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Echinocystic acid


  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-E1004

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 510-30-5

  • Formula : C30H48O4

  • Molecular Weight : 472.71

  • PUBCHEM ID : 73309

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method






Molecular Weight



White crystalline powder

Botanical Source

Gleditsia sinensis

Structure Type



Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API




(4aR,5R,6aS,6bR,8aR,10S,12aR,12bR,14bS)-5,10-Dihydroxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,6b,7,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,12b,13,14b-octadecahydro-4a(2H)-picenecarboxylic acid/Echicystic acid/(3β,16α)-3,16-Dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid/Albizziagenin/Echinocystsaeure/3-B,16-A-DIHYDROXYOLEAN-12-EN-28-OIC ACID/echinaystic acid/Olean-12-en-28-oic acid, 3,16-dihydroxy-, (3β,16α)-/Echinocystic


(4aR,5R,6aR,6aS,6bR,8aR,10S,12aR,14bS)-5,10-dihydroxy-2,2,6a,6b,9,9,12a-heptamethyl-1,3,4,5,6,6a,7,8,8a,10,11,12,13,14b-tetradecahydropicene-4a-carboxylic acid


1.1±0.1 g/cm3


Methanol; Acetontrile; DMSO

Flash Point

321.6±26.6 °C

Boiling Point

585.0±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point




InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference


Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:510-30-5) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate




Echinocystic acid (EA), a natural extract from plants of Gleditsia sinensis Lam, exhibits anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic activities in different diseases. In this study, we explored the pharmacological effects of EA on intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in a collagenase-induced ICH mouse model.

EA (50 mg/kg, i.p. q.d) was injected after the establishment of ICH, and we measured the amount of degraded neurons in brain tissue with Fluoro-Jade C staining and the haemorrhagic injury volume with Luxol fast blue staining on day 3 after ICH. We also assessed animal behaviour by rotarod test, claw force test and modified neurological severity score (mNSS) score. The expression of apoptosis-related proteins such as Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 was analysed by Western blot.

EA reduced both the death of neurons and the volume of haemorrhagic injury after ICH. The haemorrhage infarct volume of the ICH+EA group was 9.84%±3.32% lower than that in the ICH group of mice (P<0.01). The mNSS score of the ICH+EA treated group was 4.75±0.55 lower than that in the ICH group (P<0.01). With the administration of EA after ICH, the expression of Bcl-2 was upregulated while the Bax level was downregulated. The cleaved caspase-3 level was also significantly decreased. We further investigated the neuroprotective mechanism of EA. Western blot results showed that the expression of P-AKT increased after EA treatment and decreased after LY294002, an inhibitor of the PI3K/AKT pathway, treatment.

EA may provide neuroprotection via activation of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Given the safety of EA has been proven, further studies are required to investigate whether EA is a potential agent for the treatment of ICH.

2020 Annals of Translational Medicine. All rights reserved.


Intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH); PI3K/AKT pathway; anti-apoptotic; echinocystic acid (EA)


Echinocystic acid provides a neuroprotective effect via the PI3K/AKT pathway in intracerebral haemorrhage mice.


Chen B1,2,3, Zhao Y2,3, Li W2,3, Hang J1,2, Yin M1,2, Yu H1,2,4.

Publish date

2020 Jan




The rhizome of Codonopsis lanceolata (family Campanulaceae), which contains lancemaside A as a main constituent, is frequently used in the traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Lancemaside A exhibits anti-inflammatory effect in vitro and in vivo. However, orally administered lancemaside A is metabolized to echinocystic acid by the intestinal microflora and the metabolite is absorbed into the blood. Therefore, to understand whether echinocystic acid is effective against skin inflammatory diseases, we assessed its inhibitory effect against 12-O-tetra decanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced ear inflammation in mice. Topically administered echinocystic acid potently suppressed TPA-induced ear swelling. The suppression rates at 0.05 and 0.10 % concentrations were 65 and 73 %, respectively. Echinocystic acid also inhibited TPA-induced myeloperoxidase activity, as well as COX-2, iNOS, TNF-α and IL-1β expressions. Echinocystic acid inhibited NF-κB in TPA-treated mouse ears, as well as in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated peritoneal macrophages. Its potency is comparable with that of dexamethasone. These findings indicate that echinocystic acid may ameliorate inflammatory diseases, such as dermatitis.


Inhibitory effect of echinocystic acid on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced dermatitis in mice.


Joh EH1, Jeong JJ, Kim DH.

Publish date

2014 Feb




Chronic pain has consistently been correlated with depression. Echinocystic acid (EA), a natural triterpone enriched in various herbs and used for medicinal purpose in many Asian countries, exhibits anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. However, little is known the effects of EA on the depression. In present study, we investigated the anti-depression activities in the mouse model of reserpine-induced pain-depression dyad. Reserpine (1 mg/kg subcutaneously daily for 3 days) caused significant depression-like behaviors and pain sensation. Subsequent treatment of EA (5 mg/kg intragastrically daily for 5 days) attenuated the reserpine-induced pain/depression dyad as shown by the increase of pain threshold and the behaviors in forced swimming test, tail suspension test, and open field test. Furthermore, treatment of EA reversed the decrease of biogenic amines (norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin) in the brain region of hippocampus, a structure involved in the formation of emotional disorders. Levels of serotonin receptor 5-HT1A were decreased and levels of 5-HT2A were increased in the reserpine-injected mice. Treatment of EA could restore the alterations of serotonin receptors. At the same time, the increase in GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors, p-GluA1-Ser831, PSD-95 and CaMKII were integrated with the increase in caspase-3 and iNOS levels in the hippocampus of the reserpine-injected mice. EA significantly reversed the changes of above proteins. However, EA did not affect the levels of GluN2A-containing NMDA receptors and the total levels of GluA1 and p-GluA1-Ser845. Our study provides strong evidence that EA attenuates reserpine-induced pain/depression dyad partially through regulating the biogenic amines levels and GluN2B receptors in the hippocampus.


Depression; Echinocystic acid; Hippocampus; NMDA receptor; Pain; Serotonin


Echinocystic acid reduces reserpine-induced pain/depression dyad in mice.


Li S1, Han J1, Wang DS2, Feng B1, Deng YT1, Wang XS1, Yang Q1, Zhao MG3.

Publish date

2016 Apr

Description :

Echinocystic acid a pentacyclic triterpene isolated from the fruits of Gleditsia sinensis Lam, has potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties. In vitro: Echinocystic acid (EA) inhibit the formation of osteoclast. EA inhibit RANKL-induced NF-κB activation and ERK phosphorylation in BMMs. [1] EA inhibit IL-1β-induced inflammation in chondrocytes. [2]In vivo: Echinocystic acid reduces reserpine-induced pain/depression dyad in mice. [3]