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provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:87-51-4) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Making municipal sludge into garden soil is a challenging issue in land using due to the high content of heavy metals, however phytoremediation can reduce the heavy metal pollution in the soil. Three artificial regulators were used in combination to improve phytoremediation of heavy metals by Bryophyllum laetivirens from municipal sludge made garden (MSMG) soil. Results showed that B. laetivirens grew well in MSMG soil and bioaccumulated Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, and Ni by 2.16-11.0 times higher than those grew in local common garden soil. The application of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and microbial liquid (BL) promoted the bioaccumulation of heavy metals of plants in MSMG soil, with 2.1-6.8 times than the control group. The optimum dose for the phytoremediation of B. laetivirens was the combining treatment of 3 mmol kg-1 EDTA, 10-10 M IAA, and 5 ml kg-1 BL, which has been successfully applied in MSMG soil. EDTA treatment is more direct and effective in facilitating HM uptake of root, while the other two treatments play important roles in promoting the transport of HMs in plants.
Crassulaceae plant; Heavy metals; Land use of sludge; Phytoremediation.
Chemical reagent-assisted phytoextraction of heavy metals by Bryophyllum laetivirens from garden soil made of sludge
Feili Li 1, Feng Yang 2, Yihao Chen 2, Hui Jin 2, Yaling Leng 2, Jiade Wang 3
Demand for agricultural crop continues to escalate in response to increasing population and damage of prime cropland for cultivation. Research interest is diverted to utilize soils with marginal plant production. Moisture stress has negative impact on crop growth and productivity. The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) and plant growth regulators (PGR) are vital for plant developmental process under moisture stress. The current study was carried out to investigate the effect of PGPR and PGRs (Salicylic acid and Putrescine) on the physiological activities of chickpea grown in sandy soil. The bacterial isolates were characterized based on biochemical characters including Gram-staining, P-solubilisation, antibacterial and antifungal activities and catalases and oxidases activities and were also screened for the production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and ammonia (NH3). The bacterial strains were identified as Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus megaterium based on the results of 16S-rRNA gene sequencing. Chickpea seeds of two varieties (Punjab Noor-2009 and 93127) differing in sensitivity to drought were soaked for 3 h before sowing in fresh grown cultures of isolates. Both the PGRs were applied (150 mg/L), as foliar spray on 20 days old seedlings of chickpea. Moisture stress significantly reduced the physiological parameters but the inoculation of PGPR and PGR treatment effectively ameliorated the adverse effects of moisture stress. The result showed that chickpea plants treated with PGPR and PGR significantly enhanced the chlorophyll, protein and sugar contents. Shoot and root fresh (81%) and dry weights (77%) were also enhanced significantly in the treated plants. Leaf proline content, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes (CAT, APOX, POD and SOD) were increased in reaction to drought stress but decreased due to PGPR. The plant height (61%), grain weight (41%), number of nodules (78%) and pod (88%), plant yield (76%), pod weight (53%) and total biomass (54%) were higher in PGPR and PGR treated chickpea plants grown in sandy soil. It is concluded from the present study that the integrative use of PGPR and PGRs is a promising method and eco-friendly strategy for increasing drought tolerance in crop plants.
Impacts of plant growth promoters and plant growth regulators on rainfed agriculture
Naeem Khan 1, Asghari M D Bano 2, Ali Babar 1
2020 Apr 9
In plants, tolerance to cadmium (Cd) stress is closely related to indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). However, it is unclear whether Cd-resistant and -sensitive varieties respond differently to Cd stress. In this study, the effects of dimethylthiourea (DMTU, a H2O2 scavenger) and p-chlorophenoxy isobutyric acid (PCIB, an IAA signaling inhibitor) on root growth, endogenous hormones and antioxidant system were investigated to decipher how DMTU and PCIB treatments alleviate the inhibition of root elongation in Cd-resistant (Commander) and -sensitive (Crossfire III) tall fescue varieties under Cd stress. Both varieties subjected to 10 μM Cd treatments for 12 h presented a substantial decrease in root elongation coupled with a reduction in brassinosteroid (BR) and zeatin riboside (ZR) contents, but the changes in IAA and abscisic acid (ABA) contents under Cd stress were opposite in the two varieties. In addition, the H2O2 content and antioxidant enzyme activities significantly increased in both varieties. However, pretreatment with PCIB or DMTU mitigated the inhibition of root elongation caused by Cd, accompanied by the significant changes of aforementioned physiological parameters. PCIB significantly reduced the IAA content in ‘Commander’, while DMTU significantly increased the IAA content in ‘Crossfire III’ and effectively relieved the inhibition of root elongation. But both treatments decreased the Cd-induced H2O2 accumulation. These results indicated that DMTU or PCIB can alleviate the Cd-inhibited root elongation in two varieties whose resistance differed under Cd stress, but they presented differences in the response of hormones, especially IAA, which may be due to the different adaptation mechanisms of two varieties in response to Cd stress.
Cadmium; Hormone; Hydrogen peroxide; Root elongation; Tall fescue.
Comparative study of alleviation effects of DMTU and PCIB on root growth inhibition in two tall fescue varieties under cadmium stress
Mengmeng Han 1, Baoyuan Wang 1, Guilong Song 2, Shengqing Shi 3
2020 Jun 15;