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Songoramine

$1,344

Brand : BIOFRON
Catalogue Number : BN-B1551
Specification : 98%(HPLC)
CAS number : 23179-78-4
Formula : C22H29NO3
Molecular Weight : 355.5
PUBCHEM ID : 14526618
Volume : 5mg

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Catalogue Number

BN-B1551

Analysis Method

Specification

98%(HPLC)

Storage

2-8°C

Molecular Weight

355.5

Appearance

Botanical Source

Structure Type

Category

SMILES

CCN1C2C3CC4C2(C5CCC4(C1O5)C)C6C37CC(C(=C)C7O)C(=O)C6

Synonyms

(1R,2R,4S,5R,8S,10S,12S,14R,17R,19R)-11-Ethyl-19-hydroxy-5-methyl-18-methylene-9-oxa-11-azaheptacyclo[15.2.1.0.0.0.0.0]icosan-16-one

IUPAC Name

11-ethyl-19-hydroxy-5-methyl-18-methylidene-9-oxa-11-azaheptacyclo[15.2.1.01,14.02,12.04,13.05,10.08,13]icosan-16-one

Density

1.3±0.1 g/cm3

Solubility

Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.

Flash Point

264.2±30.1 °C

Boiling Point

513.3±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg

Melting Point

211-212℃

InChl

InChl Key

YSSPOBAEOOLGAT-UHFFFAOYSA-N

WGK Germany

RID/ADR

HS Code Reference

Personal Projective Equipment

Correct Usage

For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.

Meta Tag

provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:23179-78-4) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate

No Technical Documents Available For This Product.

PMID

29914403

Abstract

Background
Antenatal care (ANC) is one of the components of care to be provided to pregnant women. In Ethiopia, characterizing the spatial distribution of antenatal care utilization is essential to prioritize risk areas where ANC is needed and facilitate interventions. Therefore, this spatial analysis was performed to assess the spatial distribution of ANC utilization between 2000 and 2011 and to identify factors associated with ANC utilization in Ethiopia.

Methods
A total of 23,179 women who had a live birth in the five years preceding the surveys were included in the study. The spatial data were created in ArcGIS10.1 for each study clusters. The Bernoulli model was used by applying Kulldorff methods using the SaTScan™ software to analyze the purely spatial clusters of ANC utilization. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors affecting ANC utilization.

Results
ANC utilization had spatial variations across the country. Spatial scan statistics identified 49 high performing clusters (LLR = 111.92, P < 0.001) in 2000, 51 (LLR = 114.49, P < 0.001) in 2005 and, 86 (LLR = 121.53, P < 0.001) in 2011. ANC utilization was higher among mothers; with richest wealth quintiles, lowest number of birth order, who are living in urban areas, younger and educated. Conclusion These results provide further insight into differences in ANC utilization in the country and highlight high and modest performing clusters. This could enable efficient and timely spatial targeting to improve ANC service up take in Ethiopia.

KEYWORDS

Antenatal care utilization, Spatial distribution, Ethiopia

Title

Spatial distribution of antenatal care utilization and associated factors in Ethiopia: evidence from Ethiopian demographic health surveys

Author

Abraham Yeneneh,1 Kassahun Alemu,2 Abel Fekadu Dadi,corresponding author2 and Atinkut Alamirrew1

Publish date

2018

PMID

28507919

Abstract

Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) hepatotropism is associated with intra-peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) infection that causes post-treatment relapse in RNA seronegative patients. Our understanding of the association of non-viremic hepatic fibrosis with positive anti-HCV IgG antibodies and active hepatocellular damage might be increased by PBMCs screening for intracellular infection. Thus, the goals of this study included evaluation of PBMCs PCR for diagnosing HCV infection, addressing PBMCs plus serum real-time (SRT) PCR benefits over SRT-PCR alone, studying intra-PBMCs distribution of RNA sense and antisense strands, and identifying treatment feasibility in solitary intracellular infection.

Methods: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, SRT-PCR and PBMCs PCR were used to evaluate HCV infection in 401 subjects. The patients were classified into groups of negative controls (n = 30), positive controls (n = 63), non-viremia post-treatment (experienced; n = 166) and naïve (n = 49) cases, and non-viremia positive PBMCs PCR naïve (n = 35) and experienced (n = 58) patients.

Results: The diagnosis of true positive and negative by PBMCs PCR and SRT-PCR had 100% and 96.7% compatibility respectively. PBMCs PCR detected intracellular HCV infection in 49 out of 215 non-viremia patients; among them, naïve cirrhotics had significantly higher number of intracellular infection than the naïve non-cirrhotic (p < 0.001) and experienced patients (p < 0.0001). Antisense and sense strands were respectively recognized in naïve and experienced cases (p = 0.01218). Intracellular HCV strands were detected in 18.02% of experienced patients. Recognition of intracellular RNA strands showed significant decline in experienced compared to naïve patients (p < 0.05). Conclusion: PBMCs PCR is a valid diagnostic test that can diagnose intracellular HCV when SRT-PCR is negative. Antisense and sense strands are respectively recognized more often in naïve and experienced patients. The expected overall relapsing rate in our cohort was 18.02%. Intra-PBMC infections are associated with liver cirrhosis in naïve non-viremia patients. Eradication of intracellular strands is recommended to avoid RNA seroconversion. Ethical approval certificate: Registration number 10231.

KEYWORDS

HCV, PBMCs, RNA, Strands

Title

Hepatitis C Virus RNA Strands Detection in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Legitimizes Virus Eradication in Negative Serum PCR Naïve and Post-treatment Patients

Author

Mohamed Darwish Ahmed Abd Alla*,1 and Mostafa Kamel El Awady2

Publish date

2017 Mar 28

PMID

21803901

Abstract

Among various lactic acid bacterial strains tested, cocoa-specific strains of Lactobacillus fermentum were best adapted to the cocoa pulp ecosystem. They fermented glucose to lactic acid and acetic acid, reduced fructose to mannitol, and converted citric acid into lactic acid and 2,3-butanediol.

Title

Interesting Starter Culture Strains for Controlled Cocoa Bean Fermentation Revealed by Simulated Cocoa Pulp Fermentations of Cocoa-Specific Lactic Acid Bacteria

Author

Timothy Lefeber, Maarten Janssens, Frederic Moens, William Gobert, Luc De Vuyst

Publish date

2011 Sep;