Off-White crystalline powder
peel of Citrus maxima
Neosperidin Dihydro halcone/NEOHESPERIDINE DC/Neohesperidine hydrate/3,5-Dihydroxy-4-[3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)propanoyl]phenyl 2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside/neohesperidine dihydrochalcone/Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone Hydrate/1-[4-[[2-O-(6-Deoxy-a-L-mannopyranosyl)-b-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-2,6-dihydroxyphenyl]-3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-1-propanone/Neohesperidin dc/Dihydrohesperetin-7-O-neohesperidoside/E-959/Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone/1-Propanone, 1-[4-[[2-O-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy]-2,6-dihydroxyphenyl]-3-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-/NEOHESPERIDIN DIHYDROCHALONE/Nhdc/Neohesperidin DHC/Neosperidin dihydrochalcone
Methanol; Ethanol; Water
927.1±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:20702-77-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Obesity, characterized by excess lipid accumulation, has emerged as a leading public health problem. Excessive, adipocyte-induced lipid accumulation raises the risk of metabolic disorders. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that can be obtained from abundant adipose tissue. High fat mass could be caused by an increase in the size (hypertrophy) and number (hyperplasia) of adipocytes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the adipogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). Lowering the level of ROS is important to blocking or retarding the adipogenic differentiation of hASCs. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is a transcription factor that mediates various antioxidant enzymes and regulates cellular ROS levels. Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC), widely used as artificial sweetener, has been shown to have significant free radical scavenging activity. In the present study, (E)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (CTP), a novel NHDC analogue, was synthesized and examined to determine whether it could inhibit adipogenic differentiation. The inhibition of adipogenic differentiation in hASCs was tested using NHDC and CTP. In the CTP group, reduced Oil Red O staining was observed compared with the differentiation group. CTP treatment also downregulated the expression of PPAR-γ and C/EBP-α, adipogenic differentiation markers in hASCs, compared to the adipogenic differentiation group. The expression of FAS and SREBP-1 decreased in the CTP group, along with the fluorescent intensity (amount) of ROS. Expression of the Nrf2 protein was slightly decreased in the differentiation group. Meanwhile, in both the NHDC and CTP groups, Nrf2 expression was restored to the level of the control group. Moreover, the expression of HO-1 and NQO-1 increased significantly in the CTP group. Taken together, these results suggest that CTP treatment suppresses the adipogenic differentiation of hASCs by decreasing intracellular ROS, possibly through activation of the Nrf2 cytoprotective pathway. Thus, the use of bioactive substances such as CTP, which activates Nrf2 to reduce the cellular level of ROS and inhibit the adipogenic differentiation of hASCs, could be a new strategy for overcoming obesity.
Nrf2; adipogenic differentiation; adipose stem cells; neohesperidin dihydrochalcone; reactive oxygen species
Novel Neohesperidin Dihydrochalcone Analogue Inhibits Adipogenic Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Stem Cells through the Nrf2 Pathway.
Han GE1, Kang HT2, Chung S3, Lim C4, Linton JA5, Lee JH6, Kim W7, Kim SH8, Lee JH9.
2018 Jul 29
The role of sweet taste in energy intake and satiety regulation is still controversial. Noncaloric artificial sweeteners (NCSs) are thought to help reduce energy intake, although little is known about their impact on the satiating neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT). In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, 5-HT regulates gastric acid secretion and gastric motility, both part of the complex network of mechanisms regulating food intake and satiety. This study demonstrated a stimulating impact compared to controls (100%) on 5-HT release in human gastric tumor cells (HGT-1) by the NCSs cyclamate (50 mM, 157% ± 6.3%), acesulfame potassium (Ace K, 50 mM, 197% ± 8.6%), saccharin (50 mM, 147% ± 6.7%), sucralose (50 mM, 194% ± 11%), and neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC, 1 mM, 201% ± 13%). Although these effects were not associated with the sweet taste intensity of the NCSs tested, involvement of the sweet receptor subunit T1R3 in the NCS-evoked response was demonstrated by mRNA expression of TAS1R3, co-incubation experiments using the T1R3 receptor antagonist lactisole, and a TAS1R3 siRNA knockdown approach. Analysis of the downstream signaling revealed activation of the cAMP/ERK/Ca2+ cascade. Co-treatment experiments with 10 mM glucose enhanced the 5-HT release induced by cyclamate, Ace K, saccharin, and sucralose, thereby supporting the enhancing effect of glucose on a NCS-mediated response. Overall, the results obtained identify NCSs as potent inducers of 5-HT release via T1R3 in human gastric parietal cells in culture and warrant in vivo studies to demonstrate their efficacy.
HGT-1 cells; artificial noncaloric sweeteners; serotonin; sweet taste receptor
Noncaloric Sweeteners Induce Peripheral Serotonin Secretion via the T1R3-Dependent Pathway in Human Gastric Parietal Tumor Cells (HGT-1).
Zopun M1, Lieder B1,2, Holik AK1, Ley JP3, Hans J3, Somoza V1,4.
2018 Jul 11
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is a lethal clinical syndrome characterized by the activation of macrophages and the increased production of inflammatory mediators. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC), a widely-used low caloric artificial sweetener against FHF. An FHF experimental model was established in mice by intraperitoneal injection of D-galactosamine (d-GalN) (400mg/kg)/lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (10 μg/kg). Mice were orally administered NHDC for 6 continuous days and at 1h before d-GalN/LPS administration. RAW264.7 macrophages were used as an in vitro model. Cells were pre-treated with NHDC for 1h before stimulation with LPS (10 μg/ml) for 6h. d-GalN/LPS markedly increased the serum transaminase activities and levels of oxidative and inflammatory markers, which were significantly attenuated by NHDC. Mechanistic analysis indicated that NHDC inhibited LPS-induced myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and TIR-containing adapter molecule (TRIF)-dependent signaling. Transient transfection of TLR4 or MyD88 siRNA inhibited the downstream inflammatory signaling. This effect could also be achieved by the pretreatment with NHDC. The fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry results suggested that NHDC potently inhibited the binding of LPS to TLR4 in RAW264.7 macrophages. In addition, the inhibitory effect of NHDC on LPS-induced translocation of TLR4 into lipid raft domains played an important role in the amelioration of production of downstream pro-inflammatory molecules. Furthermore, the activation of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) by NHDC inhibited TLR4 signaling. In conclusion, our results suggest that NHDC attenuates d-GalN/LPS-induced FHF by inhibiting the TLR4-mediated inflammatory pathway, demonstrating a new application of NHDC as a hepatoprotective agent.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
D-galactosamine; Endotoxin; Fulminant hepatic failure; Inflammation; Lipid raft; Lipopolysaccharide; MyD88; NF-κB; Nrf2; ROS; Toll-like receptor 4
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone down-regulates MyD88-dependent and -independent signaling by inhibiting endotoxin-induced trafficking of TLR4 to lipid rafts.
Xia X1, Fu J1, Song X1, Shi Q1, Su C1, Song E1, Song Y2.
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone is a synthetic glycoside chalcone, is added to various foods and beverages as a low caloric artificial sweetener.