum and FGF-2 starvation-induced apoptosis of VECs. Using microarray analysis, we found a novel lncRNA LOC100129973 which acted as an apoptosis inhibitor in VECs. Through sponging miR-4707-5p and miR-4767, lncRNA LOC100129973 upregulated the expression of two apoptosis repressors gene, Apoptosis Inhibitor 5 (API5) and BCL2 like 12 (BCL2L12), and thus alleviated the serum and FGF-2 starvation-induced apoptosis in VECs. This evidence suggests that lncRNA LOC100129973 is an attractive target to improve endothelial function and for therapy of apoptosis related cardiovascular diseases.
Long Noncoding RNA LOC100129973 Suppresses Apoptosis by Targeting miR-4707-5p and miR-4767 in Vascular Endothelial Cells
Wei Lu,1 Shu Ya Huang,1 Le Su,1 Bao Xiang Zhao,a,2 and Jun Ying Miaob,1,3
The PHR1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a DNA photolyase that catalyzes the light-dependent repair of pyrimidine dimers. In the absence of photoreactivating light, this enzyme binds to pyrimidine dimers but is unable to repair them. We have assessed the effect of bound photolyase on the dark survival of yeast cells carrying mutations in genes that eliminate either nucleotide excision repair (RAD2) or mutagenic repair (RAD18). We found that a functional PHR1 gene enhanced dark survival in a rad18 background but failed to do so in a rad2 or rad2 rad18 background and therefore conclude that photolyase stimulates specifically nucleotide excision repair of dimers in S. cerevisiae. This effect is similar to the effect of Escherichia coli photolyase on excision repair in the bacterium. However, despite the functional and structural similarities between yeast photolyase and the E. coli enzyme and complementation of the photoreactivation deficiency of E. coli phr mutants by PHR1, yeast photolyase failed to enhance excision repair in the bacterium. Instead, Phr1 was found to be a potent inhibitor of dark repair in recA strains but had no effect in uvrA strains. The results of in vitro experiments indicate that inhibition of nucleotide excision repair results from competition between yeast photolyase and ABC excision nuclease for binding at pyrimidine dimers. In addition, the A and B subunits of the excision nuclease, when allowed to bind to dimers before photolyase, suppressed photoreactivation by Phr1. We propose that enhancement of nucleotide excision repair by photolyases is a general phenomenon and that photolyase should be considered an accessory protein in this pathway.
Interactions between yeast photolyase and nucleotide excision repair proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli.
G B Sancar and F W Smith
Most of the amino acid side chains of beef liver catalase were clearly identifiable in the 2.5 A resolution electron-density map, and the results are in good agreement with the sequence [Schroeder, W. A., Shelton, J. R., Shelton, J. B., Roberson, B. & Apell, G. (1969) Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 131, 653-655]. The tertiary structure of one subunit consists of a large antiparallel beta-pleated sheet domain with helical insertions, followed by a smaller domain containing four alpha-helices. The heme group is buried at least 20 A below the molecular surface and is accessible by a channel lined with hydrophobic residues. The proximal ligand is tyrosine-357, while histidine-74 and asparagine-147 re the important residues on the distal side of the heme. The inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole, which has been shown to covalently bond to histidine-74, can be built into the heme cavity with its N(2) atom coordinated to the heme iron.
Structure and heme environment of beef liver catalase at 2.5 A resolution.
T J Reid, 3rd, M R Murthy, A Sicignano, N Tanaka, W D Musick, and M G Rossmann