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  • Brand : BIOFRON

  • Catalogue Number : BN-O1809

  • Specification : 95%(HPLC)

  • CAS number : 28360-49-8

  • Formula : C23H25NO2

  • Molecular Weight : 347.45

  • PUBCHEM ID : 36689305

  • Volume : 5mg

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Catalogue Number


Analysis Method





Molecular Weight




Botanical Source

This product is isolated and purified from the leaves of Murraya koenigii

Structure Type









Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.

Flash Point

Boiling Point

Melting Point


InChl Key


WGK Germany


HS Code Reference

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:28360-49-8) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.




Insulin resistance is a major defect underlying type 2 diabetes development. Skeletal muscle tissue and adipocyte tissue are the major sites of postprandial glucose disposal, and enhancing glucose uptake into this tissue may decrease insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes patients. Mahanine (3,11-dihydro-3,5-dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)pyrano[3,2-a]carbazol-9-ol) has been reported to be a major bioactive carbazole alkaloid that has many biological activities including antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities. However, the molecular mechanism and signaling pathways mediating the anti-diabetic effects of mahanine require further investigation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of mahanine, a carbazole alkaloid from Murraya koenigii, on glucose uptake and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation in skeletal muscle and adipocyte cells. Mahanine treatment promoted a dose dependent increased in glucose uptake in L6 myotubes and adipocyte cells via activation of the Akt signaling pathway. Mahanine induced Akt-activation was reversed by co-treatment with wortmannin, an Akt inhibitor. Moreover, it was found that mahanine significantly enhanced GLUT4 translocation to the plasma membrane in L6 myotubes. These results suggest that increased activation of the Akt signaling pathway lead to increased plasma membrane GLUT4 content and increased glucose uptake. These data strongly suggest that mahanine has anti-diabetic potential for treating diabetes.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Adipocyte cells; GLUT4 translocation; Glucose uptake; Mahanine; Skeletal muscle


Mahanine enhances the glucose-lowering mechanisms in skeletal muscle and adipocyte cells.


Nooron N1, Athipornchai A2, Suksamrarn A3, Chiabchalard A4.

Publish date

2017 Dec 9




Earlier we have established a carbazole alkaloid (mahanine) isolated from an Indian edible medicinal plant as an anticancer agent with minimal effect on normal cells. Here we report for the first time that mahanine-treated drug resistant and sensitive virulent Leishmania donovani promastigotes underwent apoptosis through phosphatidylserine externalization, DNA fragmentation and cell cycle arrest. An early induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) suggests that the mahanine-induced apoptosis was mediated by oxidative stress. Additionally, mahanine-treated Leishmania-infected macrophages exhibited anti-amastigote activity by nitric oxide (NO)/ROS generation along with suppression of uncoupling protein 2 and Th1-biased cytokines response through modulating STAT pathway. Moreover, we have demonstrated the interaction of a few antioxidant enzymes present in parasite with mahanine through molecular modeling. Reduced genetic and protein level expression of one such enzyme namely ascorbate peroxidase was also observed in mahanine-treated promastigotes. Furthermore, oral administration of mahanine in acute murine model exhibited almost complete reduction of parasite burden, upregulation of NO/iNOS/ROS/IL-12 and T cell proliferation. Taken together, we have established a new function of mahanine as a potent antileishmanial molecule, capable of inducing ROS and exploit antioxidant enzymes in parasite along with modulation of host’s immune response which could be developed as an inexpensive and nontoxic therapeutics either alone or in combination.


Mahanine exerts in vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activity by modulation of redox homeostasis.


Roy S1, Dutta D1, Satyavarapu EM1, Yadav PK2, Mandal C3, Kar S2, Mandal C4.

Publish date

2017 Jun 23




Gliomas are among the most frequent types of primary malignancies in the central nervous system. The main treatment for glioma includes surgical resection followed by a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Despite the availability of several treatments, the average survival for patients with glioma at advanced stages still remains 16 months only. Therefore, there is an urgent need to look for novel and more efficient drug candidates for the treatment of glioma. In the current study the anticancer activity of Mahanine was evaluated against a panel of glioma cells. The results revealed that Mahanine exerted significant anticancer effects on the glioma HS 683 cells with an IC50 of 7.5 μM. However, the cytotoxic effects were less pronounced on the normal human astrocytes. Further the results showed that the anticancer effects were mainly due to induction of apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest. Western blotting showed that Mahanine caused upregulation of Bax, cytochrome c, cleaved caspase 3 and 9 and cleaved PARP. However, the expression of cell cycle related proteins pCdc25c, Cdc25c, pCdc2, Cdc2 and cyclin B1 was significantly downregulated. The effect of Mahanine on the migration and invasion of HS 683 cells was also determined and results indicated that Mahanine inhibited the cell migration and invasion at IC50. Additionally, Mahanine-inhibited cell growth was simultaneous with suppression of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR. Taken together these results indicate that Mahanine may prove to be an important lead molecule for the treatment of glioma and warrants further investigation.

Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Apoptosis; Glioma; Invasion; Mahanine; PI3K/AKT


Mahanine induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, inhibition of cell migration, invasion and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling pathway in glioma cells and inhibits tumor growth in vivo.


Chen M1, Yin X2, Lu C1, Chen X1, Ba H1, Cai J1, Sun J3.

Publish date

2019 Feb 1

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