Tormentic acid glucosyl/Rosamutin/ursolazuroside 1
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A specific and reliable LC-MS/MS method for the determination of rosamultin in rat plasma was validated. Plasma samples were prepared with protein precipitation method, and chromatographic separation was performed on a Thermo C18 analytical column (4.6 mm × 50 mm, 3.0 μm). The mass spectrometry (MS) analysis was conducted in positive SRM mode for the transitions of m/z 673.2 → 511.1 for rosamultin and m/z 601.1 → 330.9 for IS. The method validation was conducted over the calibration range of 1.0-500 ng/mL with the precision ≤11.03% and accuracy within ±14.64%. The assay was applied to the pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of rosamultin at a dose of 20 mg/kg in rats.
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Determination of rosamultin in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
Liu Q1, Wang Y2.
Rosamultin is one of the main active compounds isolated from Potentilla anserina L., which belongs to a triterpene compound. Few studies have examined the effect of rosamultin on oxidative stress and its molecular mechanism. The aim of this present study was to elucidate the protective effect of rosamultin on H2O2-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and its mechanism. The results showed that the pretreatment of rosamultin not only increased cell viability but also reduced the release of LDH and CK. Rosamultin inhibited a H2O2-induced decrease in SOD, CAT, and GSH-Px activities and an increase in MDA content. Meanwhile, ROS level, intracellular (Ca2+) fluorescence intensity, and apoptosis rate in the rosamultin pretreated group were markedly decreased compared with the model group. Rosamultin pretreatment significantly reversed the morphological changes and attenuated H2O2-induced apoptosis. Western blot analysis showed that rosamultin enhanced the expression of Bcl-2 and pCryAB and downregulated the expression of Bax, Cyt-c, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 expression. Additionally, rosamultin might activate PI3K/Akt signal pathways and CryAB relative factors. Therefore, we suggest that rosamultin could have the potential for treating H2O2-induced oxidative stress injury through its antioxidant and antiapoptosis effect.
Protective Effect of Rosamultin against H2O2-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in H9c2 Cardiomyocytes.
Zhang L#1, Liu Y#1, Li JY1, Li LZ1,2, Zhang YL2, Gong HY1, Cui Y1.
2018 Jul 16
The effects of a methanol extract of Rosa rugosa root and its triterpenoid glycoside, rosamultin, on hepatic lipid peroxidation and drug-metabolizing enzymes were investigated in rats treated with bromobenzene. The methanol extract of R. rugosa root reduced the activities of aminopyrine N-demethylase and aniline hydroxylase, which had been increased by bromobenzene, but rosamultin did not affect the activities of the two enzymes. Both the methanol extract and rosamultin restored the activity of epoxide hydrolase, which had also been decreased by bromobenzene. Hepatic glutathione concentrations were lowered and hepatic lipid peroxides were increased in rats intoxicated with bromobenzene. The hepatic lipid peroxidation induced by bromobenzene was prevented with the methanol extract and rosamultin. However, the decrease in glutathione was not altered by the methanol extract of R. rugosa. These results suggest that the extract of R. rugosa and its compound, rosamultin, may protect against bromobenzene-induced hepatotoxicity through, at least in part, enhanced activity of epoxide hydrolase. Antioxidant properties may contribute to the protection of R. rugosa against bromobenzene-induced hepatotoxicity.
Anti-hepatotoxic effects of Rosa rugosa root and its compound, rosamultin, in rats intoxicated with bromobenzene.
Cheol Park J1, Chul Kim S, Moon Hur J, Choi SH, Yeon Lee K, Won Choi J.