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Ginsenoside Rg3

$78

  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-G1015

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 14197-60-5

  • Formula : C42H72O13

  • Molecular Weight : 785.02

  • PUBCHEM ID : 9918693

  • Volume : 20mg

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Catalogue Number

BF-G1015

Analysis Method

HPLC,NMR,MS

Specification

98%

Storage

-20℃

Molecular Weight

785.02

Appearance

White crystalline powder

Botanical Source

Panax ginseng,Panax notoginseng,Centella asiatica

Structure Type

Terpenoids

Category

Standards;Natural Pytochemical;API

SMILES

CC(=CCCC(C)(C1CCC2(C1C(CC3C2(CCC4C3(CCC(C4(C)C)OC5C(C(C(C(O5)CO)O)O)OC6C(C(C(C(O6)CO)O)O)O)C)C)O)C)O)C

Synonyms

β-D-Glucopyranoside, (3β,12β)-12,20-dihydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-/20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3/opyransoyl)oxy)/Ginsenoside 20(s)-Rg3/GinsenosideRg3/GINSENOSIDE Rg3(SH)/(20S)-PROPANAXADIOL/(3β,12β)-12,20-Dihydroxydammar-24-en-3-yl 2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside/20S-Ginseniside Rg3/Ginsenoside Rg3/20(S)-Ginsenoside-Rg3

IUPAC Name

(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-2-[[(3S,5R,8R,9R,10R,12R,13R,14R,17S)-12-hydroxy-17-[(2S)-2-hydroxy-6-methylhept-5-en-2-yl]-4,4,8,10,14-pentamethyl-2,3,5,6,7,9,11,12,13,15,16,17-dodecahydro-1H-cyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-yl]oxy]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol

Density

1.3±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Methanol

Flash Point

489.0±34.3 °C

Boiling Point

885.0±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

315-318°C

InChl

InChl Key

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

2932990000

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:14197-60-5) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

PMID

31759043

Abstract

AIMS:
The present study aims to evaluate the analgesic effect of ginsenoside Rg3 in different mouse pain models.

MAIN METHODS:
Formalin-, carrageenan- and S180 tumor cells induced mouse pain models were built in the study. The licking and biting time and PEG2 contents in the inflammatory sites were measured. The excitatory and inhibitory amino acids in the brains were determined by pre-column derivation FLD-HPLC method.

KEY FINDING:
We have found that ginsenoside Rg3 treated the pain phases and decreased the PGE2 in formalin and carrageenan induced models, respectively. It significantly increased the contents of EAAs (Asp and Glu) in the brains of S180 tumor inducing pain mice, meanwhile, the IAAs (Gly, Tau and GABA) decreased.

SIGNIFICANCE:
Our results revealed that ginsenoside Rg3 acted central and peripheral analgesic effect and regulated the inflammatory factors and pain-related amino acids. It could re-balance the abnormal EAAs/IAAs value when the pain occurred. The analgesic mechanism and the clinical application of ginsenoside Rg3 need be evaluated furtherly.

Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

KEYWORDS

Analgesic effect; Excitatory and inhibitory amino acids; Ginsenoside Rg3; Mouse pain models; Peripheral and central antinociception

Title

Analgesic effect and related amino acids regulation of ginsenoside Rg3 in mouse pain models

Author

Sun YQ1, Shi SD1, Zheng Y1, Liu YR1, Wang S2, Fu L2, Dai CM3.

Publish date

2019 Dec 15;

PMID

31527568

Abstract

BACKGROUND Ginsenosides, including ginsenoside Rg3, are components of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer (Araliaceae) used in traditional Chinese medicine. Long-term peritoneal dialysis induces peritoneal fibrosis that impairs ultrafiltration and is associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of peritoneal cells. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rg3 on EMT induced by transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) in HMrSV5 human peritoneal mesothelial cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay measured HMrSV5 cell viability. The expression of EMT markers, E-cadherin, vimentin, and alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) were measured by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The wound-healing assay determined cell migration. The S-phase of the cell cycle was assessed by 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) labeling, and expression of phosphorylated AKT was measured by Western blot. The effect of ginsenoside Rg3 and the AKT activator SC79 on the TGF-ß1-induced EMT of HMrSV5 cells were evaluated. RESULTS Low concentration of ginsenoside Rg3 did not effect cell viability of HMrSV5 cells. TGF-ß1 treatment decreased the expression of E-cadherin, and increased the expression of vimentin and alpha-SMA and promoted cell migration of HMrSV5 cells. However, co-treatment of ginsenoside Rg3 and TGF-ß1 significantly reduced TGF-ß1-induced EMT in HMrSV5 cells. TGF-ß1 increased the phosphorylation of AKT and increased the expression of Smurf2. Ginsenoside Rg3 reduced TGF-ß1-induced activation of AKT and Smurf2. SC79 reversed the effects of ginsenoside Rg3 on TGF-ß1-induced EMT in HMrSV5 cells. CONCLUSIONS Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibited EMT induced by TGF-ß1 in HMrSV5 human peritoneal mesothelial cells by inhibiting the activation of AKT.

Title

Ginsenoside Rg3 Reduces Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Induced by Transforming Growth Factor-β1 by Inactivation of AKT in HMrSV5 Peritoneal Mesothelial Cells.

Author

2019 Sep 17

Publish date

2019 Sep 17

PMID

31422666

Abstract

Ginseng, the roots and rhizomes of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, is used not only as a herbal medicine but also as a functional food to support body functions. Ginsenoside Rg3 (GRg3) is a major bioactive component in ginseng. In this study, the beneficial effects of GRg3 on rats with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) were evaluated via the behavioral experiment and antioxidant capacity. Moreover, metabolomic analysis based on UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS and apoptosis analysis was used to obtain the change between AD and GRg3-administrated rats to assess the underlying mechanisms on improving mitochondrial dysfunction. Results showed that GRg3 could prevent the cognitive impairment of AD rats by improving the mitochondrial dysfunction. The potential mechanisms were related to regulate the abnormality of energy metabolism, electron transport chain, amino acid metabolism, purine metabolism, and antiapoptosis. These findings support the exploitation of GRg3 as an effective complementary and functional food to prevent and delay AD.

KEYWORDS

Alzheimer’s disease; apoptosis; ginsenoside Rg3; metabolomics; mitochondrial dysfunction

Title

Ginsenoside Rg3 Prevents Cognitive Impairment by Improving Mitochondrial Dysfunction in the Rat Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

Author

Zhang Y, Yang X1, Wang S, Song S.

Publish date

2019 Sep 11;


Description :

Ginsenoside Rg3 is the main component of Red ginseng. Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits Na+ and hKv1.4 channel with IC50s of 32.2±4.5 and 32.6±2.2 μM, respectively. Ginsenoside Rg3 also inhibits Aβ levels, NF-κB activity, and COX-2 expression.