White crystalline powder
Beta vulgaris, Evolvulus alsinoides/Prod. by Aspergillus oryzae, Patella vulgata, Claviceps purpurea and other fungi. Occurs widely in plants such as Phoradendron rubrum and animals. Alkaloid from Abroma augusta
(Carboxymethyl)trimethylammonium inner salt Oxyneurine/2-N,N,N-trimethylammonio acetate/rubrinec/OXYNEURINE/(Carboxymethyl)trimethylammonium inner salt/Additive Screening/jortaine/BET/Betain/trimethylammonioacetate/Aminocoat/(Carboxymethyl)trimethylammonium inner salt,Oxyneurine/Betaine/Abromine/LYCINE/wolfberry Extract/trimethylglycine
1.00 g/mL at 20 °C
301-305 °C (dec.)
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:107-43-7) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
This study evaluated the effect of supplemental dietary betaine at three concentrations (0.0%, 0.63% and 1.26%) on semen characteristics, quality and quality after storage on boars. The trial was conducted between 22 July and 1 October 2014 in a boar stud located in Oklahoma. Boars were blocked by age within genetic line and randomly allotted to receive 0% (CON, n (line T)=22, n (line L)=10), 0.63% (BET-0.63%, n (line T)=21, n (line L)=6) or 1.26% (BET-1.26%, n (line T)=23, n (line L)=7). The diets containing betaine were fed over 10 weeks, to ensure supplemental betaine product (96% betaine) daily intakes of 16.34 and 32.68g, for the BET-0.63% and BET-1.26% diets, respectively. Serum homocysteine concentrations were less for animals with betaine treatments (P=0.016). Rectal temperatures of the boars were unaffected by betaine diets. Betaine tended to increase total sperm in the ejaculates when collectively compared with data of the control animals (P=0.093). Sperm morphology analysis indicated there was a greater percent of sperm with distal midpiece reflex (P=0.009) and tail (P=0.035) abnormalities in boars fed the BET-1.26% than boars fed the BET-0.63% diet. Betaine concentration in the seminal plasma was greater in boars with betaine treatments, with animals being fed the 0.63% and 1.26% diets having 59.2% and 54.5% greater betaine concentrations in seminal plasma as compared with boars of the control group (P=0.046). In conclusion, betaine supplementation at 0.63% and 1.26% tended to increase sperm concentration in the ejaculates by 6% and 13%, respectively, with no negative impacts on semen quality when 0.63% of betaine was included in the diet.
Betaine; Boar sperm; Homocysteine; Semen analysis.
Effect of Natural Betaine on Estimates of Semen Quality in Mature AI Boars During Summer Heat Stress
F A Cabezon 1 , K R Stewart 2 , A P Schinckel 1 , W Barnes 3 , R D Boyd 3 , P Wilcock 4 , J Woodliff 5
2016 Jul 27
Betaine is one of most studied biologically active compounds, due its role in the main biological processes. Although it may be found in several plants and roots, such as the Beta vulgaris family, present in typical diets, just a few analytical methods have been developed for its extraction from roots. A new, quick and effective procedure for the isolation and determination of betaine from two different varieties of B. vulgaris (red and gold) is presented. For betaine extraction, an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) was coupled with solid-phase extraction. For betaine determination, a separation method based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry was optimized for a sensible detection of betaine by means of experimental design. Recoveries were about 93%, with RSD <5%, for both the matrices, without evidence of interfering species. The total content of betaine in extracts of various parts of plants (juice, peel, root) have been determined, obtaining concentrations in the range 3000-4000 mg/L for the juice and in the range 2-5 mg/g for the pulp and for the peel. The B. vulgaris gold species exhibited a higher concentration of betaine, compared to the red variety. Additionally, a micro extraction by packed sorbent technique and a modified quick, easy, cheap, rugged and safe (QuEChERS) procedure, were also tested and compared. Despite the lower recoveries of the latter, with respect to the ASE/SPE procedure (75-89%, RSD <1.5%), the ease of the method, which can be applied without the SPE purification procedure, can represent a positive improvement. Graphical abstract Determination of betaine from Beta vulgaris samples.
ASE; Beta vulgaris; Betaine; HILIC-MS/MS; QuEChERS; SPE.
New Approaches for Extraction and Determination of Betaine From Beta Vulgaris Samples by Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Luca Rivoira 1 2 , Sylwia Studzińska 2 , Malgorzata Szultka-Młyńska 2 3 , Maria Concetta Bruzzoniti 1 , Bogusław Buszewski 4 5
2017 Aug 5
Betaine is known as trimethylglycine and is widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Betaine is known to function physiologically as an important osmoprotectant and methyl group donor. Accumulating evidence has shown that betaine has anti-inflammatory functions in numerous diseases. Mechanistically, betaine ameliorates sulfur amino acid metabolism against oxidative stress, inhibits nuclear factor-κB activity and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, regulates energy metabolism, and mitigates endoplasmic reticulum stress and apoptosis. Consequently, betaine has beneficial actions in several human diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease.
betaine; endoplasmic reticulum; inflammation; obesity; oxidative stress.
Betaine in Inflammation: Mechanistic Aspects and Applications
Guangfu Zhao 1 , Fang He 1 , Chenlu Wu 1 , Pan Li 1 , Nengzhang Li 1 , Jinping Deng 2 , Guoqiang Zhu 3 , Wenkai Ren 2 3 , Yuanyi Peng 1
2018 May 24