Sibiricaxanthone B/D-Glucitol, 1,5-anhydro-2-O-[(2S,3R,4R)-tetrahydro-3,4-dihydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furanyl]-1-C-(1,3,7-trihydroxy-9-oxo-9H-xanthen-2-yl)-, (1S)-/(1S)-1,5-Anhydro-2-O-[(2S,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydroxy-4-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2-furanyl]-1-(1,3,7-trihydroxy-9-oxo-9H-xanthen-2-yl)-D-glucitol
964.4±65.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:241125-81-5) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Serological surveillance has been used in the United Kingdom to inform vaccine policy for several infections, including those with group C meningococci. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines, containing capsular groups A, W135, and Y in addition to C, are now available, but their use in the United Kingdom is restricted to at-risk groups and travelers to areas of endemicity. The aim of this study was to establish a baseline for natural immunity for groups W135 and Y. Serum samples collected in 2009 from individuals of all ages were obtained from the Health Protection Agency Seroepidemiology Unit, which collects residual sera from participating laboratories across the country. Serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) activity against two reference strains, representing groups Y (strain M03 241125) and W135 (strain M01 240070), was determined with 1,191 sera using a standardized complement-mediated SBA assay, with complement derived from baby rabbits (rSBA). The age-specific geometric mean titers (GMTs) and percentages of individuals with rSBA titers of ≥8 were calculated, together with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Overall, 18.4% and 19.6% had rSBA titers of ≥8 for groups W135 and Y, respectively. Antibody prevalence varied by age. In general, rSBA titers were low for younger children, with serum samples from 7% and 13% of children under 5 years achieving titers of ≥8 against groups W135 and Y, respectively. GMTs peaked for 20- to 24-year-olds for group W135 (GMT, 7.1; 95% CI, 4.7, 10.9) and for 30- to 44-year-olds for group Y (GMT, 8.6; 95% CI, 5.9, 12.7). Unlike seroprevalence against group B meningococci, there was not an obvious peak in SBA titers in samples from teenagers. Natural immunity against group W135 and Y meningococci in England appears to be low.
Seroprevalence of Serum Bactericidal Antibodies against Group W135 and Y Meningococci in England in 2009
Caroline L. Trotter,corresponding authora Helen Findlow,b and Ray Borrowb,c
Refined radio-isotopic dating techniques have been applied to Orgnac 3, a Late Acheulean and Early Middle Palaeolithic site in France. Evidence of Levallois core technology appeared in level 4b in the middle of the sequence, became predominant in the upper horizons, and was best represented in uppermost level 1, making the site one of the oldest examples of Levallois technology. In our dating study, fourteen speleothem samples from levels 7, 6 and 5b, were U/Th-dated. Four pure calcite samples from the speleothem PL1 (levels 5b, 6) yield ages between 265 ± 4 (PL1-3) and 312 ± 15 (PL1-6) thousand years ago (ka). Three samples from the top of a second stalagmite, PL2, yield dates ranging from 288 ± 10 ka (PL2-1) to 298 ± 17 ka (PL2-3). Three samples from the base of PL2 (level 7) yield much younger U/Th dates between 267 and 283 ka. These dates show that the speleothems PL1 and PL2 are contemporaneous and formed during marine isotope stage (MIS) 9 and MIS 8. Volcanic minerals in level 2, the upper sequence, were dated by the 40Ar/39Ar method, giving a weighted mean of 302.9 ± 2.5 ka (2σ) and an inverse isochron age of 302.9 ± 5.9 ka (2σ). Both 40Ar/39Ar dating of volcanic sanidines and U/Th dating of relatively pure and dense cave calcites are known to be well established. The first parallel application of the two geochronometers to Orgnac 3 yields generally consistent results, which point to the reliability of the two methods. The difference between their age results is discussed.
Application of U/Th and 40Ar/39Ar Dating to Orgnac 3, a Late Acheulean and Early Middle Palaeolithic Site in Ardeche, France
Veronique Michel, 1 , 2 , * Guanjun Shen, 3 Chuan-Chou Shen, 4 Chung-Che Wu, 4 Chrystele Verati, 2 Sylvain Gallet, 2 Marie-Helene Moncel, 5 Jean Combier, 6 Samir Khatib, 7 and Michel Manetti 8
2013 Dec 5
Saudi Arabian children respond poorly to 2 doses of meningococcal quadrivalent polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) when given before 2 years of age. This study examined whether such children were able to respond to 1 dose of quadrivalent meningococcal diphtheria toxoid conjugate vaccine (MCV4) when they were older. Saudi Arabian children 5 to 8 years of age who had previously been vaccinated with 2 doses of MPSV4 when they were under 2 years of age (termed the prior-MPSV4 group) were enrolled in a controlled, open-label, multicenter study. In the prior-MPSV4 group, children (n = 153) received 1 dose of MCV4, as did a group of age-matched meningococcal vaccine-naïve children (n = 85). Blood samples collected prevaccination and 28 days postvaccination were measured for serogroup-specific serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) levels in the presence of baby rabbit complement (rSBA) and for IgG antibody levels. Vaccine tolerability and safety were also evaluated. For all of the measured serogroups (A, C, Y, and W-135), the meningococcal vaccine-naïve participants achieved higher postvaccination rSBA geometric mean titers (GMTs) than did those in the prior-MPSV4 group. This was statistically significant for serogroup C (512 versus 167). Percentages of participants with postvaccination titers of ≥8 and with ≥4-fold increases in prevaccination to postvaccination titers appeared to be quite similar in the 2 groups. No worrisome safety signals were detected. MCV4 induced robust immune responses and was well tolerated in Saudi Arabian children who previously received 2 doses of MPSV4 as well as in those who were previously meningococcal vaccine naïve.
Safety and Immunogenicity of a Meningococcal Quadrivalent Conjugate Vaccine in Five- to Eight-Year-Old Saudi Arabian Children Previously Vaccinated with Two Doses of a Meningococcal Quadrivalent Polysaccharide Vaccine
Mohamed Khalil,a Yagob Al-Mazrou,a Helen Findlow,corresponding authorb Helen Chadha,b Valerie Bosch Castells,c David R. Johnson,d and Ray Borrowb,e