Curcuma zedoaria , Curcuma longa and Curcuma aromatica. Absent in some Curcuma spp.
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DMSO : ≥ 31 mg/mL (100.54 mM)
*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.
551.3±45.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:33171-05-0) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Exposure to lead is a threat factor for neurodegenerative disorders progress as it could trigger dopaminergic deficiency. We aimed herein to assess the effect of acute lead exposure (25mg/kg B.W i.p.) during three continuous days on the dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems together with locomotor performance in Meriones shawi (M. shawi), then the neuroprotective potential of curcumin-III (30mg/kg B.W) by oral gavage. Pb-exposed M. shawi exhibited increased tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity in substantia nigra compacta (SNc), ventral tegmental area (VTA), locus coeruleus (LC), and dorsal striatum (DS), unlike the controls. This was correlated with decreased locomotor performance. A noticeable protective effect by co-treatment with curcumin-III was observed; in consequence, TH-immunoreactivity and locomotor disturbance were restored in Pb-treated Meriones. Our data results proved, on the one hand, an evident neurotoxic effect of acute Pb exposure and, on the other hand, a potent therapeutic effect of curcumin-III. Thereby, this compound may be recommended as a neuroprotective molecule for neurodegenerative disorders involving catecholaminergic impairment initiated by metallic elements.
Curcumin-III; Dopamine and noradrenaline; Lead neurotoxicity; Locomotion; Meriones shawi; Midbrain.
Altered nigrostriatal dopaminergic and noradrenergic system prompted by systemic lead toxicity versus a treatment by curcumin-III in the desert rodent Meriones shawi
Lahcen Tamegart 1, Abdellatif Abbaoui 1, Abdelaati El Khiat 1, Moulay Mustapha Bouyatas 2, Halima Gamrani 3
Rationale: Recent animal studies reported that curcumin, the active constituent of Curcuma longa, has several central actions and may attenuate morphine tolerance.
Objectives: In the present study, we utilized the intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) paradigm to examine the effects of the commercially available curcuminoid mixture and each one of its components, individually, on brain stimulation reward and on the reward-facilitating effect of morphine.
Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with an electrode into the medial forebrain bundle and trained to respond for electrical stimulation using a rate-frequency paradigm. In the first study, rats were injected with graded doses either of the curcuminoid mixture, or curcumin I, or II, or III. In the second study, we examined whether a low dose of the curcuminoid mixture or each individual curcumin analogue composing it could counteract the reward-facilitating effect of morphine.
Results: At low doses, both the curcuminoid mixture and curcumin I did not affect brain stimulation reward, whereas, higher doses increased ICSS thresholds. Curcumin II and curcumin III did not affect brain stimulation reward at any doses. Subthreshold doses of the curcuminoid mixture and curcumin I inhibited the reward-facilitating effect of morphine.
Conclusion: Both the curcuminoid mixture and curcumin I lack hedonic properties and moderate the reward-facilitating effect of morphine. Our data suggest that curcumin interferes with brain reward mechanisms responsible for the expression of the acute reinforcing properties of opioids and provide evidence that curcumin may be a promising adjuvant for attenuating morphine’s rewarding effects in patients who are under long-term opioid therapy.
Curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin differentially inhibit morphine's rewarding effect in rats
Vicky Katsidoni 1, Polyxeni Alexiou, Marilena Fotiadou, Maria Pelecanou, Marina Sagnou, George Panagis
P-glycoprotein (Pgp, ABCB1) is an ATP-dependent drug efflux pump linked to development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. Previously [Biochem Pharmacol 2002;64:573-82], we reported that a curcumin mixture could modulate both function and expression of Pgp. This study focuses on the effect of three major curcuminoids–curcumin I, II and III purified from a curcumin mixture–on modulation of Pgp function in a multidrug resistant human cervical carcinoma cell line (KB-V1). The similar IC(50) values for cytotoxicity of curcuminoids of KB-V1, and KB-3-1 (parental drug sensitive cell line) suggest that these curcuminoids may not be substrates for Pgp. Treating the cells with non-toxic doses of curcuminoids increased their sensitivity to vinblastine only in the Pgp expressing drug resistant cell line, KB-V1, and curcumin I retained the drug in KB-V1 cells more effectively than curcumin II and III, respectively. Effects of each curcuminoid on rhodamine123, calcein-AM, and bodipy-FL-vinblastine accumulation confirmed these findings. Curcumin I, II and III increased the accumulation of fluorescent substrates in a dose-dependent manner, and at 15 microM, curcumin I was the most effective. The inhibitory effect in a concentration-dependent manner of curcuminoids on verapamil-stimulated ATPase activity and photoaffinity labeling of Pgp with the [(125)I]-iodoarylazidoprazosin offered additional support; curcumin I was the most potent modulator. Taken together, these results indicate that curcumin I is the most effective MDR modulator among curcuminoids, and may be used in combination with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs to reverse MDR in cancer cells.
Biochemical mechanism of modulation of human P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) by curcumin I, II, and III purified from Turmeric powder
W Chearwae 1, S Anuchapreeda, K Nandigama, S V Ambudkar, P Limtrakul
2004 Nov 15