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3-Oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid


  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : AV-H25199

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 17990-42-0

  • Formula : C30H46O3

  • Molecular Weight : 454.69

  • PUBCHEM ID : 12313704

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method






Molecular Weight



Botanical Source

Hedyotis lawsonii and various other plants

Structure Type



Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API




oleanoic acid/3-oxooleana-12-en-28-oic acid/Olean-12-en-28-oic acid,3-oxo/oleanonic acid/3-oxo-oleanolic acid/3-Oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid/Olean-12-en-28-oic acid, 3-oxo-/3-keto oleanolic acid/3-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid


(4aS,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,12aR,14bS)-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-10-oxo-3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,11,12,13,14b-dodecahydro-1H-picene-4a-carboxylic acid


1.1±0.1 g/cm3



Flash Point

301.5±26.6 °C

Boiling Point

551.7±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point


InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:17990-42-0) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.




The measurement of soil total nitrogen (TN) by hyperspectral remote sensing provides an important tool for soil restoration programs in areas with subsided land caused by the extraction of natural resources. This study used the local correlation maximization-complementary superiority method (LCMCS) to establish TN prediction models by considering the relationship between spectral reflectance (measured by an ASD FieldSpec 3 spectroradiometer) and TN based on spectral reflectance curves of soil samples collected from subsided land which is determined by synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) technology. Based on the 1655 selected effective bands of the optimal spectrum (OSP) of the first derivate differential of reciprocal logarithm ([log{1/R}]′), (correlation coefficients, p < 0.01), the optimal model of LCMCS method was obtained to determine the final model, which produced lower prediction errors (root mean square error of validation [RMSEV] = 0.89, mean relative error of validation [MREV] = 5.93%) when compared with models built by the local correlation maximization (LCM), complementary superiority (CS) and partial least squares regression (PLS) methods. The predictive effect of LCMCS model was optional in Cangzhou, Renqiu and Fengfeng District. Results indicate that the LCMCS method has great potential to monitor TN in subsided lands caused by the extraction of natural resources including groundwater, oil and coal.


hyperspectral reflectance, ASD FieldSpec spectroradiometers, local correlation maximization-complementary superiority, soil total nitrogen, subsided land


Hyperspectral Analysis of Soil Total Nitrogen in Subsided Land Using the Local Correlation Maximization-Complementary Superiority (LCMCS) Method


Lixin Lin,1,2 Yunjia Wang,1,2,* Jiyao Teng,1,2 and Xiuxiu Xi1,2

Publish date

2015 Aug;




BAG3 gene mutations have been recently implicated as a novel cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of BAG3 mutations in Polish patients with DCM and to search for genotype-phenotype correlations.

We studied 90 unrelated probands by direct sequencing of BAG3 exons and splice sites. Large deletions/insertions were screened for by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).

We found 5 different mutations in 6 probands and a total of 21 mutations among their relatives: the known p.Glu455Lys mutation (2 families), 4 novel mutations: p.Gln353ArgfsX10 (c.1055delC), p.Gly379AlafsX45 (c.1135delG), p.Tyr451X (c.1353C>A) and a large deletion of 17,990 bp removing BAG3 exons 3-4. Analysis of mutation positive relatives of the probands from this study pooled with those previously reported showed higher DCM prevalence among those with missense vs. truncating mutations (OR = 8.33, P = 0.0058) as well as a difference in age at disease onset between the former and the latter in Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (P = 0.006). Clinical data from our study suggested that in BAG3 mutation carriers acute onset DCM with hemodynamic compromise may be triggered by infection.

BAG3 point mutations and large deletions are relatively frequent cause of DCM. Delayed DCM onset associated with truncating vs. non-truncating mutations may be important for genetic counseling.


BAG3, Mutation, Penetrance, Dilated cardiomyopathy, Inherited heart disease


The BAG3 gene variants in Polish patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: four novel mutations and a genotype-phenotype correlation


Maria Franaszczyk,1 Zofia T Bilinska,2 Małgorzata Sobieszcza?ska-Małek,3 Ewa Michalak,2 Justyna Sleszycka,4 Agnieszka Sioma,2 Łukasz A Małek,5 Dorota Kaczmarska,2 Ewa Walczak,6 Paweł Włodarski,7 Łukasz Hutnik,7 Blanka Milanowska,2 Zofia Dzielinska,8 Grzegorz Religa,9 Jacek Grzybowski,4 Tomasz Zieli?ski,3 and Rafal Ploskicorresponding author10

Publish date





Education-based inequalities in health are well established, but they are usually studied from an individual perspective. However, many individuals are part of a couple. We studied education-based health inequalities from the perspective of couples where indicators of health were measured by subjective health, anxiety and depression.

A sample of 35,980 women and men (17,990 couples) was derived from the Norwegian Nord-Trøndelag Health Study 1995-97 (HUNT 2). Educational data and family identification numbers were obtained from Statistics Norway. The dependent variables were subjective health (four-integer scale), anxiety (21-integer scale) and depression (21-integer scale), which were captured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The dependent variables were rescaled from 0 to 100 where 100 was the worst score. Cross-sectional analyses were performed using two-level linear random effect regression models.

The variance attributable to the couple level was 42% for education, 16% for subjective health, 19% for anxiety and 25% for depression. A one-year increase in education relative to that of one’s partner was associated with an improvement of 0.6 scale points (95% confidence interval = 0.5-0.8) in the subjective health score (within-couple coefficient). A one-year increase in a couple’s average education was associated with an improvement of 1.7 scale points (95% confidence interval = 1.6-1.8) in the subjective health score (between-couple coefficient). There were no education-based differences in the anxiety or depression scores when partners were compared, whereas there were substantial education-based differences between couples in all three outcome measures.

We found considerable clustering of education and health within couples, which highlighted the importance of the family environment. Our results support previous studies that report the mutual effects of spouses on education-based inequalities in health, suggesting that couples develop their socioeconomic position together.


Anxiety, Couples, Depression, Education, Family health, Multilevel analysis, Subjective health


Education-based health inequalities in 18,000 Norwegian couples: the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT)


Sara Marie Nilsen,corresponding author1,2,7 Johan Hakon Bjørngaard,1,3 Linda Ernstsen,4 Steinar Krokstad,5,6 and Steinar Westin1

Publish date


Description :

Oleanolic acid is a triterpenoid, inhibits infection by HIV-1 in in vitro infected PBMC, naturally infected PBMC and monocyte/macrophages with EC50 of 22.7 mM, 24.6 mM and 57.4 mM, respectively. Besides,it has IC50 of 17μM for the production of leukotriene B4 from rat peritoneal leukocytes.IC50:17μM(The production of leukotriene B4 from rat peritoneal leukocytes)[1]IC50:22.7 mM, 24.6 mM and 57.4 mM(in vitro infected PBMC, naturally infected PBMC and monocyte/macrophages by HIV-1, respectively.[2]In vitro: The highest of the four tested doses (100 μM), showed only a slight inhibition approximately, 30%. In contrast, the more powerful effect of oleanonic acid in this system, suggests that it acts through a mechanism related to the inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase, either directly or interfering with some of the mechanisms that participate in the complex activation of this enzyme. Oleanonic acid also acts by reducing prostaglandin synthesis.[1]Oleanolic acid inhibits the HIV-1 replication in all the cellular systems used (EC50 values: 22.7 microM, 24.6 microM and 57.4 microM for in vitro infected PBMC, naturally infected PBMC and M/M, respectively). As regards the mechanism of action, oleanolic acid inhibits in vitro the HIV-1 protease activity.[2]In vivo: Oleanonic acid exerted no activity on the oedema induced by application of ethyl phenylpropiolate after a pre-treatment of 16 h. In the TPA ear oedema test, it showed a non-significant 28% inhibition. However, when assayed on the ear oedema induced by DPP, oleanonic acid reduced the swelling by 40%, an effect similar to that of the standard carbamazepine. In the mouse model of delayed hypersensitivity induced by dinitrofluorobenzene, oleanonic acid was ineffective at both 24 and 96 h, while oleanolic acid reduced non-significantly the oedema at 96 h by 32%.In the TPA model of chronic inflammation induced by multiple applications, oleanonic acid showed a significant effect, with 45% inhibition. In contrast, oleanolic acid was inactive. Both inhibited the neutrophil infiltration measured as myeloperoxidase activity by 84% and 67%, respectively. The inhibition observed for dexamethasone on the swelling and myeloperoxidase activity was around 90%. The histological study of ears treated only with repeated doses of TPA showed an extensive diffusive inflammatory lesion with microabscesses affecting dermis and epidermis. The main infiltrating cells in the skin were neutrophils and epithelial thickness was 6.6±1.0 cells. In the tissues treated only with the solvent acetone, epithelial thickness was 2.1±0.5 and no signs of lesion or leukocyte infiltration were detectable. The multidose treatment with oleanonic acid reduced both the intensity and extension of the damage produced by TPA, as this was localized in the dermis, where the main infiltrating cells were lymphocytes, and where fibrosis was observed. In this case, epithelium thickness was 4.4±0.7 cells. The ears treated with dexamethasone showed minimal inflammatory lesions and sometimes none at all, and the epithelium thickness was 4.3±0.7 cells.The paw oedema induced by bradykinin was significantly reduced (61%) by oleanonic acid, whereas isoprenaline had a slightly lower effect (52%). Both oleanolic and oleanonic acid also reduced the paw oedema induced by phospholipase A2; the latter showing its strongest effect at 60 min, with an 84% inhibition, and maintaining activity at 90 min. Oleanolic acid also had its maximum effect at 60 min, vanishing at 90 min, while the activity of cyproheptadine was uniform along the experiment, ranging 80-90% inhibition .[1]