3-O-Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid/Urs-12-en-24-oic acid, 3-(acetyloxy)-11-oxo-, (3α)-/(3α)-3-Acetoxy-11-oxours-12-en-24-oic acid/(3α)-3-(acetyloxy)-11-oxours-12-en-24-oic acid/3-Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic Acid/AKBA
Acetyl-11-Keto-β-Boswellic Acid (AKBA) is an active triterpenoid compound from the extract of Boswellia serrate; a novel Nrf2 activator.IC50 value:Target: Nrf2 activatorin vitro: AKBA significantly reduced infarct volumes and apoptotic cells, and also increased neurologic scores by elevating the Nrf2 and HO-1 expression in brain tissues in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats at 48 hours post reperfusion. In primary cultured neurons, AKBA increased the Nrf2 and HO-1 expression, which provided protection against OGD-induced oxidative insult. Additionally, AKBA treatment increased Nrf2 binding activity to antioxidant-response elements (ARE) . AKBA significantly inhibited human colon adenocarcinoma growth, showing arrest of the cell cycle in G1-phase and induction of apoptosis. AKBA triggered significant lipolysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes as shown by reduced neutral lipids in cytosol and increased free fatty acids in culture medium. Increased lipolysis by AKBA was accompanied by up-regulation of lipolytic enzymes, adipocyte triglyceride lipase (ATGL) and hormone sensitive lipase (HSL), and a decreased expression of lipid droplet stability regulator perilipin. In addition, AKBA treatment reduced phenotypic markers of mature adipocyte aP2, adiponectin and glut-4 in mature adipocytes .in vivo: AKBA significantly prevented the formation of intestinal adenomatous polyps without toxicity to mice. AKBA's activity both in the prevention of small intestinal and colonic polyps was more potently than aspirin. Histopathologic examination revealed that AKBA's effect, that is the reduction of polyp size and degree of dysplasia, was more prominent in larger sized polyps, especially those originating in colon . AKBA administration in mice effectively delayed the growth of HT-29 xenografts without signs of toxicity. The activity of AKBA was more potent than that of aspirin . AKBA exhibited anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo. With oral application in mice, AKBA significantly inhibited SGC-7901 and MKN-45 xenografts without toxicity .
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and most aggressive subtype of malignant gliomas. The current standard of care for newly diagnosed GBM patients involves maximal surgical debulking, followed by radiation therapy and temozolomide chemotherapy. Despite the advances in GBM therapy, its outcome remains poor with a median survival of less than two years. This poor outcome is partly due to the ability of GBM tumors to acquire adaptive resistance to therapy and in particular to radiation. One of the mechanisms contributing to GBM tumor progression and resistance is an aberrant activation of NF-ĸB, a family of inducible transcription factors that play a pivotal role in regulation of many immune, inflammatory and carcinogenic responses. Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is a pentacyclic terpenoid extracted from the gum Ayurvedic therapeutic plant Boswellia serrata. AKBA is anti-inflammatory agent that exhibits potent cytotoxic activities against various types of tumors including GBM. One of the mechanisms underlying AKBA anti-tumor activity is its ability to modulate the NF-ĸB signaling pathway. The present study investigated in vitro and in vivo the effect of combining AKBA with ionizing radiation in the treatment of GBM and assessed AKBA anti-tumor activity and radio-enhancing potential. The effect of AKBA and/or radiation on the survival of cultured glioblastoma cancer cells was evaluated by XTT assay. The mode of interaction of treatments tested was calculated using CalcuSyn software. Inducing of apoptosis following AKBA treatment was evaluated using flow cytometry. The effect of combined treatment on the expression of PARP protein was analysed by Western blot assay. Ectopic (subcutaneous) GBM model in nude mice was used for the evaluation of the effect of combined treatment on tumor growth. Immunohistochemical analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor sections was used to assess treatment-related changes in Ki-67, CD31, p53, Bcl-2 and NF-ĸB-inhibitor IĸB-α. AKBA treatment was found to inhibit the survival of all four tested cell lines in a dose dependent manner. The combined treatment resulted in a more significant inhibitory effect compared to the effect of treatment with radiation alone. A synergistic effect was detected in some of the tested cell lines. Flow cytometric analysis with Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining of AKBA treated cells indicated induction of apoptosis. AKBA apoptotic activity was also confirmed by PARP cleavage detected by Western blot analysis. The combined treatment suppressed tumor growth in vivo compared to no treatment and each treatment alone. Immunohistochemical analysis showed anti-angiogenic and anti-proliferative activity of AKBA in vivo. It also demonstrated a decrease in p53 nuclear staining and in Bcl-2 staining and an increase in IĸB-α staining following AKBA treatment both alone and in combination with radiotherapy. In this study, we demonstrated that AKBA exerts potent anti-proliferative and apoptotic activity, and significantly inhibits both the survival of glioblastoma cells in vitro and the growth of tumors generated by these cells. Combination of AKBA with radiotherapy was found to inhibit factors which involved in cell death regulation, tumor progression and radioresistence, therefore it may serve as a novel approach for GBM patients.
Combined acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid and radiation treatment inhibited glioblastoma tumor cells.
Conti S1, Vexler A1, Edry-Botzer L1, Kalich-Philosoph L1, Corn BW2, Shtraus N2, Meir Y2, Hagoel L1, Shtabsky A3, Marmor S3, Earon G1, Lev-Ari S1.
2018 Jul 3
Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA), an active triterpenoid compound from the extract of Boswellia serrate, has been reported previously in our group to alleviate fibrosis in vascular remodelling. This study aimed to elucidate the in vivo and in vitro efficacy and mechanism of AKBA in renal interstitial fibrosis. The experimental renal fibrosis was produced in C57BL/6 mice via unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Hypoxia-induced HK-2 cells were used to imitate the pathological process of renal fibrosis in vitro. Results showed that the treatment of AKBA significantly alleviated UUO-induced impairment of renal function and improved the renal fibrosis by decreasing the expression of TGF-β1, α-SMA, collagen I and collagen IV in UUO kidneys. In hypoxia-induced HK-2 cells, AKBA displayed remarkable cell protective effects and anti-fibrotic properties by increasing the cell viability, decreasing the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and inhibiting fibrotic factor expression. Moreover, in obstructed kidneys and HK-2 cells, AKBA markedly down-regulated the expression of TGFβ-RI, TGFβ-RII, phosphorylated-Smad2/3 (p-Smad2/3) and Smad4 in a dose-dependent fashion while up-regulated the expression of Klotho and Smad7 in the same manner. In addition, the effects of AKBA on the Klotho/TGF-β/Smad signalling were reversed by transfecting with siRNA-Klotho in HK-2 cells. In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that AKBA can effectively protect kidney against interstitial fibrosis, and this renoprotective effect involves the Klotho/TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway. Therefore, AKBA could be considered as a promising candidate drug for renal interstitial fibrosis.
? 2018 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.
Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; HK-2 cells; Klotho/TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway; renal interstitial fibrosis; unilateral ureteral obstruction
Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid ameliorates renal interstitial fibrosis via Klotho/TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway.
Liu M1,2, Liu T3, Shang P3, Zhang Y4, Liu L1,2, Liu T5, Sun S1,2.
Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid (AKBA) is a triterpenoid, which is the main component of boswellic acid from Boswellia Serrata, a medicinal plant that has shown immense potential in anti-cancer therapy. This study aims to explore the roles and molecular mechanisms of AKBA on cell behavior in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
The effects of AKBA on the cell viability in A549, H460, H1299, and BEAS-2B cells were determined by the CCK-8 assay. The colony formation assay was used to identify the effects of AKBA on cell proliferation. Potential roles of AKBA in regulating the cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy in A549 were evaluated by flow cytometry, Western blotting, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunofluorescence (IF).
AKBA reduced cell viability in A549, H460, H1299, and BEAS-2B. In A549 cells, AKBA suppressed the clone formation, arrested the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, induced cellular apoptosis. We found that AKBA suppressed the formation of autolysosome, and decreased the expression levels of Beclin-1, LC3A/B-I, and LC3A/B-II proteins. Furthermore, AKBA also inhibited the expression levels of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway proteins.
AKBA exerts the anti-cancer effects via cell cycle arrest, apoptosis induction, and autophagy suppression in NSCLC cells. This body of evidence supports the potential of AKBA as a promising drug in the treatment of NSCLC.
? 2020 Lv et al.
Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid; apoptosis; autophagy; cell cycle; non-small cell lung cancer
Acetyl-11-Keto-β-Boswellic Acid Exerts the Anti-Cancer Effects via Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis Induction and Autophagy Suppression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells.
Lv M1, Shao S1, Zhang Q1, Zhuang X1, Qiao T1.
2020 Jan 23