Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.
639.0±55.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:480-20-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
The identification and quantification of soluble- and insoluble-bound phenolics in lentil hulls were studied using HPLC-DAD-ESI-MSn and their antioxidant potential determined using DPPH radical scavenging ability (DRSA), reducing power (RP), and hydroxyl radical scavenging ability (HRSA) assays to test their electron and hydrogen donating abilities. A number of soluble phenolics such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, and proanthocyanidins were found, which lead to the remarkable antioxidant potential as reflected in DRSA, RP, and HRSA. Meanwhile, insoluble-bound phenolics displayed a relatively lower number of peaks and contents than their corresponding soluble phenolics, leading to a lower antioxidant potential than that of soluble phenolics. Moreover, dihydrokaempferol dimer and carboxylated kaempferol diglucoside were identified for the first time in the insoluble-bound form in lentils. This study offers important data for the identification of phenolic compounds derived from lentils and their antioxidant potential.
Antioxidant activity; HPLC-MS/MS; Hulls; Identification phenolics; Insoluble bound phenolics; Lentil; Seed coat.
Identification and quantification of soluble and insoluble-bound phenolics in lentil hulls using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS and their antioxidant potential
JuDong Yeo 1, Fereidoon Shahidi 2
2020 Jun 15
Hyperpigmentation is considered by many to be a beauty problem and is responsible for photoaging. To treat this skin condition, medicinal cosmetics containing tyrosinase inhibitors are used, resulting in skin whitening. In this study, taraxerol methyl ether (1), spinasterol (2), 6-hydroxyflavanone (3), (+)-dihydrokaempferol (4), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (5), taraxerol (6), taraxerone (7), and lupeol acetate (8) were isolated from Manilkara zapota bark. Their chemical structures were elucidated by analysis of their nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (MS) data, and by comparing them with data found in the literature. The in vitro antityrosinase, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities of the isolated compounds (1-8) were evaluated. (+)-Dihydrokaempferol (4) exhibited higher monophenolase inhibitory activity than both kojic acid and α-arbutin. However, it showed diphenolase inhibitory activity similar to kojic acid. (+)-Dihydrokaempferol (4) was a competitive inhibitor of both monophenolase and diphenolase activities. It exhibited the strongest 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) activities of the isolated compounds. Furthermore, (+)-dihydrokaempferol (4) also demonstrated potent cytotoxicity in breast carcinoma cell line (BT474), lung bronchus carcinoma cell line (Chago-K1), liver carcinoma cell line (HepG2), gastric carcinoma cell line (KATO-III), and colon carcinoma cell line (SW620). These results suggest that M. zapota bark might be a good potential source of antioxidants and tyrosinase inhibitors for applications in cosmeceutical products.
Manilkara zapota; Sapotaceae; antioxidant; cytotoxicity; tyrosinase inhibitor.
Antityrosinase, Antioxidant, and Cytotoxic Activities of Phytochemical Constituents from Manilkara zapota L. Bark
Sutthiduean Chunhakant 1, Chanya Chaicharoenpong 2 3
2019 Jul 31
Stress-responsive dihydroxy flavonoids exhibit capability to inhibit the accretion of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The formation of these dihydroxy flavonols is catalyzed by flavonoid hydroxylases which are among the rate limiting enzymes of flavonoid biosynthesis pathway. Although flavonoid hydroxylases have been identified in several plant species but their role in abiotic stress is not explicitly documented. In the present study we report identification of all the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway genes of Crocus sativus and their expression profiling. We also report functional characterization of flavonoid 3′ hydroxylase (CsF3’H) and attempt to explore its physiological role in vitro and in planta. The results indicated that CsF3’H is 1608 bp long encoding 535 amino acids. Docking and enzyme kinetic studies revealed that CsF3’H catalyzes hydroxylation of naringenin and dihydrokaempferol to eriodictoyl and dihydroquercetin respectively, but exhibits higher affinity for naringenin. Further, CsF3’H showed comparatively higher expression in floral tissues particularly stigma and its expression was significantly enhanced in response to UV-B, dehydration and salinity stress indicative of its role in stress. The expression of CsF3’H was associated with concomitant accumulation of eriodictoyl and dihydroquercetin. Transient overexpression of CsF3’H in Nicotiana benthamiana leads to the accumulation of substantial amounts of eriodictoyl and dihydroquercetin. Further, it was observed that transient expression of CsF3’H conferred tolerance to UV-B and dehydration stress as was evident from higher chlorophyll and soluble sugar and lower MDA contents. Taken together, these results suggest that CsF3’H confers tolerance to UV-B and dehydration in planta through synthesis of dihydroflavonols.
Crocus sativus; Flavonoid 3′hydroxylase; Flavonoids; Spice.
Functional characterization of flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase, CsF3'H, from Crocus sativus L: Insights into substrate specificity and role in abiotic stress
Shoib Ahmad Baba 1, Nasheeman Ashraf 2
2019 May 30