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Lithocholic acid


  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BF-L3001

  • Specification : 98%

  • CAS number : 434-13-9

  • Formula : C24H40O3

  • Molecular Weight : 376.57

  • Volume : 100mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method






Molecular Weight




Botanical Source

This product is isolated and purified from them ox bile.

Structure Type









DMSO : ≥ 150 mg/mL (398.33 mM)
*"≥" means soluble, but saturation unknown.

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InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference


Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:434-13-9) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate




Cholestasis is caused by the obstacle of bile formation or secretion and can develop into severe liver diseases. We previously reported the ethanol extract of Schisandra sphenanthera (Wuzhi tablet, WZ) can significantly protect against lithocholic acid (LCA)-induced intrahepatic cholestasis in mice, partially due to the activation of PXR pathway and promotion of liver regeneration. However, the effect of WZ on the bile acids profile and gut microbiome in cholestastic mice remain unknown. In this study, the effect of WZ against LCA-induced liver injury was evaluated and its effect on the bile acids metabolome and gut microbiome profiles in cholestastic mice was further investigated. Targeted metabolomics analysis was performed to examine the change of bile acids in the serum, liver, intestine and feces. The change of intestinal flora were detected by the genomics method. Targeted metabolomics analysis revealed that WZ enhanced the excretion of bile acids from serum and liver to intestine and feces. Genomics analysis of gut microbiome showed that WZ can reverse LCA-induced gut microbiome disorder to the normal level. In conclusion, WZ protects against LCA-induced cholestastic liver injury by reversing abnormal bile acids profiles and alteration of gut microbiome.


Bile acids; Cholestasis; Gut microbiome; Metabolome; Schisandra sphenanthera; Wuzhi tablet.


Targeted bile acids and gut microbiome profiles reveal the hepato-protective effect of WZ tablet (Schisandra sphenanthera extract) against LCA-induced cholestasis


Dong-Shun Li 1, Quan-Fei Huang 1, Li-Huan Guan 1, Hui-Zhen Zhang 1, Xi Li 1, Kai-Li Fu 1, Yi-Xin Chen 1, Jian-Bo Wan 2, Min Huang 1, Hui-Chang Bi 3

Publish date

2020 Mar;




Human clonorchiasis, caused by Clonorchis sinensis, is endemic in East Asian countries. C. sinensis metacercariae excyst in the duodenum of mammalian hosts, migrate to the intrahepatic bile duct, and mature into adults in the milieu of bile. We have previously shown that newly excysted juvenile C. sinensis move chemotactically toward bile and bile acids. Here, the chemotactic behavior of adult C. sinensis (CsAd) toward bile and bile acids was investigated. CsAds moved toward 0.05-5% bile and were most attracted to 0.5% bile but moved away from 10% bile. Upon exposure to 1-10% bile, CsAds eventually stopped moving and then died quickly. Among bile acids, CsAds showed strong chemotaxis toward cholic acid (CA) and deoxycholic acid. On the contrary, CsAds repelled from lithocholic acid (LCA). Moreover, at higher than 10 mM LCA, CsAds became sluggish and eventually died. Dopamine D1 receptor antagonists (LE-300 and SKF-83566), D2/3 receptor antagonists (raclopride and its derivative CS-49612), and a dopamine re-uptake inhibitor inhibited CA-induced chemotaxis of CsAds almost completely. Clinically used antipsychotic drugs, namely chlorpromazine, haloperidol, and clozapine, are dopaminergic antagonists and are secreted into bile. They completely inhibited chemotaxis of CsAds toward CA. At the maximum doses used to treat patients, the three tested medicines only expelled 2-12% of CsAds from the experimentally infected rabbits, but reduced egg production by 64-79%. Thus, antipsychotic medicines with dopaminergic antagonism could be considered as new anthelmintic candidates for human C. sinensis infections.


Dopaminergic antagonists inhibit bile chemotaxis of adult Clonorchis sinensis and its egg production


Fuhong Dai 1 2, Jin-Ho Song 3, Yeon Pyo Hong 4, Xuelian Bai 1 5, Woon-Mok Sohn 6, Sung-Jong Hong 1

Publish date

2020 Mar 30




Bile acids are abundant in the mammalian gut, where they undergo bacteria-mediated transformation to generate a large pool of bioactive molecules. Although bile acids are known to affect host metabolism, cancer progression and innate immunity, it is unknown whether they affect adaptive immune cells such as T helper cells that express IL-17a (TH17 cells) or regulatory T cells (Treg cells). Here we screen a library of bile acid metabolites and identify two distinct derivatives of lithocholic acid (LCA), 3-oxoLCA and isoalloLCA, as T cell regulators in mice. 3-OxoLCA inhibited the differentiation of TH17 cells by directly binding to the key transcription factor retinoid-related orphan receptor-γt (RORγt) and isoalloLCA increased the differentiation of Treg cells through the production of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mitoROS), which led to increased expression of FOXP3. The isoalloLCA-mediated enhancement of Treg cell differentiation required an intronic Foxp3 enhancer, the conserved noncoding sequence (CNS) 3; this represents a mode of action distinct from that of previously identified metabolites that increase Treg cell differentiation, which require CNS1. The administration of 3-oxoLCA and isoalloLCA to mice reduced TH17 cell differentiation and increased Treg cell differentiation, respectively, in the intestinal lamina propria. Our data suggest mechanisms through which bile acid metabolites control host immune responses, by directly modulating the balance of TH17 and Treg cells.


Bile acid metabolites control T H 17 and T reg cell differentiation


Saiyu Hang 1, Donggi Paik 1, Lina Yao 2, Eunha Kim 1, Jamma Trinath 3, Jingping Lu 4, Soyoung Ha 1, Brandon N Nelson 5, Samantha P Kelly 5, Lin Wu 6, Ye Zheng 7, Randy S Longman 8, Fraydoon Rastinejad 4, A Sloan Devlin 2, Michael R Krout 5, Michael A Fischbach 9, Dan R Littman 10 11, Jun R Huh 12 13

Publish date

2019 Dec

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