Yellow crystalline powder
Rhododendron dauricum,Myrica rubra,Abelmoschus manihot,Impatiens balsamina,Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
Delphidenolon 1575/3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)chromen-4-one/3,5,7-Trihydroxy-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-4H-chromen-4-one/3,5,7,3',4',5'-hexahydroxyflavonol/2-(3,4,5-TRIHYDROXYPHENYL)-3,5,7-TRIHYDROXY-4H-1-BENZOPYRAN-4-ONE/Myricitin/Myricetin/Cannabiscetin/3,5,7-Trihydroxy-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one/Myricetol/3 3' 4' 5 5' 7-hexahydroxyflavone/4H-1-Benzopyran-4-one, 3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)-/3,5,7,3',4',5'-Hexahydroxyflavone/3,3',4',5,5',7-hexahydroxyflavone
Methanol; Ethyl Acetate
747.6±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:529-44-2) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
As gastro-intestinal nematodes (GINs) become increasingly resistant to chemical anthelmintics, and because consumers scrutinize chemical residues in animal products, the use of herbal anthelmintics and in particular, phenolic compounds, has become attractive. Most life stages of GINs cannot be grown in the lab as they are obligatory parasites, which limits our understanding of the effects of phenolic compounds on their parasitic stages of life. We hypothesized that a species phylogenetically close to GINs and grown in vitro, the insect-parasitic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Rhabditida; Heterorhabditiade), when fed with Photorhabdus luminescens exposed to plant phenolics, can serve, as proxy for strongyles, in assessing the anthelmintic effects of phenolic compounds. We compared the development of H. bacteriophora infective juveniles (IJ) and the exsheathment rate of L3 larvae of the strongyle Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis when exposed to catechin, rutin, chlorogenic and gallic acids, and myricetin. Gallic acid had the highest impact in terms of IJ mortality but the highest impairment of IJ development to adulthood was imposed by myricetin. The studied compounds were not lethal to GINs stricto sensu but we consider that the practical implications of total exsheathment inhibition and mortality on GIN populations are similar. Catechin and rutin had similar effects on rhabditid and strongyles: they imposed ca. 90% lethality of IJs at concentrations higher than 1200 ppm and the remaining live IJs did not develop further, and they also totally inhibited strongyle L3 exsheathment in a dose-response fashion. Gallic acid was 100% lethal to IJs exposed above 300 ppm and chlorogenic acid caused 87% mortality above 1200 ppm, with no development for the surviving IJs but for all lower concentrations, all the IJs developed to adult stages. Likewise, gallic and chlorogenic acids did not affect the exsheatment of GIN L3 larvae. Therefore, a discrepancy between the effects of gallic and chlorogenic acids on the development of rhabditid IJs and exsheathment of GIN L3 larvae was found only when they were exposed to high concentrations. A dose-response of IJ lethality to myricetin was found, with no IJ development between 150 and 2400 ppm; but contrary to the other compounds, myricetin also impaired IJ development of IJs above 10 ppm in a dose-response manner and showed dose-responses in the L3 exsheathment. Apart for the high rates of lethality imposed on IJs by gallic and chlorogenic acids at high concentration, these results suggest that H. bacteriophora fed P. luminescens exposed to phenolics shows potential to serve as model in studies of the anthelmintic effects of phenolics in GIN.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Helminths; Nematode; Photorhabdus luminescens; Rhabditids; Strongyles
Can an entomopathogenic nematode serve, as proxy for strongyles, in assessing the anthelmintic effects of phenolic compounds?
Landau SY1, Santhi VS2, Glazer I2, Salame L2, Muklada H3, Haj-Zaroubi M4, Awwad S4, Markovics A5, Azaizeh H6.
Myricetin (Myr) is a phytochemical with many functional properties. However, its hydrophobicity, low bioavailability, and stability limit its application. In this study, octadecanoate oat β-glucan (OGE) was synthesized and gained recognition as a self-assembled micelle forming a polymer with a critical micelle concentration (CMC) of 59.4 μg/mL. The Myr-loaded OGE micelle was then prepared and characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) spectra. The water solubility of Myr was greatly enhanced by forming the Myr/OGE inclusion complex. Consequently, compared to free Myr, the retention of Myr in Myr-loaded OGE micelle was effectively increased during the intestinal digestion phase, and its antioxidant activity was also improved. Overall, our findings demonstrated the potential applications of OGE polymer for the development of prospective micelle in health food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical fields because they can aid in the delivery of hydrophobic functional compounds like Myr.
amphiphilicity; micelle; myricetin; phytochemicals; self-assembly
Hydrophobically Modified Glucan as an Amphiphilic Carbohydrate Polymer for Micellar Delivery of Myricetin.
Yang W1, Guo L2, Li F3, Liu X4, Nie S5, Xie M6, Huang D7.
2019 Oct 17
The growth promoting activities of the isolated endophyte Aspergillus terreus from Aloe barbendsis was studied in the salt stressed Pennisetum glaucum (pearl millet). A significant (P = 0.05) increase in the root-shoot lengths, fresh and dry weights and chlorophyll content of pearl millet seedlings was noticed after colonization by A. terreus under normal conditions. At 100 mM NaCl stress and A. terreus inoculation, the growth rate of pearl millet seedlings were significantly (P = 0.05) inhibited. Furthermore, the IAA production, relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll, soluble sugar, phenol and flavonoid contents were significantly decreased, whereas proline content and lipid peroxidation were increased. On the contrary, pearl millet seedlings inoculated with A. terreus retained significantly (P = 0.05) higher amounts of RWC, chlorophyll, soluble sugar, phenol and flavonoid contents under 100 mM salt stress. The higher IAA production in A. terreus associated seedlings rescued the plant growth and development under salt stress. Moreover, the LC MS/MS analysis of A. terreus cultural filtrate revealed the presence of quinic acid, ellagic acid, calycosin, wogonin, feruloylquinic acid, caffeic acid phenylethyl ester, D-glucoside, myricetin, propoxyphene and aminoflunitrazepam. The results of the study conclude that innoculation of A. terreus improves the NaCl tolerance in pearl millet by ameliorating the physicochemical attributes of the host plants.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Aspergillus terreus; Endophytic fungi; Pennisetum glaucum; Physicochemical attributes; Salinity tolerance
Salt stress alleviation in Pennisetum glaucum through secondary metabolites modulation by Aspergillus terreus.
Khushdil F1, Jan FG1, Jan G1, Hamayun M2, Iqbal A3, Hussain A1, Bibi N1.
Myricetin is a common plant-derived flavonoid with a wide range of activities including strong anti-oxidant, anticancer, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activities.