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Ginsenoside Re

$43

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-G1011

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 52286-59-6

  • Formula : C48H82O18

  • Molecular Weight : 947.15

  • PUBCHEM ID : 441921

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number

BF-G1011

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98%

Storage

-20℃

Molecular Weight

947.15

Appearance

White crystalline powder

Botanical Source

Panax ginseng,Panax notoginseng,Dioscorea spongiosa,Luffa aegyptiaca,Panax japonicus

Structure Type

Terpenoids

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

CC1C(C(C(C(O1)OC2C(C(C(OC2OC3CC4(C(CC(C5C4(CCC5C(C)(CCC=C(C)C)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C)O)C7(C3C(C(CC7)O)(C)C)C)C)CO)O)O)O)O)O

Synonyms

β-D-Glucopyranoside, (3β,6α,12β)-20-(β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3,12-dihydroxydammar-24-en-6-yl 2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-/chikusetsusaponinivc/Ginsenoside Re/Panaxoside/(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-({(2S)-2-[(3S,5R,6S,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-6-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-3,12-dihydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethylhexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-methyl-5-hepten-2-yl}oxy)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol/(3β,6α,12β)-20-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-3,12-dihydroxydammar-24-en-6-yl 2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside/gingenoside Re/ginsenoside-Re standard/(3β,6α,12β)-20-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-3,12-dihydroxydammar-24-en-6-yl-2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside/ginsenoside-Re/GINSENOSIDE GINSENOSIDE-RE/ginsenosideb2/(3β,6α,12β)-6-{[2-O-(6-Deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-3,12-dihydroxydammar-24-en-20-yl β-D-glucopyranoside/(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-({(2S)-2-[(3S,5R,6S,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-6-{[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl]oxy}-3,12-dihydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethylhexadecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-17-yl]-6-methyl-5-hepten-2-yl}oxy)-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol/β-D-Glucopyranoside, (3β,6α,12β)-6-[[2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-3,12-dihydroxydammar-24-en-20-yl

IUPAC Name

(2S,3R,4R,5R,6S)-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[[(3S,5R,6S,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-3,12-dihydroxy-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-17-[(2S)-6-methyl-2-[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxyhept-5-en-2-yl]-2,3,5,6,7,9,11,12,13,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-6-yl]oxy]-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy-6-methyloxane-3,4,5-triol

Density

1.4±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Methanol

Flash Point

565.7±34.3 °C

Boiling Point

1011.8±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2932990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:52286-59-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

PMID

29849732

Abstract

Objective. Panax ginseng is widely used for treatment of cardiovascular disorders in China. Ginsenoside Re is the main chemical component of Panax ginseng. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of Ginsenoside Re on isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in rats. Methods. Male Wistar rats were orally given Ginsenoside Re (5, 20 mg/kg) daily for 7 days. Isoproterenol was subcutaneously injected into the rats for two consecutive days at a dosage of 20 mg/kg/day (on 6th and 7th day). Six hours after the last isoproterenol injection, troponin T level and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) activity were assayed. Histopathological examination of heart tissues was performed. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) in heart tissues were measured. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) content in nucleus and the proteins of glutathione cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) and glutathione cysteine ligase modulatory subunit (GCLM) in heart tissues were assayed by western blotting method. Results. Treatment with Ginsenoside Re at dose of 5, 20 mg/kg reduced troponin T level and CK-MB activity of rats subjected to isoproterenol. The cardioprotective effect of Ginsenoside Re was further confirmed by histopathological examination which showed that Ginsenoside Re attenuated the necrosis and inflammatory cells infiltration. Ginsenoside Re inhibited the increase of MDA content and the decrease of GSH in heart tissues. Moreover, the Nrf2 content in nucleus and the expressions of GCLC and GCLM were significantly increased in the animals treated with Ginsenoside Re. Conclusion. These findings suggested that Ginsenoside Re possesses the property to attenuate isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemic injury by regulating the antioxidation function in cardiomyocytes.

Title

Ginsenoside Re Attenuates Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Injury in Rats.

Author

Wang QW1, Yu XF2, Xu HL2, Jiang YC2, Zhao XZ1, Sui DY2.

Publish date

2018 Apr 22

PMID

30713572

Abstract

Objective. Panax ginseng is used widely for treatment of cardiovascular disorders in China. Ginsenoside Re is the main chemical component of P. ginseng. We aimed to investigate the protective effect of ginsenoside Re on isoproterenol-induced myocardial fibrosis and heart failure in rats. Methods. A model of myocardial fibrosis and heart failure was established by once-daily subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (5 mg/kg/day) to rats for 7 days. Simultaneously, rats were orally administrated ginsenoside Re (5 or 20 mg/kg) or vehicle daily for 4 weeks. Results. Isoproterenol enhanced the heart weight, myocardial fibrosis, and hydroxyproline content in rat hearts. Ginsenoside Re inhibited (at least in part) the isoproterenol-induced increase in heart weight, myocardial fibrosis, and hydroxyproline content. Compared with the isoproterenol group, treatment with ginsenoside Re ameliorated changes in left ventricular systolic pressure, left ventricular end diastolic pressure, and the positive and negative maximal values of the first derivative of left ventricular pressure. Ginsenoside Re administration also resulted in decreased expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in serum and decreased expression of Smad3 and collagen I in heart tissue. Conclusion. Ginsenoside Re can improve isoproterenol-induced myocardial fibrosis and heart failure by regulation of the TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway.

Title

Ginsenoside Re Improves Isoproterenol-Induced Myocardial Fibrosis and Heart Failure in Rats.

Author

Wang QW1, Yu XF2, Xu HL2, Zhao XZ1, Sui DY2.

Publish date

2019 Jan 1

PMID

29748959

Abstract

Ginsenoside Re, an active ingredient in Panax ginseng, is widely used as a therapeutic and nutriment. The intestinal microbiota plays crucial roles in modulating the pharmacokinetics and pharmacological actions of ginsenoside Re. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between bacterial community variety and the metabolic profiles of ginsenoside Re. We developed two models with intestinal dysbacteriosis: a pseudo-germ-free model induced by a nonabsorbable antimicrobial mixture (ATM), and Qi-deficiency model established via over-fatigue and acute cold stress (OACS). First, the bacterial community structures in control, ATM and OACS rats were compared via 16S ribosomal RNA amplicon sequencing. Then, the gut microbial metabolism of ginsenoside Re was assessed qualitatively and quantitatively in the three groups by UPLC-Q-TOF/MS and HPLC-TQ-MS, respectively. Ten metabolites of ginsenoside Re were detected and tentatively identified, three of which were novel. Moreover, owing to significant differences in bacterial communities, deglycosylated products, as the main metabolites of ginsenoside Re, were produced at lower levels in ATM and OACS models. Importantly, the levels of these deglycosylated metabolites correlated with alterations in Prevotella, Lactobacillus and Bacteroides populations, as well as glycosidase activities. Collectively, biotransformation of ginsenoside Re is potentially influenced by regulation of the composition of intestinal microbiota and glycosidase activities.

© 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Lt

KEYWORDS

HPLC-TQ-MS;16S rRNA; UPLC-Q-TOF/MS; ginsenoside Re; gut microbiota; metabolism

Title

Changes in intestinal microbiota affect metabolism of ginsenoside Re.

Author

Zhang L1, Li F2, Qin WJ1, Fu C2, Zhang XL1.

Publish date

2018 Oct


Description :

Ginsenoside Re is an extract from Panax notoginseng. Ginsenoside Re decreases the β-amyloid protein (Aβ). Ginsenoside Re plays a role in antiinflammation through inhibition of JNK and NF-κB.