Cardenolides and its Sapogenins
Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.
869.6±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:2446-63-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
The use of heroin during Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) is a challenging problem that contributes to poor treatment outcomes. Families may play an important role in addressing concurrent heroin use during MMT, especially in collectivist societies such as China.
In this study, we explored the relationship between family-related factors and concurrent heroin use during MMT in China.
This study was conducted at 68 MMT clinics in five provinces of China. There were 2,446 MMT clients in the analysis. Demographic information, MMT dosage, family members’ heroin use status, family support of MMT, family problem and self-reported heroin use were collected in a cross-sectional survey. The most recent urinalysis of opiate use was obtained from clinical records.
Of the 2,446 participants, 533 (21.79%) self-reported heroin use in the previous seven days or had a positive urine morphine test result in the clinic record. Participants whose family member[s] used heroin were 1.59 times (95% CI: 1.17-, 2.15) more likely to use concurrently during treatment. Those with family members who totally support them on the MMT were less likely to use (AOR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.60, 0.94). Having more family problems was positively associated with concurrent heroin use (AOR: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.03, 3.93).
The results highlight the importance of the family’s role in concurrent heroin use during MMT programs. The study’s findings may have implications for family-based interventions that address concurrent heroin use.
Family, Heroin use, Methadone Maintenance Treatment, China
Family Related Factors and Concurrent Heroin Use in Methadone Maintenance Treatment in China
Nan Feng,a Chunqing Lin,a Julie Hsieh,a Keming Rou,b and Li Lia
2019 Aug 24.
The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) process is a promising novel option for removing nitrogen from wastewater. In this study it was shown that the Anammox process was inhibited reversibly by the presence of oxygen. Furthermore, aerobic nitrifiers were shown not to play an important role in the Anammox process.
Effects of Aerobic and Microaerobic Conditions on Anaerobic Ammonium-Oxidizing (Anammox) Sludge
M. Strous, E. Van Gerven, J. G. Kuenen, and M. Jetten
New 1′-homocarbanucleoside analogs with an optically active substituted bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane skeleton as sugar moiety were synthesized. The pyrimidine analogs with uracil, 5-fluorouracil, thymine and cytosine and key intermediate with 6-chloropurine (5) as nucleobases were synthesized by a selective Mitsunobu reaction on the primary hydroxymethyl group in the presence of 5-endo-hydroxyl group. Adenine and 6-substituted adenine homonucleosides were obtained by the substitution of the 6-chlorine atom of the key intermediate 5 with ammonia and selected amines, and 6-methoxy- and 6-ethoxy substituted purine homonucleosides by reaction with the corresponding alkoxides. No derivatives appeared active against entero, yellow fever, chikungunya, and adeno type 1viruses. Two compounds (6j and 6d) had lower IC50 (15 ± 2 and 21 ± 4 µM) and compound 6f had an identical value of IC50 (28 ± 4 µM) to that of acyclovir, suggesting that the bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane skeleton could be further studied to find a candidate for sugar moiety of the nucleosides.
1′-homocarbonucleosides, bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane nucleosides, 6-chloropurine, 6-substituted adenine nucleosides, antiviral activity, herpesviruses, molecular docking
New HSV-1 Anti-Viral 1′-Homocarbocyclic Nucleoside Analogs with an Optically Active Substituted Bicyclo[2.2.1]Heptane Fragment as a Glycoside Moiety
Constantin I. Tănase,1,* Constantin Drăghici,2 Anamaria Hanganu,2 Lucia Pintilie,1 Maria Maganu,2 Alexandrina Volobueva,3 Ekaterina Sinegubova,3 Vladimir V. Zarubaev,3 Johan Neyts,4 Dirk Jochmans,4 and Alexander V. Slita4