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Florfenicol

$43

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-F2006

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 73231-34-2

  • Formula : C12H14Cl2FNO4S

  • Molecular Weight : 358.21

  • PUBCHEM ID : 114811

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number

BF-F2006

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98%

Storage

2-8°C

Molecular Weight

358.21

Appearance

Powder

Botanical Source

synthesis

Structure Type

Others

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

CS(=O)(=O)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C(C(CF)NC(=O)C(Cl)Cl)O

Synonyms

Florfenicol/2R)-1-(fluoromethyl)-2-hydroxy-2-[4-(methanesulfonyl)phenyl]ethyl]acetamide/NUFLOR/2,2-dichloro-N-[(1S/AQUAFEN/Fluorothiamphenicol/2,2-DIBROMODECAFLUOROPENTANE/2,2-Dichloro-N-[(1R,2S)-3-fluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)propan-2-yl]acetamide/Florfeniol/Aquaflor

IUPAC Name

2,2-dichloro-N-[(1R,2S)-3-fluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)propan-2-yl]acetamide

Density

1.5±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Flash Point

327.3±31.5 °C

Boiling Point

617.5±55.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

153 °C

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2941900000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:73231-34-2) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

PMID

30518106

Abstract

The optrA gene, which confers transferable resistance to oxazolidinones and phenicols, is defined as an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter but lacks transmembrane domains. The resistance mechanism of optrA and whether it involves antibiotic efflux or ribosomal protection remain unclear. In this study, we determined the MIC values of all bacterial strains by broth microdilution, and used ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupole mass spectrometry to quantitatively determine the intracellular concentrations of linezolid and florfenicol in Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus. Linezolid and florfenicol both accumulated in susceptible strains and optrA-carrying strains of E. faecalis and S. aureus. No significant differences were observed in the patterns of drug accumulation among E. faecalis JH2-2, E. faecalis JH2-2/pAM401, and E. faecalis JH2-2/pAM401+optrA, but also among S. aureus RN4220, S. aureus RN4220/pAM401, and S. aureus RN4220/pAM401+optrA. ANOVA scores also suggested similar accumulation conditions of the two target compounds in susceptible strains and optrA-carrying strains. Based on our findings, the mechanism of optrA-mediated resistance to oxazolidinones and phenicols obviously does not involve active efflux and the OptrA protein does not confer resistance via efflux like other ABC transporters.

KEYWORDS

ABC transporter; Enterococcus; Staphylococcus; active efflux; florfenicol; linezolid.

Title

Intracellular Accumulation of Linezolid and Florfenicol in OptrA-Producing Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus

Author

Yingyu Wang 1, Xiaowei Li 2, Yang Wang 3, Stefan Schwarz 4, Jianzhong Shen 5, Xi Xia 6

Publish date

2018 Dec 4

PMID

31472264

Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of florfenicol (FFC) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in Ctenopharyngodon idella in vivo and in vitro. Head-kidney (HK) macrophages were pre-treated with 10 μg/mL LPS and then exposed to different concentrations of FFC to determine its in vitro anti-inflammatory activity. Inhibitory effect of FFC on inflammatory mediators TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, as well as LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2) production were assayed by ELISA. The expression level of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were investigated by RT-PCR. Expression level of TLR-related genes (TLR1, TLR2, TLR4, TLR7, TLR8) expression, tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), transforming growth factor-b-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), nucleus p65, NF-κBα (IκBα) were measured by RT-PCR after grass carp were treated with 50, 100 and 200 mg FFC/kg body weight for 3 days. Results from in vitro tests demonstrated that FFC dose-dependently inhibited LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, inflammatory factors NO and PGE 2 production in macrophages. In addition, iNOS and COX-2 expression levels decreased significantly as compared with LPS treated group. In vivo test demonstrated that treatment with FFC prevented the LPS-induced upregulation of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, NO and PGE 2. The expression level of iNOS, and COX-2 in FFC-treated grass carp were also downregulated as compared with LPS treated fish. Besides, FFC blocked the expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and then suppressed the phosphorylation of nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 and degradation inhibitor of IκBα. Furthermore, administration of FFC inhibited the up-regulation of IRAK4, TRAF6 and TAK1 induced by LPS. These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory properties of FFC might be the results from the inhibition of iNOS, COX-2, IL-6, IL-1β, and TNF-α expressions through the down-regulation of Toll/NF-κB signaling pathways.

KEYWORDS

Ctenopharyngodon idella; Florfenicol; Inflammatory responses; Toll/NF-κB signaling pathways; lipopolysaccharide.

Title

Florfenicol Alleviated Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Inflammatory Responses in Ctenopharyngodon Idella Through Inhibiting Toll / NF-κB Signaling Pathways

Author

Pei Li 1, Jianzhi Ye 2, Shaodong Zeng 2, Chunliang Yang 3

Publish date

Nov-19

PMID

27837837

Abstract

Antibiotics are widely used in veterinary medicine to treat and prevent diseases and their residues can remain in food of animal origin causing adverse effects to human health. Amphenicols (chloramphenicol, thiamphenicol, and florfenicol) may be found in foodstuffs, although the use of chloramphenicol has been prohibited in many countries due to its high toxicity. Since these antibiotics are usually present at trace levels in food, sensitive and selective techniques are required to detect them. This paper reviews analytical methods used since 2002 for the quantitative analysis of amphenicols in food. Sample preparation and separation/detection techniques are described and compared. The advantages and disadvantages of these procedures are discussed. Furthermore, the worldwide legislation and occurrence of these antibiotics in food matrices as well as future trends are also presented.

KEYWORDS

Antibiotic; Chloramphenicol; Florfenicol; Legislation; Occurrence; Quantitative methods; Thiamphenicol.

Title

Advances on the Chromatographic Determination of Amphenicols in Food

Author

Leticia R Guidi 1, Patricia A S Tette 2, Christian Fernandes 3, Luiza H M Silva 4, Maria Beatriz A Gloria 5

Publish date

2017 Jan 1


Description :

Florfenicol, a commonly used veterinary antibiotic, is currently indicated for the treatment of bovine respiratory disease, and also used in aquaculture for the control of enteric septicemia in catfish. Florfenicol can induce early embryonic death in eggs, with an LC50 of 1.07 μg/g.