DMSO : ≥ 26 mg/mL (64.92 mM)
*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.
601.9±55.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:4026-95-3) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Five integral plasma membrane glycoproteins (60, 80, 120, 140, and 160 kilodaltons) were isolated to homogeneity from rat liver by a four-step procedure: (i) extraction of plasma membranes with lithium diiodosalicylate, (ii) solubilization of glycoproteins with Nonidet P-40, (iii) affinity chromatography on concanavalin A-Sepharose, and (iv) semipreparative NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The glycoproteins contained 48.5–51.5% hydrophobic amino acids. Carbohydrate moieties contained N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-mannose, D-galactose, L-fucose, and N-acetylneuraminic acid. N-Acetyl-D-galactosamine was not detectable. Half-lives of degradation of the carbohydrate and protein moieties of the five glycoproteins were measured by pulse-chase experiments in vivo. Protein moieties had half-lives ranging from 52 to 88 hr in the five glycoproteins, with a mean of 73 +/- 15 hr. Terminal sugars, L-fucose, and N-acetylneuraminic acid had significantly shorter half-lives, averaging 18 +/- 2 hr and 29 +/- 3 hr, respectively. The half-life of D-mannose varied between that of the terminal sugars and that of the protein moiety, depending on the type of the glycoprotein. The data show that the carbohydrate moieties are degraded faster than the protein portion of the glycoproteins. As this finding was obtained in each of the five glycoproteins, intramolecular heterogeneity of breakdown may be a general characteristic of plasma membrane glycoproteins in liver.
Intramolecular heterogeneity of degradation in plasma membrane glycoproteins: evidence for a general characteristic.
R Tauber, C S Park, and W Reutter
A thermostable beta-galactosidase which catalyzed the production of galacto-oligosaccharide from lactose was solubilized from a cell wall preparation of Sterigmatomyces elviae CBS8119. The enzyme was purified to homogeneity by means of chromatography on DEAE-Toyopearl, Butyl-Toyopearl, Chromatofocusing, and p-aminobenzyl 1-thio-beta-D-galactopyranoside agarose columns. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be about 170,000 by gel filtration with a Highload-Superdex 200pg column and 86,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Its isoelectric point, determined by polyacrylamide gel electrofocusing, was 4.1. The optimal temperature for enzyme activity was 85 degrees C. It was stable at temperatures up to 80 degrees C for 1 h. The optimal pH range for the enzyme was 4.5 to 5.0, it was stable at pH 2.5 to 7.0, and its activity was inhibited by Hg2+. The Km values for o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside and lactose were 9.5 and 2.4 mM, respectively, and the maximum velocities for these substrates were 96 and 240 mumol/min per mg of protein, respectively. In addition, this enzyme possessed a high level of transgalactosylation activity. Galacto-oligosaccharides, including tri- and tetrasaccharides, were produced with a yield, by weight, of 39% from 200-mg/ml lactose.
Purification and properties of a novel thermostable galacto-oligosaccharide-producing beta-galactosidase from Sterigmatomyces elviae CBS8119.
N Onishi and T Tanaka
We have cloned the cellular sequence termed box DNA from the enhancer region of polyomavirus F9 mutant fPyF9. Box DNA functions as a negative transcriptional element (silencer) in undifferentiated F9 cells but not in differentiated L cells. Plasmid DNAs containing the origin and enhancer of polyomavirus were used to measure simultaneously transcriptional and replication activities in transfected cells. DNA replication activity was significantly reduced under conditions in which the silencer was able to reduce enhancer activity in F9 cells. On the other hand, when the silencer could not repress enhancer activity in MOP-8 cells, which are mouse NIH 3T3 cells producing polyomavirus T antigen constitutively, replication activity was still intact. The silencer itself had no effect on DNA replication or transcription in either type of cells. Furthermore, the insertion of a 6-base oligonucleotide within a consensus sequence of box DNA abolished the repressive effect of the silencer on DNA replication and enhancer activities. These results suggest that enhancer factors, interacting with silencer factors, may be closely associated with the mechanism of replication.
Effect of silencer on polyomavirus DNA replication.
K Ariizumi, H Takahashi, M Nakamura, and H Ariga