GYPENOSIDE IX/SS-D-GLUCOPYRANOSIDE, (3SS,12SS)-3-(SS-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYLOXY)-12-HYDROXYDAMMAR-24-EN-20-YL 6-O-SS-D-XYLOPYRANOSYL-/Gypenoside/Gynostemma Extract/Stevenleaf
Soluble in DMSO > 10 mM
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:80321-63-7) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Gypenoside IX (GP IX) is a pure compound isolated from Panax notoginseng. Gypenosides have been implicated to benefit the recovery of enormous neurological disorders. By suppressing the activation of astrocytes, gypenosides can improve the cognitive impairment. However, so far, little is known about whether GP IX could restrain the inflammatory responses in astrocytes or reactive astrogliosis. In present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of GP IX were investigated in reactive astrocytes induced by proinflammatory mediators both in vitro and in vivo. GP IX significantly reduced the production of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) at either protein or mRNA level in glial cell line C6 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/TNF-α combination. It also alleviated the astrogliosis and decreased the production of inflammatory mediators in brain cortex of LPS-treated mice. Further study disclosed that GP IX inhibited nuclear translocation of nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) and reduced its transcriptional activity. Meanwhile, GP IX significantly attenuated the phosphorylation of NFκB, inhibitor of kappa B (IκB), Akt, and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) under inflammatory conditions both in vitro and in vivo. These findings indicated that GP IX might suppress reactive astrogliosis by suppressing Akt/p38 MAPK/NFκB signaling pathways. And GP IX might be a promising drug candidate or prodrug for the therapy of neuroinflammatory disorders characterized with reactive astrogliosis.
NFκB; astrocyte; gypenoside IX; inflammatory mediator; neuroinflammation
Gypenoside IX Suppresses p38 MAPK/Akt/NFκB Signaling Pathway Activation and Inflammatory Responses in Astrocytes Stimulated by Proinflammatory Mediators.
Wang X1, Yang L1, Yang L1, Xing F1, Yang H1, Qin L1, Lan Y1, Wu H1, Zhang B1, Shi H1, Lu C1, Huang F2, Wu X3, Wang Z1.
Three new dammarane-type triterpene ginsenosides, together with six known ginsenosides, were isolated from the leaves of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. The new saponins were named as ginsenoside Rh₁₁, ginsenoside Rh₁₂, and ginsenoside Rh₁₃. Their structures were elucidated as (20S)-3β,6α,12β,20-tetrahydroxydammara-25-ene-24-one 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), (20S)-3β,12β,20,24,25-pentahydroxydammarane 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), and (20S,23E)-3β,12β,20,25-tetrahydroxydammara-23-ene 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3) on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR experiments and mass spectra. The known ginsenosides were identified as ginsenoside M(?cd), ginsenoside Rg?, ginsenoside Rb₃, gypenoside XVII, gypenoside IX, and 20-(E)-ginsenoside F₄.
Three new dammarane-type triterpene saponins from the leaves of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.
Liu GY1, Li XW, Wang NB, Zhou HY, Wei W, Gui MY, Yang B, Jin YR.
Endotoxin (ET) was found to have wide bioactivities and ET antagonists have become the pop research topic in life science. The chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were the substance basis of its pharmacology. This review demonstrated the study state of about 18 chemical components from TCM, eg, organic acids of Radix Isatidis, anisodamine, matrine, tetramethypyrazine, colchicine, and glycine, etc, which showed anti-endotoxin effects through different routes. But now the most of them were limited to the laboratory. In the future, the trends of development should not only enlarge the range of research, but also strengthen the clinical study.
Current studies on anti-endotoxic chemical components of traditional Chinese medicine in China.
Liu YH1, Liu YF, Guo XX.
Gynostemma Extract is a natural product.