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Catechin

$300

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BN-O1844

  • Specification : 98%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 18829-70-4

  • Formula : C15H14O6

  • Molecular Weight : 290.27

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number

BN-O1844

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98%(HPLC)

Storage

2-8°C

Molecular Weight

290.27

Appearance

White powder

Botanical Source

Structure Type

Category

SMILES

Synonyms

IUPAC Name

Applications

Density

1.593 g/cm3

Solubility

Flash Point

335ºC

Boiling Point

630.4ºC at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

175-176ºC

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2932990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:18829-70-4) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.

PMID

29086885

Abstract

Background
Suoyang originates from a psammophyte named Cynomorium songaricum Rupr and has been known as a phenolic-antioxidant-enriched traditional Chinese herbal medicine. The present study attempted to investigate the protective effect of phenolic antioxidants in Suoyang towards •OH-mediated MSCs and then further discusses the chemical mechanisms.

Methods
The lyophilized aqueous extract of Suoyang (LAS) was prepared and characterized using HPLC. Then, two phenolic antioxidant references, epicatechin and luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, along with LAS, were investigated for their effects on the viability of •OH-treated MSCs using the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl (MTT) assay. The comparison and mechanistic chemistry of epicatechin and luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside were further explored using various antioxidant assays, including PTIO•-scavenging, FRAP (ferric ion reducing antioxidant power), ABTS+•-scavenging, and DPPH•-scavenging. Their Fe2+-binding capacities were also compared using ultraviolet (UV) spectra.

Results
The HPLC analysis indicated that there are 8 phenolic antioxidants in LAS, including epicatechin, luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, catechin, isoquercitrin, phlorizin, and naringenin. The MTT assay revealed that epicatechin could more effectively increase the survival of •OH-treated MSCs than luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside. Similarly, epicatechin exhibited higher antioxidant abilities than luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside in the DPPH•-scavenging, ABTS+•-scavenging, FRAP, and PTIO•-scavenging assays. In the Fe2+-binding assay, luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside gave a stronger UV peak at 600 nm, with ε = 2.62 × 106 M−1 cm−1, while epicatechin produced two peaks at 450 nm (ε = 8.47 × 105 M−1 cm−1) and 750 nm (ε = 9.68 × 105 M−1 cm−1).

Conclusion
As two reference antioxidants in Suoyang, epicatechin and luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside can enhance the viability of •OH-damaged MSCs. Such a beneficial effect may be from their antioxidant effects, including direct-antioxidant and indirect-antioxidant (i.e., Fe2+-binding) processes. In the direct-antioxidant process, proton (H+), one electron (e), or even hydrogen-atom (•H) transfer may occur to fulfill radical-scavenging (especially •OH-scavenging); in this aspect, epicatechin is superior to luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside due to the presence of more phenolic -OHs. The additional -OHs can also be responsible for the better cytoprotective effect. In terms of indirect-antioxidant potential, however, epicatechin is inferior to luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside due to the absence of a hydroxyl-keto moiety. These findings will provide new information about medicinal psammophytes for MSC transplantation.

Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s13065-017-0313-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

KEYWORDS

Phenolic antioxidants, Suoyang, Epicatechin, Luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, Mesenchymal stem cells

Title

Two phenolic antioxidants in Suoyang enhance viability of •OH-damaged mesenchymal stem cells: comparison and mechanistic chemistry

Author

Yulu Xie,#1,2 Xican Li,corresponding author#1,2 Jieying Xu,1 Qian Jiang,1,2 Hong Xie,1,2 Jianfeng He,1,2 and Dongfeng Chencorresponding author1,3,4

Publish date

2017

PMID

26058897

Abstract

Significance: All cells must maintain a balance between oxidants and reductants, while allowing for fluctuations in redox states triggered by signaling, altered metabolic flow, or extracellular stimuli. Furthermore, they must be able to rapidly sense and react to various challenges that would disrupt the redox homeostasis. Recent Advances: Many studies have identified Keap1 as a key sensor for oxidative or electrophilic stress, with modification of Keap1 by oxidation or electrophiles triggering Nrf2-mediated transcriptional induction of enzymes supporting reductive and detoxification pathways. However, additional mechanisms for Nrf2 regulation are likely to exist upstream of, or in parallel with, Keap1. Critical Issues: Here, we propose that the mammalian selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1) is a potent regulator of Nrf2. A high chemical reactivity of TrxR1 and its vital role for the thioredoxin (Trx) system distinguishes TrxR1 as a prime target for electrophilic challenges. Chemical modification of the selenocysteine (Sec) in TrxR1 by electrophiles leads to rapid inhibition of thioredoxin disulfide reductase activity, often combined with induction of NADPH oxidase activity of the derivatized enzyme, thereby affecting many downstream redox pathways. The notion of TrxR1 as a regulator of Nrf2 is supported by many publications on effects in human cells of selenium deficiency, oxidative stress or electrophile exposure, as well as the phenotypes of genetic mouse models. Future Directions: Investigation of the role of TrxR1 as a regulator of Nrf2 activation will facilitate further studies of redox control in diverse cells and tissues of mammals, and possibly also in animals of other classes. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 23, 823-853.

Title

TrxR1 as a Potent Regulator of the Nrf2-Keap1 Response System

Author

Marcus Cebula,1 Edward E. Schmidt,2 and Elias S.J. Arnercorresponding author1

Publish date

2015 Oct 1;