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Cucurbitacin E


  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BD-D0349

  • Specification : HPLC≥98%

  • CAS number : 18444-66-1

  • Formula : C32H44O8

  • Molecular Weight : 556.69

  • PUBCHEM ID : 5281319

  • Volume : 10mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method






Molecular Weight



White crystalline powder

Botanical Source

Pedicellus Melo/Cucumis melo L.

Structure Type



Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API




(9b,10a,16a,23E)-25-(Acetyloxy)-2,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-19-norlanosta-1,5,23-triene-3,11,22-trione/(3E,6R)-6-[(8S,9R,10R,13R,14S,16R,17R)-2,16-Dihydroxy-4,4,9,13,14-pentamethyl-3,11-dioxo-4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-oxo-3-hepten-2-ylacetat/19-Norlanosta-1,5,23-triene-3,11,22-trione, 25-(acetyloxy)-2,16,20-trihydroxy-9-methyl-, (9β,10α,16α,23E)-/Acetate de (4R,9β,16α,23E)-2,16,20-trihydroxy-9,10,14-trimethyl-1,11,22-trioxo-4,9-cyclo-9,10-secocholesta-2,5,23-trien-25-yle/α-Elaterin/25-(Acetyloxy)-2b,16a,20-trihydroxy-9b-methyl-19-nor-10a-lanosta-1,5,23E-triene-3,11,22-trione/(3E,6R)-6-[(8S,9R,10R,13R,14S,16R,17R)-2,16-Dihydroxy-4,4,9,13,14-pentamethyl-3,11-dioxo-4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-hydroxy-2methyl-5-oxo-3-hepten-2-yl acetate/Cucurbitacin E/A-Elaterin/CUCURBITACIN E(SH)/Acetate de (3E,6R)-6-[(8S,9R,10R,13R,14S,16R,17R)-2,16-dihydroxy-4,4,9,13,14-pentamethyl-3,11-dioxo-4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodecahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-oxo-3-hepten-2-yle/α-Elaterine/19-Nor-9β,10α-lanosta-1,5,23-triene-3,11,22-trione, 2,16α,20,25-tetrahydroxy-9-methyl-, 25-acetate (8CI)/(4R,9β,16α,23E)-2,16,20-Trihydroxy-9,10,14-trimethyl-1,11,22-trioxo-4,9-cyclo-9,10-secocholesta-2,5,23-trien-25-yl acetate/(4R,9β,16α,23E)-2,16,20-Trihydroxy-9,10,14-trimethyl-1,11,22-trioxo-4,9-cyclo-9,10-secocholesta-2,5,23-trien-25-ylacetat/Estra-1,5-diene-3,11-dione, 17-[(1R,3E)-5-(acetyloxy)-1-hydroxy-1,5-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-hexen-1-yl]-2,16-dihydroxy-4,4,9,14-tetramethyl-, (9β,10α,16α,17β)-/25-acetate/cucurbitacine-e


[(E,6R)-6-[(8S,9R,10R,13R,14S,16R,17R)-2,16-dihydroxy-4,4,9,13,14-pentamethyl-3,11-dioxo-8,10,12,15,16,17-hexahydro-7H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-oxohept-3-en-2-yl] acetate


1.2±0.1 g/cm3


Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.

Flash Point

224.4±26.4 °C

Boiling Point

712.6±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point




InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference


Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:18444-66-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.




Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of airway affecting people from childhood to old age, and is characterized by airway epithelial dysfunction. Cucurbitacin E (CuE), a tetracyclic triterpene isolated from Cucurbitaceae plants, has been recently proved to exert anti-inflammation and immunology regulation activities. Nevertheless, its roles in asthma remains poorly defined. In the current study, CuE had little cytotoxicity on cell viability of human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. Moreover, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure inhibited cell viability and induced cell apoptosis, which was reversed following CuE pretreatment. Additionally, CuE administration suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production, including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8. Simultaneously, supplementation with CuE decreased the transcripts and releases of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) in LPS-treated BEAS-2B cells. Intriguingly, CuE inhibited LPS-evoked activation of the high-mobility group box1 (HMGB1)-TLR4-NF-κB signaling by reducing the expression of HMGB1, TLR4 and p-p65 NF-κB. Notably, restoring this pathway by elevating HMGB1 expression largely offset the protective function of CuE against LPS-triggered cell injury, inflammatory response and MUC5AC expression. Consequently, these findings highlight that CuE can ameliorate human bronchial epithelial cell insult and inflammation under LPS-simulated asthmatic conditions by blocking the HMGB1-TLR4-NF-κB signaling, thereby supporting its usefulness as a promising therapeutic agent against asthma.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Asthma; CuE; HMGB1-TLR4-NF-κB pathway; Human bronchial epithelial cells; Insult and inflammation; MUC5AC


Cucurbitacin E ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-evoked injury, inflammation and MUC5AC expression in bronchial epithelial cells by restraining the HMGB1-TLR4-NF-κB signaling.


Shang J1, Liu W2, Yin C3, Chu H2, Zhang M3.

Publish date

2019 Oct




Human non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with an extremely poor prognosis especially for the 40% of patients who develop brain metastasis, and few treatment strategies exist. Cucurbitacin E (CuE), an oxygenated tetracyclic triterpenoid isolated from plants particularly of the family Cucurbitaceae, has shown anti‑tumorigenic properties in several types of cancer, yet the mechanism remains unclear. Yes‑associated protein (YAP), a main mediator of the Hippo signaling pathway, promotes tumorigenesis, drug resistance and metastasis in human NSCLC. The present study was designed to ascertain whether CuE inhibits YAP and its downstream gene expression in the human NSCLC cell lines H2030‑BrM3 (K‑rasG12C mutation) and PC9‑BrM3 (EGFRΔexon19 mutation), which have high potential for brain metastasis. The efficacy of CuE in suppressing brain metastasis of H2030‑BrM3 cells in a murine model was also investigated. It was found that after CuE treatment in H2030‑BrM3 and PC9‑BrM3 cells, YAP protein expression was decreased, and YAP signaling GTIIC reporter activity and expression of the downstream genes CTGF and CYR61 were significantly (P<0.01) decreased. CuE treatment also reduced the migration and invasion abilities of the H2030‑BrM3 and PC9‑BrM3 cells. Finally, our in vivo study showed that CuE treatment (0.2 mg/kg) suppressed H2030‑BrM3 cell brain metastasis and that mice treated with CuE survived longer than the control mice treated with 10% DMSO (P=0.02). The present study is the first to demonstrate that CuE treatment inhibits YAP and the signaling downstream gene expression in human NSCLC in vitro, and suppresses brain metastasis of NSCLC in a murine model. More studies to verify the promising efficacy of CuE in inhibiting brain metastasis of NSCLC and various other cancers may be warranted.


Cucurbitacin E inhibits the Yes‑associated protein signaling pathway and suppresses brain metastasis of human non‑small cell lung cancer in a murine model.


Hsu PC1, Tian B1, Yang YL1, Wang YC1, Liu S1, Urisman A2, Yang CT3, Xu Z1, Jablons DM1, You L1.

Publish date

2019 Aug




Cucurbitacin E (CuE) is a biochemical compound found in plants that are members of the family CuE has been studied for its roles in anti-inflammation and the inhibition of angiogenesis as well as for its properties as an antioxidant. CuE is a new agent that was identified as a selective inhibitor of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-related pathway. STAT3, a pivotal transcription factor for Th17 differentiation, is critical for T cell alloactivation in acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD). We investigated whether CuE attenuates the development of aGvHD through the suppression of Th17 cells. The alloreactive proliferation of mouse and human T cells was reduced by CuE treatment. CuE also decreased pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-17 and IFN-γ, in alloreactive T cells. STAT3-responsive and IL-17A-promoter activities were also suppressed by CuE treatment, confirming that activated STAT3 was decreased by CuE treatment. To construct an aGvHD-induced mouse line, splenocytes and bone marrow cells from C57BL/6 mice were transplanted into BALB/c mice with complete mis-matched major histocompatibility complex molecules. CuE was administered to aGvHD animals 3 days per week via intraperitoneal injection. CuE attenuated the severity of aGvHD disease-related scores compared to the vehicle group. CuE inhibited skin inflammation and fibrosis, as evidenced by the expression of α-Sma and Col-I in aGvHD mice compared to the vehicle group. Additionally, aGvHD mice treated with CuE showed improved histopathological features in the small and large intestines, whereas the vehicle group showed collapsed villi in the small intestine and cryptic structures in the large intestine. We also observed a marked reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the intestinal tissue. Collectively, our data suggest that CuE could serve as a therapeutic agent for patients with aGvHD.

Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Acute graft-versus-host disease; Cucurbitacin E; Fibrosis; STAT3; Th17 cells


Cucurbitacin E ameliorates acute graft-versus-host disease by modulating Th17 cell subsets and inhibiting STAT3 activation.


Kim SY1, Park MJ1, Kwon JE1, Jung KA1, Jhun JY1, Lee SY1, Seo HB1, Ryu JY1, Beak JA1, Choi JY2, Cho ML3.

Publish date

2018 Nov;

Description :

Cucurbitacin E is a natural compound which from the climbing stem of Cucumic melo L. Cucurbitacin E significantly suppresses the activity of the cyclin B1/CDC2 complex.