HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:3094-09-5) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Cancer theranostics holds potential promise for precision medicine; however, most existing theranostic nanoagents are simply developed by doping both therapeutic agents and imaging agent into one particle entity, and thus have an “always-on” pharmaceutical effect and imaging signals regardless of their in vivo location. Herein, the development of an organic afterglow protheranostic nanoassembly (APtN) that specifically activates both the pharmaceutical effect and diagnostic signals in response to a tumor-associated chemical mediator (hydrogen peroxide, H2 O2 ) is reported. APtN comprises an amphiphilic macromolecule and a near-infrared (NIR) dye acting as the H2 O2 -responsive afterglow prodrug and the afterglow initiator, respectively. Such a molecular architecture allows APtN to passively target tumors in living mice, specifically release the anticancer drug in the tumor, and spontaneously generate the uncaged afterglow substrate. Upon NIR light preirradiation, the afterglow initiator generates singlet oxygen to react and subsequently transform the uncaged afterglow substrate into an active self-luminescent form. Thus, the intensity of generated afterglow luminescence is correlated with the drug release status, permitting real-time in vivo monitoring of prodrug activation. This study proposes a background-free design strategy toward activatable cancer theranostics.
© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
activatable probes; cancer theranostics; optical imaging; organic nanoparticles
An Organic Afterglow Protheranostic Nanoassembly.
He S, Xie C, Jiang Y, Pu K.
Several retrospective studies have shown that the antitumor efficacy of capecitabine-containing chemotherapy decreases when co-administered with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Although a reduction in capecitabine absorption by PPIs was proposed as the underlying mechanism, the effects of PPIs on capecitabine pharmacokinetics remain unclear. We prospectively examined the effects of rabeprazole on the pharmacokinetics of capecitabine and its metabolites.
We enrolled patients administered adjuvant capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (CapeOX) for postoperative colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and metastatic CRC patients receiving CapeOX with/without bevacizumab. Patients receiving a PPI before registration were allocated to the rabeprazole group, and the PPI was changed to rabeprazole (20 mg/day) at least 1 week before the initiation of capecitabine treatment. On day 1, oral capecitabine (1000 mg/m2) was administered 1 h after rabeprazole intake. Oxaliplatin (and bevacizumab) administration on day 1 was shifted to day 2 for pharmacokinetic analysis of the first capecitabine dose. Plasma concentrations of capecitabine, 5′-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine, 5′-deoxy-5-fluorouridine, and 5-fluorouracil were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Effects of rabeprazole on inhibition of cell proliferation by each capecitabine metabolite were examined with colon cancer cells (COLO205 and HCT116).
Five and 9 patients enrolled between September 2017 and July 2018 were allocated to rabeprazole and control groups, respectively. No significant effects of rabeprazole on area under the plasma concentration-time curve divided by capecitabine dose for capecitabine and its three metabolites were observed. Rabeprazole did not affect the proliferation inhibition of colon cancer cells by the respective capecitabine metabolites.
Rabeprazole does not affect capecitabine pharmacokinetics.
Capecitabine; Capecitabine metabolites; Colorectal cancer; Pharmacokinetics; Proton pump inhibitor; Rabeprazole
Rabeprazole intake does not affect systemic exposure to capecitabine and its metabolites, 5'-deoxy-5-fluorocytidine, 5'-deoxy-5-fluorouridine, and 5-fluorouracil.
Sekido M, Fujita KI, Kubota Y, Ishida H, Takahashi T, Ohkuma
Tumor suppressor genes play critical roles orchestrating anti-cancer programs that are both context dependent and mechanistically diverse. Beyond canonical tumor suppressive programs that control cell division, cell death, and genome stability, unexpected tumor suppressor gene activities that regulate metabolism, immune surveillance, the epigenetic landscape, and others have recently emerged. This diversity underscores the important roles these genes play in maintaining cellular homeostasis to suppress cancer initiation and progression, but also highlights a tremendous challenge in discerning precise context-specific programs of tumor suppression controlled by a given tumor suppressor. Fortunately, the rapid sophistication of genetically engineered mouse models of cancer has begun to shed light on these context-dependent tumor suppressor activities. By using techniques that not only toggle “off” tumor suppressor genes in nascent tumors, but also facilitate the timely restoration of gene function “back-on again” in disease specific contexts, precise mechanisms of tumor suppression can be revealed in an unbiased manner. This review discusses the development and implementation of genetic systems designed to toggle tumor suppressor genes off and back-on again and their potential to uncover the tumor suppressor’s tale.
Off and back-on again: a tumor suppressor's tale.
Acosta J, Wang W, Feldser DM.