White crystalline powder
Bufa-20,22-dienolide, 16-(acetyloxy)-14,15-epoxy-3-hydroxy-, (3β,5β,15β,16β)-/(3β,5β,15β,16β)-16-Acetoxy-3-hydroxy-14,15-epoxybufa-20,22-dienolide/5β-Bufa-20,22-dienolide, 14,15β-epoxy-3β,16β-dihydroxy-, 16-acetate (8CI)/cinobufagine/Bufa-20,22-dienolide, 16- (acetyloxy)-14,15-epoxy-3-hydroxy-, (3β,5β,15β,16β)-/CINOBUFAGIN(P)/5β-Bufa-20,22-dienolide, 14,15β-epoxy-3β,16β-dihydroxy-, 16-acetate/RARECHEM BK HC T302/Cinobufagin/(3β,5β,15β,16β)-16-(acetyloxy)-3-hydroxy-14,15-epoxybufa-20,22-dienolide
Methanol; Acetontrile; DMSO
595.4±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:470-37-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Background/aims: Osteosarcoma is a common primary malignant bone tumor that mainly occurs in childhood and adolescence. Despite developments in the diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma, the prognosis is still very poor. Cinobufagin is an active component in the anti-tumor Chinese medicine called “Chan Su”, and we previously revealed that cinobufagin induced apoptosis and reduced the viability of osteosarcoma cells; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Herein, the present study was undertaken to illuminate the molecular mechanism of cinobufagin-induced apoptosis of osteosarcoma cell.
Methods: U2OS and 143B cells were treated with different concentrations of cinobufagin. Cell viability, colony formation ability and morphological changes were assessed by a CCK-8 assay, a clonogenic assay and light microscopy, respectively. Cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) were determined by flow cytometry. Glutathione (GSH) levels were detected by a GSH and GSSG assay kit. The levels of apoptosis-related proteins were determined by western blotting, and 143B cells were introduced to establish a xenograft tumor model. The effect of cinobufagin on osteosarcoma was further investigated in vivo.
Results: Our results showed that cinobufagin significantly reduced the viability of U2OS and 143B cells in vitro in a dose-and time-dependent manner. In addition, cinobufagin-induced apoptosis in U2OS and 143B cells was concentration-dependent. Moreover, we found that cinobufagin treatment increased the level of intracellular ROS, decreased ΔΨm, reduced GSH and inhibited GSH reductase (GR). The effects of cinobufagin on cell proliferation, apoptosis, ROS generation and ΔΨm loss were dramatically reversed when the cells were pretreated with the thiol-antioxidants NAC or GSH. Moreover, cinobufagin treatment increased the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and decreased the expression of the anti-apoptitic protein Bcl-2, thus altering the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2. Furthermore, Cinobufagin treatment caused cytochrome c release from the mitochondria to cytoplasm, thus increasing the protein levels of cleaved-caspase family members to induce apoptosis. Ac-DEVD-CHO or Z-LEHD-FMK significantly reduced cinobufagin-induced apoptosis. Finally, a subcutaneous xenograft animal study verified that cinobufagin also significantly suppressed osteosarcoma growth in vivo.
Conclusions: Our present data demonstrated that cinobufagin triggered cell apoptosis in osteosarcoma cells via the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway by the accumulation of ROS and the loss of ΔΨm. In an in vivo subcutaneous xenograft model, cinobufagin exhibited excellent tumor inhibitory effects. These results suggest that cinobufagin might potentially be further developed as an anti-tumor candidate for treating osteosarcoma patients in the clinic.
Apoptosis; Cinobufagin; Mitochondrial pathway; Osteosarcoma; ROS.
Cinobufagin Induces Apoptosis in Osteosarcoma Cells Via the Mitochondria-Mediated Apoptotic Pathway
Guo Dai 1 , Di Zheng 1 , Weichun Guo 1 , Jian Yang 1 , An-Yuan Cheng 2
Background: Current clinical treatments for osteosarcoma are limited by disease recurrence and primary or secondary chemoresistance. Cancer stem-like cells have been proposed to facilitate the initiation, progression, recurrence and chemoresistance of osteosarcoma. Furthermore, previous studies have reported that IL-6-STAT3 pathway is overexpressed in various types of cancer and contributes to cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion/migration, chemoresistance and modulation of stemness features.
Aim: To examined the effect of cinobufagin on cancer progression and modulation of stemness features in osteosarcoma, and investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying such effects.
Methods: Human osteosarcoma cell lines U2OS/MG-63 were recruited in this study. Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were determined by MTT assay, colony formation assay,wound healing assay, and cell invasion assay respectively. Its effect on stemness was assessed by flow cytometry and mammosphere formation. The protein expression levels of related proteins were detected by Western blot. The xenograft model, immunofluorescence staining and immunohistochemistry were used to determine the effect of cinobufagin on tumorigenicity in vivo experiment.
Results: We found that cinobufagin suppressed the viability of U2OS/MG-63 spheroids/parent cells in a time-and dose-dependent manner. Notably, cinobufagin had no effect on the viability of hFOB 1.19 cells. Moreover, cinobufagin induced apoptosis, increased the width of wounds, reduced invasive osteosarcoma spheroids/parent cell numbers and reduced EMT phenotype and OPN levels in U2OS/MG-63 spheroids as well as U2OS/MG-63 parent cells lines. Noticeablely, we found that OPN levels were higher in spheroids group than that in parent cells. In addition, cinobufagin ameliorated the proportion of CD133-positive cells, the size of spheroids and Nanog, Sox-2 and Oct3/4 protein levels. Our in vivo experiments showed that cinobufagin consistently reduced tumor volume,the expressions of OPN, Sox-2, Oct3/4, Nanog and p-STAT3 by the immuno histochemistry staining as well as CD133 expression in tumor tissues by immunofluorescence analysis. From a mechanistic point of view, cinobufagin was shown to inhibit IL-6-OPN-STAT3 signaling pathway. Exogenous IL-6/OE-OPN/overexpression STAT3 attenuated the induction of cinobufagin-mediated apoptosis and the suppression of stemness properties respectively.
Conclusion: Collectively, our data demonstrated that cinobufagin inhibited the viability and tumorigenesis capability of osteosarcoma cells by blocking IL-6- OPN-STAT3 signaling pathway. Cinobufagin may therefore represent a promising therapeutic agent for osteosarcoma management.
Apoptosis; Cinobufagin; Mitochondrial pathway; Osteosarcoma; ROS.
Cinobufagin Suppresses The Characteristics Of Osteosarcoma Cancer Cells By Inhibiting The IL-6-OPN-STAT3 Pathway
Chuan Zhang # 1 , Kun Ma # 1 , Wu-Yin Li 1
2019 Dec 4
Inducing angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancers that sustains tumor growth and metastasis. Neovascularization is a surprisingly early event during the multistage progression of cancer. Cinobufagin, an important bufadienolide originating from Chan Su, has been clinically used to treat cancer in China since the Tang dynasty. Here, we show that cinobufagin suppresses colorectal cancer (CRC) growth in vivo by downregulating angiogenesis. The hierarchized neovasculature is significantly decreased and the vascular network formation is disrupted in HUVEC by cinobufagin in a dose-dependent way. Endothelial apoptosis is observed by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and mitochondrial dysfunction which can be neutralized by N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC). Expression of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is reduced and phosphorylation of mTOR at Ser2481 and Akt at Ser473 is downregulated in HUVEC. Endothelial apoptosis is triggered by cinobufagin by stimulation of Bax and cascade activation of caspase 9 and caspase 3. Increased endothelial apoptosis rate and alterations in the HIF-1α/mTOR pathway are recapitulated in tumor-bearing mice in vivo. Further, the anti-angiogenesis function of cinobufagin is consolidated based on its pro-apoptotic effects on an EOMA-derived hemangioendothelioma model. In conclusion, cinobufagin suppresses tumor neovascularization by disrupting the endothelial mTOR/HIF-1α pathway to trigger ROS-mediated vascular endothelial cell apoptosis. Cinobufagin is a promising natural anti-angiogenetic drug that has clinical translation potential and practical application value.
HIF-1α; angiogenesis; apoptosis; cinobufagin; colorectal cancer.
Cinobufagin Suppresses Colorectal Cancer Angiogenesis by Disrupting the Endothelial Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1α Axis
Xiaowu Li 1 2 3 , Chunhui Chen 2 , Yu Dai 2 , Chengzhi Huang 1 , Qinrui Han 2 , Linlin Jing 4 , Ye Ma 2 , Yihua Xu 2 , Yawei Liu 5 , Liang Zhao 5 , Junjiang Wang 1 , Xuegang Sun 2 6 , Xueqing Yao 1 2
Cinobufagin, a kind of Chinese materia medica with antitumor effect, is widely used in clinical practice, especially in anti-liver cancer.IC50 value:Target:In vitro: Cinobufagin inhibited proliferation of cancer cells at doses of 0.1, 1, or 10 μM after 2-4 days of culture. Cytotoxicity of cinobufagin on the DU145 and LNCaP cells was dose-dependent. Cinobufagin increased [Ca2+]i and apoptosis in cancer cells after a 24-hr culture as well as caspase 3 activities in DU145 and PC3 cells and caspase 9 activities in LNCaP cells . Cinobufagin suppresses cell proliferation and causees apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via a sequence of apoptotic modulators, including Bax, cytochrome c and caspases