Deep Brown powder
fruits of Vitis vinifera L.
986.4±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:4852-22-6) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
The protein precipitation (PP) of bovine serum albumin (BSA), lysozyme (LYS), and alfalfa leaf protein (ALF) by four procyanidin-rich condensed tannin (CT) samples in both 2-[N-morpholino]ethanesulfonic acid (MES) and a modified Goering-Van Soest (GVS) buffer is described. Purified CT samples examined included Vitis vinifera seed (mean degree of polymerization [mDP] 4.1, 16.5% galloylated), Tilia sp. flowers (B-type linkages, mDP 5.9), Vaccinium macrocarpon berries (mDP 8.7, 31.7% A-type linkages). and Trifolium pratense flowers (B-type linkages, mDP 12.3) and were characterized by 2D NMR (>90% purity). In general, CTs precipitated ALF > LYS ≥ BSA. PP in GVS buffer was 1 to 2.25 times greater than that in MES buffer (25 °C). The GVS buffer system better reflects the results/conclusions from the literature on the impacts mDP, galloylation, and A-type linkages have on PP. Determinations of PP using the MES buffer at 37 °C indicated that some of these differences may be attributed to the temperature at which GVS buffer determinations are conducted. In vitro PP studies using the GVS buffer may offer better guidance when selecting CT-containing forages and amendments for ruminant feeding studies
2-[N-morpholino]ethanesulfonic acid; Goering-Van Soest buffer; condensed tannins; proanthocyanidins; protein precipitation
Comparison of Protein Precipitation Ability of Structurally Diverse Procyanidin-Rich Condensed Tannins in Two Buffer Systems.
Zeller WE1, Reinhardt LA1, Robe JT1, Sullivan ML1, Panke-Buisse K1.
2020 Feb 19
Cisplatin is a widely used anti-cancer drug. However, cisplatin is limited in clinical treatment because of its severe nephrotoxicity. This study reported whether O-GSP can antagonize the cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in HEK293 cells through inducing HO-1 protein expression. We previously demonstrated O-GSP can increase the survival rate of HEK293 and have protective effect on HEK293 cells. Herein, We found that O-GSP can antagonize cisplatin nephrotoxicity through regulating the expression of HO-1. O-GSP promotes the translocation of Nrf2 in the nucleus, and activates the ERKN JNK pathway and p38 MAPK pathway. Interestingly, p38 MAPK plays a major role in HO-1 expression induced by O-GSP. And O-GSP can modulate the decrease of Nrf2 and HO-1 expression induced by cisplatin, and improve the cisplatin-induced activity and apoptosis rate of cells by stimulating the expression of HO-1. However, the protective effects of O-GSP are inhibited by ZnPP IX. Collectively, the results indicated that O-GSP induced the expression of HO-1 through p38MAPK and Nrf2 pathway in HEK293 cells.
Cisplatin; HO-1; Nephrotoxicity; Nrf2; Oligomeric grape seed procyanidins
Grape Seed Procyanidins Attenuates Cisplatin-induced Human Embryonic Renal Cell Cytotoxicity by Modulating Heme Oxygenase-1 in Vitro.
Han H1,2, Wang H1,2, Du Y1,2, Gao L3,4.
The potential for apple peels to mitigate the deleterious effects of a high-fat diet in mice was investigated here. Mice were fed a high-fat diet supplemented with apple powders from three apple varieties or a commercial apple polyphenol. Polyphenols were characterized using colorimetric assays and high-performance liquid chromatography. Mice were tested for standard metabolic parameters. There was a dose response to dietary apple peels, with the higher intake leading to reduced weight gain and adipose tissue mass relative to the lower intake, but none of the treatments were statistically different from the control. The gene expression of liver enzyme stearoyl-CoA desaturase (Scd-1) was correlated with adipose weight, and liver enzyme cytochrome P51 (Cyp51) was downregulated by the apple diets. The feces from a subset of mice were analyzed for polyphenols and for bacteria taxa by next-generation sequencing. The results revealed that the makeup of the fecal microbiota was related to the metabolism of dietary polyphenols.
HPLC; adipogenic diet; adipose tissue; dietary polyphenols; fecal polyphenols; fiber; lipoproteins; liver enzymes; microbiota
Levels of Fecal Procyanidins and Changes in Microbiota and Metabolism in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet Supplemented with Apple Peel.
Elkahoui S1,2, Levin CE3, Bartley GE3, Yokoyama W3, Friedman M3.
2019 Sep 18