2(3H)-Naphthalenone, 4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4-hydroxy-1,4a-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethenyl)-, (4R,4aR,7R)-/(4R,4aR,7R)-4-Hydroxy-7-isopropenyl-1,4a-dimethyl-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2(3H)-naphthalenone
Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.
367.8±42.0 °C at 760 mmHg
123.5-124.5℃ (isopropyl ether hexane )
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:105108-20-1) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
There has been increasing interest in associations between neighborhood food environments and cardiovascular risk factors. However, results from high-income countries remain inconsistent, and there has been limited research from low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the third wave follow-up of the Andhra Pradesh children and parents study (APCAPS) (n = 5764, median age 28.8 years) in south India. We examined associations between the neighborhood availability (vendor density per km2 within 400 m and 1600 m buffers of households) and accessibility (distance from the household to the nearest vendor) of fruit/vegetable and highly processed/take-away food vendors with 11 cardiovascular risk factors, including adiposity measures, glucose-insulin, blood pressure, and lipid profile. In fully adjusted models, higher density of fruit/vegetable vendors within 400 m of participant households was associated with lower systolic blood pressure [−0.09 mmHg, 95% confidence interval (CI): −0.17, −0.02] and diastolic blood pressure (−0.10 mmHg, 95% CI: −0.17, −0.04). Higher density of highly processed/take-away food vendors within 400 m of participant households was associated with higher Body Mass Index (0.01 Kg/m2, 95% CI: 0.00, 0.01), waist circumference (0.22 mm, 95% CI: 0.05, 0.39), systolic blood pressure (0.03 mmHg, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.06), and diastolic blood pressure (0.03 mmHg, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.05). However, within 1600 m buffer, only association with blood pressure remained robust. No associations were found for between neighborhood accessibility and cardiovascular risk factors. Lower density of fruit/vegetable vendors, and higher density of highly processed/take-away food vendors were associated with adverse cardiovascular risk profiles. Public health policies regarding neighborhood food environments should be encouraged in south India and other rural communities in south Asia
Food environment, Fruit and vegetable, Highly processed and take-away food, Cardiovascular risk factors, APCAPS
Neighborhood physical food environment and cardiovascular risk factors in India: Cross-sectional evidence from APCAPS
Yingjun Li, Poppy Alice Carson Mallinson, Nandita Bhan, Christopher Turner, Santhi Bhogadi, Chitra Sharma, Aastha Aggarwal, Bharati Kulkarni, Sanjay Kinra
Plant Ca2+ signals are involved in a wide array of intracellular signaling pathways after pest invasion. Ca2+-binding sensory proteins such as Ca2+-dependent protein kinases (CPKs) have been predicted to mediate the signaling following Ca2+ influx after insect herbivory. However, until now this prediction was not testable.
To investigate the roles CPKs play in a herbivore response-signaling pathway, we screened the characteristics of Arabidopsis CPK mutants damaged by a feeding generalist herbivore, Spodoptera littoralis. Following insect attack, the cpk3 and cpk13 mutants showed lower transcript levels of plant defensin gene PDF1.2 compared to wild-type plants. The CPK cascade was not directly linked to the herbivory-induced signaling pathways that were mediated by defense-related phytohormones such as jasmonic acid and ethylene. CPK3 was also suggested to be involved in a negative feedback regulation of the cytosolic Ca2+ levels after herbivory and wounding damage. In vitro kinase assays of CPK3 protein with a suite of substrates demonstrated that the protein phosphorylates transcription factors (including ERF1, HsfB2a and CZF1/ZFAR1) in the presence of Ca2+. CPK13 strongly phosphorylated only HsfB2a, irrespective of the presence of Ca2+. Furthermore, in vivo agroinfiltration assays showed that CPK3-or CPK13-derived phosphorylation of a heat shock factor (HsfB2a) promotes PDF1.2 transcriptional activation in the defense response.
These results reveal the involvement of two Arabidopsis CPKs (CPK3 and CPK13) in the herbivory-induced signaling network via HsfB2a-mediated regulation of the defense-related transcriptional machinery. This cascade is not involved in the phytohormone-related signaling pathways, but rather directly impacts transcription factors for defense responses.
Regulation of Arabidopsis defense responses against Spodoptera littoralis by CPK-mediated calcium signaling
Chidananda Nagamangala Kanchiswamy, Hirotaka Takahashi, Stefano Quadro, Massimo E Maffei, Simone Bossi, Cinzia Bertea, Simon Atsbaha Zebelo, Atsushi Muroi, Nobuaki Ishihama, Hirofumi Yoshioka, Wilhelm Boland, Junji Takabayashi, Yaeta Endo, Tatsuya Sawasaki, Gen-ichiro Arimura
Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD), comprising mineral, hormonal, and bone metabolic imbalance, is a major CKD-related issue; it causes osteoporosis prevalence in CKD patients. Osteocyte-derived sclerostin inhibits the osteogenic Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway; its levels rise when kidney function declines. Exercise modulates the physiological functions of osteocytes, potentially altering sclerostin production. It may aid bone and mineral electrolyte homeostasis in CKD. Mild CKD was induced in rats by partial nephrectomy. They were divided into: sham (no CKD), CKD, and CKD + exercise (8 weeks of treadmill running) groups. Micro-CT scanning demonstrated that the CKD + exercise-group rats had a higher bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine and femoral metaphysis and higher femoral trabecular bone volume than the CKD-group rats. Bone formation rates were not significantly different. The CKD + exercise-group rats had lower serum sclerostin (157.1 ± 21.1 vs 309 ± 38.1 pg/mL, p < 0.05) and CTX-1 (bone resorption marker) levels. Immunohistochemistry revealed higher tibial β-catenin concentrations in the CKD + exercise-group rats. Serum FGF-23, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), calcium, and phosphate levels showed no significant differences between these groups. Thus, exercise improves BMD and bone microstructure in mild CKD by inhibiting sclerostin production, but does not alter serum minerals.
exercise, chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis, sclerostin, chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder
Exercise Alleviates Osteoporosis in Rats with Mild Chronic Kidney Disease by Decreasing Sclerostin Production
Hung-Wei Liao, Tsang-Hai Huang, Yi-Han Chang, Hung-Hsiang Liou, Yu-Hsien Chou, Yuh-Mou Sue, Peir-Haur Hung, Yu-Tzu Chang, Pei-Chuan Ho, Kuen-Jer Tsai