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  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BD-P0002

  • Specification : 98.0%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 54952-43-1

  • Formula : C16H16O5

  • Molecular Weight : C16H16O5

  • Volume : 25mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method





Molecular Weight



Botanical Source

TLR-2,NF-κB,PI3K,Antibacterial,Syk,Antitumor / Rheumatoid arthritis,Asthma,Multiple myeloma ,Atopic dermatitis,Autoimmune diabetes,Acute myeloid leukemia,Cystic fibrosis

Structure Type





(±)-Shikalkin,(±)-Alkannin,(±)-Shikonin,NSC 2...




Methanol; Ethyl Acetate

Flash Point

Boiling Point

Melting Point


InChl Key

WGK Germany


HS Code Reference

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:54952-43-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

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Description :

Shikonin inhibits the cell viability, adhesion, invasion and migration of the human gastric cancer cell line MGC-803 via the Toll-like receptor 2/nuclear factor-kappa B pathway. PUMID/DOI:25880237 J Pharm Pharmacol. 2015 Apr 16. OBJECTIVES:||Shikonin is an active naphthoquinone pigment isolated from the root of Lithospermum erythrorhizon. This study was designed to explore the inhibition of Shikonin on cell viability, adhesion, migration and invasion ability of gastric cancer (GC) and its possible mechanism.||METHODS:||3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was performed for cell viability and adhesion ability of MGC-803 cells. Cell scratch repair experiments were conducted for the determination of migration ability while transwell assay for cell invasion ability. Western blot analysis and real-time polymerase chain reaction assay were used for the detection of protein and mRNA expressions.||KEY FINDINGS:||Fifty per cent inhibitory concentration of Shikonin on MGC-803 cells was 1.854 μm. Shikonin (1 μm) inhibited significantly the adhesion, invasion and migratory ability of MGC-803 cells. Interestingly, Shikonin in the presence or absence of anti-Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) antibody (2 μg) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) inhibitor MG-132 (10 μm) could decrease these ability of MGC-803 cells markedly, as well as the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, MMP-7, TLR2 and p65 NF-κB. In addition, the co-incubation of Shikonin and anti-TLR2/MG-132 has a significant stronger activity than anti-TLR2 or MG-132 alone.||CONCLUSIONS:||The results indicated that Shikonin could suppress the cell viability, adhesion, invasion and migratory ability of MGC-803 cells through TLR2- or NF-κB-mediated pathway. Our findings provide novel information for the treatment of Shikonin on GC. Shikonin induces apoptosis in the human gastric cancer cells HGC-27 through mitochondria-mediated pathway PUMID/DOI:25829762 Pharmacogn Mag. 2015 Apr-Jun;11(42):250-6. BACKGROUND:||Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most frequently occurring digestive tract cancers and fewer chemotherapeutic drugs for GC have shown promising results. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor activity of Shikonin, a natural compound isolated from the Chinese plant Lithospermum erythrorhizon, against the human GC cell line HGC-27.||MATERIALS AND METHODS:||HGC-27 cells treated with Shikonin at a concentration of 30μM or above showed significant growth inhibition compared to control cells. Shikonin-treated cells also underwent apoptosis as detected by flow cytometric analysis and microscopic examination of cellular morphology. Further investigation into the underlying mechanism of apoptosis by western blot showed that the Shikonin promoted the activation of poly-(ADP-ribose)-polymerase, caspase-3 and caspase-9 following 24 h or 48 h of treatment time, as well as the activation of caspase-8, but only after 48 h of treatment time. Furthermore, the levels of mitochondrial membrane potential, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-extra large were reduced following Shikonin treatment while the level of Bax was increased. In addition, Shikonin also caused a significant reduction of the protein Survivin, while having little effect on the expression on X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein.||CONCLUSION:||Taken together, these results showed that the Shikonin exhibited its anti-tumor activity against HGC-27 cells through inhibiting cell growth and promoting apoptosis by targeting mitochondrial-related signaling pathway. Our finding may represent a positive step in finding a natural and effective compound that could be important implication for future development of chemotherapeutic and/or chemopreventive agent against GC. Cbl participates in shikonin-induced apoptosis by negatively regulating phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B signaling. PUMID/DOI:无 Mol Med Rep. 2015 Jul;12(1):1305-13 Shikonin, a naturally occurring naphthoquinone, exhibits anti-tumorigenic activity. However, its precise mechanisms of action have remained elusive. In the present study, the involvement in the action of Shikonin of the ubiquitin ligases Cbl‑b and c‑Cbl, which are negative regulators of phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K) activation, was investigated. Shikonin was observed to reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest in lung cancer cells. In addition, Shikonin increased the protein levels of B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2)‑associated X and p53 and reduced those of Bcl‑2. Additionally, Shikonin inhibited PI3k/Akt activity and upregulated Cbl protein expression. In addition, a specific inhibitor of PI3K, LY294002, was observed to have a synergistic effect on the proliferation inhibition and apoptotic induction of A549 cells with Shikonin. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that Cbl proteins promote Shikonin‑induced apoptosis by negatively regulating PI3K/Akt signaling in lung cancer cells. Antimicrobial Activity of Shikonin Preparations. PUMID/DOI:无 Pharm.Chem. J., 2001, 35(8):435-6. Shikonin is a natural red naphthoquinone pigment synthesized in the roots of plants belonging to the Boraginaceae family. At present, a purified Shikonin preparation is widely used in Japan for the production of medicinals, cosmetics, and some food products [1]. In Russia, Shikonin enters into the antiinflammatory ointment and cream compositions used for the treatment of burns. Shikonin possesses a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. In this context, it was of interest to study the antimicrobial properties of commercial Shikonin and the related aqueous ethanol and oil extracts from the cell culture of Arnebia euchroma. Shikonin inhibits IgE-mediated histamine release by human basophils and Syk kinase activity PUMID/DOI:18830561 Inflamm Res. 2008 Oct;57(10):484-8. Shikonin dose-dependently inhibited the histamine release from basophils induced by anti-IgE antibody (IC50 = 2.6 +/- 1.0 microM; mean +/- SEM). A search for the target(s) of Shikonin in the signal cascade of IgE-mediated activation showed that it strongly inhibits Syk (IC50 = 7.8 microM, in the recombinant kinase assay), which plays a pivotal role in the degranulation response. A less significant inhibition was found for Lyn, which phosphorylates FcepsilonRI-betagamma subunits and also Syk.||CONCLUSIONS:||These results indicate that the inhibition of Syk-dependent phosphorylation events might underlie the blocked histamine release from human basophils, thus contributing to the anti-inflammatory effects of Shikonin.