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Ginsenoside Rd

$78

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-G1010

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 52705-93-8

  • Formula : C48H82O18

  • Molecular Weight : 947.15

  • PUBCHEM ID : 12855925

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number

BF-G1010

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98%

Storage

-20℃

Molecular Weight

947.15

Appearance

White crystalline powder/ White powder

Botanical Source

Panax ginseng,Panax notoginseng,Panax japonicus

Structure Type

Terpenoids

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

Synonyms

GINSENOOSIDERD/ginsenoside Rd/(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-({(3S,5R,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-12-hydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-17-[(2S)-6-methyl-2-{[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-5-hepten-2-yl]hexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-yl}oxy)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol/Herba Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli/(3β,12β)-20-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl-2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside/(3β,12β)-20-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside/Gypenoside VIII/GinsenosideRd/β-D-Glucopyranoside, (3β,12β)-20-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-12-hydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-/ginsenoside--Rd standard/(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-2-({(3S,5R,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-12-hydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-17-[(2S)-6-methyl-2-{[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-5-hepten-2-yl]hexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-yl}oxy)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H/pyran-3,4,5-triol

IUPAC Name

2-[2-[[3,12-dihydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-17-[6-methyl-2-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyhept-5-en-2-yl]-2,3,5,6,7,9,11,12,13,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-6-yl]oxy]-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol

Density

1.4±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Methanol

Flash Point

568.0±34.3 °C

Boiling Point

1015.6±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2932990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:52705-93-8) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

PMID

31505423

Abstract

YiQiFuMai Powder Injection (YQFM) is widely used in clinical practice for the treatment of heart failure (HF). However, its functional molecular mechanism remains to be fully uncovered. Our present study aimed to elucidate the impact of YQFM and underlying mechanisms on coronary artery ligation (CAL)-induced HF. Our results exhibited that YQFM significantly mitigated CAL-induced HF via meliorating the left ventricular contractile function and reducing the serum content of creatine kinase MB (CK-MB), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), interleukin-6 (IL-6), troponin (Tn), myosin, myoglobin (MYO) and myocilin (MYOC). Then, the relevance between circulating omentin level and cardiac function was investigated and we found that serum omentin levels positively associated with ejection fraction and negatively correlated with NT-proBNP content. Further, the effect of YQFM on cardiac function and omentin change in 1, 7 and 14 days CAL-induced HF mice was evaluated and the omentin secretion in isolated subcutaneous (SCAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) after YQFM treatment were detected. YQFM could increase the circulating omentin content both in 14 days CAL-induced HF mice and isolated EAT. And increased omentin in conditioned medium (CM) could inhibit simulated ischemic/reperfusion (SI/R)-induced cardiomyocytes apoptosis. Moreover, YQFM could ameliorate myocardial apoptosis via positive regulation of AMPK, PI3 K/Akt and negative regulation of MAPKs signaling pathways. Ginsenoside Rd might partially mediated omentin-dependent protective effect of YQFM. Our findings indicated that regulation of cross-talk between adipose tissue and cardiomyocytes might be a potential target through which YQFM exerts cardioprotective effect apart from direct cardiomyocytes protection.

Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS

Cardioprotection; Epicardial adipose tissue; Ginsenoside Rd; Heart failure; Omentin; YiQiFuMai powder injection

Title

YiQiFuMai powder injection ameliorates chronic heart failure through cross-talk between adipose tissue and cardiomyocytes via up-regulation of circulating adipokine omentin.

Author

Li F1, Pang LZ1, Zhang L1, Zhang Y1, Zhang YY1, Yu BY1, Kou JP2.

Publish date

2019 Nov

PMID

31411316

Abstract

Many compounds of ginsenosides show anti-inflammatory properties. However, their anti-inflammatory effects in intervertebral chondrocytes in the presence of inflammatory factors have never been shown. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are generally associated with the degradation and death of chondrocytes; therefore, finding an effective and nontoxic substance that attenuates the inflammation is worthwhile. In this study, chondrocytes were isolated from the nucleus pulposus tissues, and the cells were treated with ginsenoside compounds and IL-1β, alone and in combination. Cell viability and death rate were assessed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry methods, respectively. PCR, western blot, and immunoprecipitation assays were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression, and the interactions between proteins, respectively. Monomeric component of ginsenoside Rd had no toxicity at the tested range of concentrations. Furthermore, Rd suppressed the inflammatory response of chondrocytes to interleukin (IL)-1β by suppressing the increase in IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, COX-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, and retarding IL-1β-induced degradation of chondrocytes by improving cell proliferation characteristics and expression of aggrecan and COL2A1. These protective effects of Rd were associated with ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP), blocking the stimulation of IL-1β to NF-κB. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEDD4, CBL, CBLB, CBLC, and ITCH most likely target IL1RAP. Rd increased intracellular ITCH level and the amount of ITCH attaching to IL1RAP. Thus, IL1RAP ubiquitination promoted by Rd is likely to occur by up-regulation of ITCH. In summary, Rd inhibited IL-1β-induced inflammation and degradation of intervertebral disc chondrocytes by increasing IL1RAP ubiquitination.

Title

Ginsenoside Rd inhibits IL-1β-induced inflammation and degradation of intervertebral disc chondrocytes by increasing IL1RAP ubiquitination.

Author

Zhang WJ1, Liu Y1, Wei JS1, Wu YL2.

Publish date

2019

PMID

31153133

Abstract

A simple, precise and reliable LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of vitexin, notoginsenoside R1, hydroxysafflor yellow A, ginsenoside Rd, puerarin, daidzein and senkyunolide I as components of Naodesheng (NDS) in rat serum. The Linearity ranges in rat serum were 0.045-4.5 μg/mL for vitexin, 0.0476-4.76 μg/mL for notoginsenoside R1, 0.0422-4.22 μg/mL for hydroxysafflor yellow A, 0.0426-4.26 μg/mL for ginsenoside Rd, 0.0436-4.36 μg/mL for puerarin, 0.026-2.6 μg/mL for daidzein, and 0.05-5 μg/mL for senkyunolide I, with the correlation coefficients greater than 0.99. The established method was validated in terms of intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy, recovery, matrix effect and stability. Furthermore, the method was successfully applied for pharmacokinetic study of these seven components in rat serum after oral administration of NDS.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS

LC-MS/MS; Naodesheng; Pharmacokinetic study; Simultaneous quantification of seven components

Title

Validated LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of seven components of Naodesheng in rat serum after oral administration and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.

Author

Luo L1, Kang J1, Zhao W1, Qi Y1, Liang S2.

Publish date

2019 Sep 10


Description :

Ginsenoside Rd inhibits TNFα-induced NF-κB transcriptional activity with an IC50 of 12.05±0.82 μM in HepG2 cells. Ginsenoside Rd inhibits expression of COX-2 and iNOS mRNA. Ginsenoside Rd also inhibits Ca2+ influx. Ginsenoside Rd inhibits CYP2D6, CYP1A2, CYP3A4, and CYP2C9, with IC50s of 58.0±4.5 μM, 78.4±5.3 μM, 81.7±2.6 μM, and 85.1±9.1 μM, respectively.