Palm Red crystalline powder
Garcinia hanburyi Hook.f/ Gamboge (Garcinia hanburyi)
(2Z)-4-[(1S,2S,13S,15R)-7-[(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl]-6,8-dihydroxy-17,17-dimethyl-5-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-10,14-dioxo-3,16-dioxapentacyclo[188.8.131.52.0.0]octadeca-4,6,8,11- tetraen-15-yl]-2-methyl-2-butenoic acid/2-Butenoic acid, 4-[(1R,3aS,5S,12aS)-9-[(2E)-3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl]-3a,4,5,7-tetrahydro-8,10-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-11-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-7,13-dioxo-1,5-methano-1H,3H-furo[3,4-d]xanthen-1-yl]-2-methyl-, (2Z)-/(2Z)-4-[(1R,3aS,5S,12aS)-9-[(2E)-3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-yl]-3a,4,5,7-tetrahydro-8,10-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-11-(3-methyl-2-buten-1-yl)-7,13-dioxo-1,5-methano-1H,3H-furo[3,4-d]xanthen-1-yl]-2-methyl-2-butenoic acid
818.6±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:173932-75-7) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
OBJECTIVEs. An earlier paper estimated the per-case and national incidence costs of Alzheimer’s disease for 1983. This paper updates the estimates of costs per case to 1991 and presents new national prevalence estimates of the economic and social costs of the disease. METHODS. All data for the cost estimates were taken from published sources or provided by other researchers. RESULTS. At midrange values of the estimated cost and epidemiological parameters, the discounted (at 4%) direct and total costs of Alzheimer’s disease were $47,581 and $173,932 per case, respectively. The estimated 1991 national direct and total prevalence costs were $20.6 billion and $67.3 billion, respectively. Assuming conservatively that the prevalence of the disease remains constant, the estimated discounted present values of the direct and total costs of all current and future generations of Alzheimer’s patients are $536 billion and $1.75 trillion, respectively. CONCLUSIONS. The $536 billion and $1.75 trillion figures are minimum estimates of the long-term dollar losses to the US economy in 1991 caused by Alzheimer’s disease.
The US economic and social costs of Alzheimer's disease revisited.
R L Ernst and J W Hay
Abtracts from the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society of General Internal Medicine
Three new species of the genus Plato from caves in the states of Para and Minas Gerais, Brazil, are described. P. novalima sp. n., from Minas Gerais, is the first record of the genus in the southeastern region of Brazil. P. ferriferus sp. n. and P. striatus sp. n., from Carajas, Para, north of Brazil, are also described. The former is an extremely abundant species, whereas the latter has only one known male specimen. Cuacuba gen. n. is proposed and represented by two new species, C. mariana sp. n. (type species) and C. morrodopilar sp. n., both from the state of Minas Gerais. Morphology of genitalia in Cuacuba gen. n. is similar to other Theridiosomatidae genera and is herein discussed. None of the proposed species presents troglomorphic adaptations. They are widespread, abundant inside caves in different and large karst areas, and each genus prefers different lithologies.
biospeleology, Neotropical region, taxonomy
Three new species of the spider genus Plato and the new genus Cuacuba from caves of the states of Para and Minas Gerais, Brazil (Araneae, Theridiosomatidae)
Pedro H. Prete,1 Igor Cizauskas,1 and Antonio D. Brescovit1