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  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BN-O1545

  • Specification : 98%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 25488-59-9

  • Formula : C22H26O6

  • Molecular Weight : 386.4

  • PUBCHEM ID : 384877

  • Volume : 5mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method






Molecular Weight




Botanical Source

This product is isolated and purified from the barks of Pseudolarix kaempferi

Structure Type



Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API




2(3H)-Furanone, 3,4-bis[(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methyl]dihydro-, (3R,4R)-/(3R,4R)-3,4-Bis(3,4-dimethoxybenzyl)dihydro-2(3H)-furanone/Methylarctigenin




1.2±0.1 g/cm3


Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.

Flash Point

237.2±28.8 °C

Boiling Point

545.6±45.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point


InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference


Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:25488-59-9) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.




This study aimed to elucidate virus, host and environmental dynamics of Vietnamese H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (HPAIVs) during 2014-2017. Epidemiologically, H5 HPAIVs were frequently detected in apparently healthy domestic and Muscovy ducks and therefore these are preferred species for H5 HPAIV detection in active surveillance. Virologically, clade and H5 HPAIVs were predominant and exhibited distinct phylogeographic evolution. Clade viruses clustered phylogenetically in North, Central and South regions, whilst clade viruses only detected in North and Central regions formed small groups. These viruses underwent diverse reassortment with existence of at least 12 genotypes and retained typical avian-specific motifs. These H5 HPAIVs exhibited large antigenic distance from progenitor viruses and commercial vaccines currently used in poultry. Bayesian phylodynamic analysis inferred that clade viruses detected during 2014-2017 were likely descended from homologous clade viruses imported to Vietnam previously and/or preexisting Chinese viruses during 2012-2013. Vietnamese clade viruses closely shared genetic traits with contemporary foreign spillovers, suggesting that there existed multiple transboundary virus dispersals to Vietnam. This study provides insights into the evolution of Vietnamese H5 HPAIVs and highlights the necessity of strengthening control measures such as, preventive surveillance and poultry vaccination.

Subject terms: Phylogenetics, Influenza virus


A systematic study towards evolutionary and epidemiological dynamics of currently predominant H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in Vietnam


Lam Thanh Nguyen,1,2 Simon M. Firestone,3 Mark A. Stevenson,corresponding author3 Neil D. Young,3 Leslie D. Sims,4 Duc Huy Chu,5 Tien Ngoc Nguyen,5 Long Van Nguyen,5 Tung Thanh Le,5 Hung Van Nguyen,5 Hung Nam Nguyen,5 Tien Ngoc Tien,6 Tho Dang Nguyen,7 Bich Ngoc Tran,2 Keita Matsuno,1,8 Masatoshi Okamatsu,1 Hiroshi Kida,8,9 and Yoshihiro Sakodacorresponding author1,8

Publish date





We applied Simmons-Balluffi methods, positron measurements, and neutron diffraction to estimate the vacancy of CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys (HEAs) using Cu as a benchmark. The corresponding formation enthalpies and associated entropies of the HEAs and Cu were calculated. The vacancy-dependent effective free volumes in both CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi alloys are greater than those in Cu, implying the easier formation of vacancies by lattice structure relaxation of HEAs at elevated temperatures. Spatially resolved synchrotron X-ray measurements revealed different characteristics of CoCrFeNi and CoCrFeMnNi HEAs subjected to quasi-equilibrium conditions at high temperatures. Element-dependent behavior revealed by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) mapping indicates the effect of Mn on the Cantor Alloy.

Subject terms: Metals and alloys, Mechanical properties


Element Effects on High-Entropy Alloy Vacancy and Heterogeneous Lattice Distortion Subjected to Quasi-equilibrium Heating


E-Wen Huang,corresponding author1 Hung-Sheng Chou,2 K. N. Tu,1,3 Wei-Song Hung,4,5 Tu-Ngoc Lam,1,6 Che-Wei Tsai,7 Ching-Yu Chiang,8 Bi-Hsuan Lin,8 An-Chou Yeh,7 Shan-Hsiu Chang,7 Yao-Jen Chang,7 Jun-Jie Yang,7 Xiao-Yun Li,8 Ching-Shun Ku,8 Ke An,9 Yuan-Wei Chang,1 and Yu-Lun Jao1

Publish date





Climate change and accelerating socioeconomic developments increasingly challenge flood-risk management in the Vietnamese Mekong River Delta—a typical large, economically dynamic and highly vulnerable delta. This study identifies and addresses the emerging challenges for flood-risk management. Furthermore, we identify and analyse response solutions, focusing on meaningful configurations of the individual solutions and how they can be tailored to specific challenges using expert surveys, content analysis techniques and statistical inferences. Our findings show that the challenges for flood-risk management are diverse, but critical challenges predominantly arise from the current governance and institutional settings. The top-three challenges include weak collaboration, conflicting management objectives and low responsiveness to new issues. We identified 114 reported solutions and developed six flood management strategies that are tailored to specific challenges. We conclude that the current technology-centric flood management approach is insufficient given the rapid socioecological changes. This approach therefore should be adapted towards a more balanced management configuration where technical and infrastructural measures are combined with institutional and governance resolutions. Insights from this study contribute to the emerging repertoire of contemporary flood management solutions, especially through their configurations and tailoring to specific challenges.

Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (10.1007/s13280-017-1009-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.


Challenges, Climate change, Flood-risk management, Mekong Delta, Socioeconomic developments, Solutions


Managing flood risks in the Mekong Delta: How to address emerging challenges under climate change and socioeconomic developments


Long Phi Hoang, Robbert Biesbroek, Van Pham Dang Tri, Matti Kummu, Michelle T. H. van Vliet, Rik Leemans, Pavel Kabat, Fulco Ludwig

Publish date

2018 Oct

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