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Cinchonain Ib

$1,152

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BN-O0891

  • Specification : 97%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 85022-69-1

  • Formula : C24H20O9

  • Molecular Weight : 452.41

  • PUBCHEM ID : 10456516

  • Volume : 5mg

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Quantity
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Catalogue Number

BN-O0891

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

97%(HPLC)

Storage

2-8°C

Molecular Weight

452.41

Appearance

Powder

Botanical Source

Structure Type

Flavonoids

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

C1C(C(OC2=C1C(=CC3=C2C(CC(=O)O3)C4=CC(=C(C=C4)O)O)O)C5=CC(=C(C=C5)O)O)O

Synonyms

cinchonain Ia/Cinchonain-Ib

IUPAC Name

(2R,3R,10S)-2,10-bis(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5-dihydroxy-3,4,9,10-tetrahydro-2H-pyrano[2,3-f]chromen-8-one

Density

Solubility

Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.

Flash Point

Boiling Point

Melting Point

InChl

InChI=1S/C24H20O9/c25-14-3-1-10(5-17(14)28)12-8-21(31)32-20-9-16(27)13-7-19(30)23(33-24(13)22(12)20)11-2-4-15(26)18(29)6-11/h1-6,9,12,19,23,25-30H,7-8H2/t12-,19+,23+/m0/s1

InChl Key

LKCOZWLUAKSRQM-IBUUURQNSA-N

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2933990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:85022-69-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.

PMID

28859297

Abstract

Aims
Medin is a common amyloidogenic protein in humans that accumulates in arteries with advanced age and has been implicated in vascular degeneration. Medin’s effect on endothelial function remains unknown. The aims are to assess medin’s effects on human arteriole endothelial function and identify potential mechanisms underlying medin-induced vascular injury.

Methods and results
Ex vivo human adipose and leptomeningeal arterioles were exposed (1 h) to medin (0.1, 1, or 5 µM) without or with FPS-ZM1 [100 µM, receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE)-specific inhibitor] and endothelium-dependent function (acetylcholine dilator response) and endothelium-independent function (dilator response to nitric oxide donor diethylenetriamine NONOate) were compared with baseline control. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to medin without or with FPS-ZM1 and oxidative and nitrative stress, cell viability, and pro-inflammatory signaling measures were obtained. Medin caused impaired endothelial function (vs. baseline response: −45.2 ± 5.1 and −35.8 ± 7.9% in adipose and leptomeningeal arterioles, respectively, each P < 0.05). Dilator response to NONOate was not significantly changed. Medin decreased arteriole and endothelial cell nitric oxide production, increased superoxide production, reduced endothelial cell viability, proliferation, and migration. Medin increased gene and protein expression of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 via activation of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NFκB). Medin-induced endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress were reversed by antioxidant polyethylene glycol superoxide dismutase and by RAGE inhibitor FPS-ZM1. Conclusions Medin causes human microvascular endothelial dysfunction through oxidative and nitrative stress and promotes pro-inflammatory signaling in endothelial cells. These effects appear to be mediated via RAGE. The findings represent a potential novel mechanism of vascular injury.

KEYWORDS

Medin, Amyloid, Endothelial function, Inflammation, Oxidative stress

Title

Amyloidogenic medin induces endothelial dysfunction and vascular inflammation through the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts

Author

Raymond Q. Migrino, Hannah A. Davies, Seth Truran, Nina Karamanova, Daniel A. Franco, Thomas G. Beach, Geidy E. Serrano, Danh Truong, Mehdi Nikkhah, Jillian Madine

Publish date

2017 Sep

PMID

26807343

Abstract

Transcription factors are involved to varying extents in the health and survival of neurons in the brain and a better understanding of their roles with respect to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) could lead to the development of additional treatment strategies. Sp1 is a transcription factor that responds to inflammatory signals occurring in the AD brain. It is known to regulate genes with demonstrated importance in AD, and we have previously found it upregulated in the AD brain and in brains of transgenic AD model mice. To better understand the role of Sp1 in AD, we tested whether we could affect memory function (measured with a battery of behavioral tests discriminating different aspects of cognitive function) in a transgenic model of AD by pharmaceutical modulation of Sp1. We found that inhibition of Sp1 function in transgenic AD model mice increased memory deficits, while there were no changes in sensorimotor or anxiety tests. Aβ42 and Aβ40 peptide levels were significantly higher in the treated mice, indicating that Sp1 elevation in AD could be a functionally protective response. Circulating levels of CXCL1 (KC) decreased following treatment with mithramycin, while a battery of other cytokines, including IL-1α, IL-6, INF-γ and MCP-1, were unchanged. Gene expression levels for several genes important to neuronal health were determined by qRT-PCR, and none of these appeared to change at the transcriptional level.

KEYWORDS

Alzheimer’s disease, neurodegeneration, transcription factor, Sp1, transgenic mice, cognitive function, neurons, gene expression

Title

Transcription factor Sp1 inhibition, memory, and cytokines in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease

Author

Bruce A Citron, Jessica N Saykally, Chuanhai Cao, John S Dennis, Melissa Runfeldt, Gary W Arendash

Publish date

2015

PMID

31380079

Abstract

Climate change is altering the conditions for tree recruitment, growth, and survival, and impacting forest community composition. Across southeast Alaska, USA, and British Columbia, Canada, Callitropsis nootkatensis (Alaska yellow‐cedar) is experiencing extensive climate change‐induced canopy mortality due to fine‐root death during soil freezing events following warmer winters and the loss of insulating snowpack. Here, we examine the effects of ongoing, climate‐driven canopy mortality on forest community composition and identify potential shifts in stand trajectories due to the loss of a single canopy species. We sampled canopy and regenerating forest communities across the extent of C. nootkatensis decline in southeast Alaska to quantify the effects of climate, community, and stand‐level drivers on C. nootkatensis canopy mortality and regeneration as well as postdecline regenerating community composition. Across the plot network, C. nootkatensis exhibited significantly higher mortality than co‐occurring conifers across all size classes and locations. Regenerating community composition was highly variable but closely related to the severity of C. nootkatensis mortality. Callitropsis nootkatensis canopy mortality was correlated with winter temperatures and precipitation as well as local soil drainage, with regenerating community composition and C. nootkatensis regeneration abundances best explained by available seed source. In areas of high C. nootkatensis mortality, C. nootkatensis regeneration was low and replaced by Tsuga. Our study suggests that climate‐induced forest mortality is driving alternate successional pathways in forests where C. nootkatensis was once a major component. These pathways are likely to lead to long‐term shifts in forest community composition and stand dynamics. Our analysis fills a critical knowledge gap on forest ecosystem response and rearrangement following the climate‐driven decline of a single species, providing new insight into stand dynamics in a changing climate. As tree species across the globe are increasingly stressed by climate change‐induced alteration of suitable habitat, identifying the autecological factors contributing to successful regeneration, or lack thereof, will provide key insight into forest resilience and persistence on the landscape.

KEYWORDS

Callitropsis nootkatensis, climate change, community composition, diversity, forest mortality, yellow‐cedar decline

Title

From canopy to seed: Loss of snow drives directional changes in forest composition

Author

Sarah M. Bisbing, Brian J. Buma, Lauren E. Oakes, John Krapek, Allison L. Bidlack

Publish date

2019 Jul;


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