This product is isolated and purified from the rhizomes of Hemsleya amabilis Diels.
Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.
650.7±55.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:60137-06-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Ginsenoside-Rh2 and cucurbitacin-B (CuB) are secondary metabolites of Ginseng (Panax ginseng) and Cucurbitaceae plants respectively. We assessed the anticryptosporidial activity of these two functional compounds in a cell culture model of cryptosporidiosis. The highest concentration of each compound that was not toxic to the host cells was used to assess the activity against C. parvum during infection/invasion and growth in HCT-8 cell monolayers. Monolayers were infected with pre-excysted C. parvum oocysts. Infected monolayers were incubated at 37 °C for 24 h and 48 h in the presence of different concentrations of each test compound. A growth resumption assay was performed by incubating infected monolayers in the presence of compounds for 24 h followed by a second 24-h incubation in the absence of compound. To screen for invasion inhibiting activity, freshly excysted C. parvum sporozoites were pre-treated with different concentrations of compounds prior to adding them to the cell monolayers. Paromomycin, a known inhibitor of C. parvum, and DMSO were used as positive and negative control, respectively. The level of infection was initially assessed using an immunofluorescent assay and quantified by real-time PCR. Both compounds were found to strongly inhibit C. parvum intracellular development in a dose-dependent manner. IC50 values of 25 μM for a 24 h development period and 5.52 μM after 48 h development were measured for Rh2, whereas for CuB an IC50 value of 0.169 μg/ml and 0.118 μg/ml were obtained for the same incubation periods. CuB also effectively inhibited resumption of growth, an activity that was not observed with Rh2. CuB was more effective at inhibiting excystation and/or host cell invasion, indicating that this compound also targets extracellular stages of the parasite.
Cryptosporidium parvum; Curcurbitacin-B; Development; Ginsenoside-Rh2; In vitro; Invasion.
Effect of Ginsenoside-Rh2 and Curcurbitacin-B on Cryptosporidium parvum in vitro
Md Shahiduzzaman 1, Refaat Ras 2, Giovanni Widmer 3
Shelf-life information provides end-users with the assurance that the product is still in compliance with label claims. Behavioral reaction orders of the Arrhenius model had been consistently used under fixed conditions to provide shelf-life in food products. Due to non-conformity of the cucurbitacin-containing phytonematicides to the Arrhenius behavioral reaction orders, an alternative quadratic model consistent with the behavioral reaction orders of cucurbitacins was developed under chilled (5°C at 95-98% RH) and fixed tropical (38°C at 90% RH) conditions, while room temperature constituted unfixed conditions. Sampling for cucurbitacins was done at time-frames compliant with geometric series, with cucurbitacin analysis regularly performed using high-performance liquid chromatography techniques. Under chilled conditions, neither the Arrhenius nor the quadratic model could predict the shelf-life for Nemarioc-AL phytonematicide, whereas Nemafric-BL phytonematicide had shelf-life of 35 weeks. In contrast, under tropical conditions, the positive quadratic models showed that Nemarioc-AL and Nemafric-BL phytonematicides had shelf-life of 35 and 825 weeks, respectively. In conclusion, the two phytonematicides could be stored under fixed tropical conditions to enhance the shelf-life of their active ingredients.
Shelf-life in cucurbitacin-containing phytonematicides: Non-conformity to Arrhenius model
Phatu W Mashela 1, Ebrahim Shokoohi 1, Kgabo M Pofu 1 2
2020 Feb 12
Background: NGF-TrkA is well known to play a key role in propagating and sustaining pruritogenic signals, which form the pathology of chronic pruritus. Inhibition of NGF-TrkA is a known strategy for the treatment of pruritus. In the present paper, we describe the identification, in vitro characterization, structure-activity analysis, and inhibitory evaluation of a novel TrkA inhibitory scaffold exemplified by Cucurbitacins (Cus).
Methods: Cus were identified as TrkA inhibitors in a large-scale kinase library screen. To obtain structural models of Cus as TrkA inhibitors, AutoDock was used to explore their binding to TrkA. Furthermore, PC12 cell culture systems have been used to study the effects of Cus and traditional Chinese medicinal plants (Tian Gua Di and bitter gourd leaf) extracts on the kinase activity of TrkA.
Results: Cus block the phosphorylation of TrkA on several tyrosine sites, including Tyr490, Tyr674/675, and Tyr785, and inhibit downstream Akt and MAPK phosphorylation in response to NGF in PC12 cell model systems. Furthermore, traditional Chinese medicinal plants (Tian Gua Di and bitter gourd leaf) containing Cu extracts were shown to inhibit the phosphorylation of TrkA and Akt. These data reveal mechanisms, at least partly, of the anti-pruritus bioactivity of Cus.
Conclusion: Taken together, with the recent discovery of the important role of TrkA as a therapeutic target, Cus could be the basis for the design of improved TrkA kinase inhibitors, which could someday help treat pruritus.
Cucurbitacins; Inhibitors; Kinase; Pruritus; TrkA.
Identification and characterization of the Cucurbitacins, a novel class of small-molecule inhibitors of Tropomyosin receptor kinase a
Yueling Zhong 1, Hong Xu 2, Yi Zhong 1, Xuemiao Zhang 2, Ting Zeng 3, Limei Li 1, Gaojie Xu 1, Minhui Li 3, Jin Liu 4 5, Tai Yang 6 7
2019 Nov 6;