soya bean saponin, Medicago, Astragalus, Trifolium spp. and Streptomyces sp.
Soluble in Chloroform,Dichloromethane,Ethyl Acetate,DMSO,Acetone,etc.
555.5±50.0 °C at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:595-15-3) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of human malignancies of the urological system. Soyasapogenol B (Soy B), an ingredient of soybean, has been found to exert anti-proliferative activities in vitro in human breast cancer cells. Our current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Soy B against ccRCC. The effect of Soy B on cell viability was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The effect of Soy B on cell proliferation was determined by colony formation assay. Apoptotic percentage was determined by flow cytometry following annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) double staining. JC-1 staining was performed to examine the change in mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blotting was used to determine the level of relevant proteins. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) was then performed to identify the potential targets of Soy B. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to determine the mRNA level of sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1). The SphK1 expression in ccRCC tissue from patients was examined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. To validate the role of SphK1 involved in the pro-apoptotic activities of Soy B, overexpressed SphK1 vectors and shRNA targeting of SphK1 were utilized to transfected ccRCC cells. Moreover, a ccRCC xenograft murine model was used to analyze the therapeutic efficacy of Soy B in vivo. Soy B incubation led to a decrease in the number of viable cells in ccRCC cell lines and primary ccRCC cells. Soy B also suppressed the proliferation of two model ccRCC cell lines. Soy B promoted apoptotic cell death in a caspase-dependent manner. Moreover, our results showed that both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways were involved in Soy B-induced apoptosis. ITRAQ analysis identified SphK1 as most profoundly altered after the treatment of Soy B in ACHN cells. The mediatory role of SphK1 was validated when the pro-apoptotic activity of Soy B was significantly blocked by SphK1 overexpression, while SphK1 knockdown sensitized the ccRCC cells to Soy B. Moreover, in vivo studies also showed that Soy B could exhibit anti-cancer activities against ccRCC. Soy B triggers apoptotic cell death in vitro and in vivo in ccRCC by down-regulating SphK1. Our results highlight the possibility of using Soy B as a chemotherapeutic agent in the prevention and treatment of ccRCC.
Anti-cancer; Soy B; SphK1; ccRCC.
Soyasapogenol B exhibits anti-growth and anti-metastatic activities in clear cell renal cell carcinoma
Luping Wang 1, Junyu Wang 2, Hong Zhao 2, Guoping Jiang 1, Xiaojie Feng 1, Wenxia Sui 1, Hongling Liu 3
Aim: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common human malignancy which accounts for 600,000 deaths annually at the global level. Soyasapogenol B (Soy B), an ingredient of soybean, has been found to exert anti-proliferative activities in vitro in human breast cancer cells. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Soy B in suppressing CRC.
Methods and materials: The effect of Soy B on cell viability was assessed using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. The effect of Soy B on cell proliferation was determined using colony formation assay. The percentage of apoptotic cells was determined by the TUNEL assay and flow cytometry following Annexin V-FITC/Propidium Iodide (PI) double staining. JC-1 staining was performed to examine the change in mitochondrial membrane potential. Autophagy was examined by acridine orange staining and mRFP-GFP-LC3 adenovirus transfection. Caspase-12 activities were determined by ELISA kit. Western blotting was used to determine the expression of relevant proteins. To investigate the role of autophagy in the pro-death and pro-apoptotic activities of Soy B, autophagy inhibitors Bafilomycin A1 (Baf-A1) and Atg5 siRNA were utilized. TUDCA and CHOP shRNA were utilized to block ER stress. Moreover, a CRC xenograft murine model was used to analyze the therapeutic efficacy of Soy B in vivo.
Key findings: Soy B treatment decreased the number of viable cells and colonies formed in CRC cell lines. Moreover, Soy B treatment promoted the apoptotic cell death via the intrinsic pathway and autophagy which positively contributed to cell death and apoptosis. In addition, our results showed that ER stress, triggered by Soy B, mediated apoptosis and autophagy. In vivo results revealed that Soy B could suppress tumor growth, which was associated with increased ER stress, accompanied with apoptosis and autophagy induction.
Significance: Soy B was able to promote cell death in vitro and in vivo. Our findings highlight the possibility of utilizing Soy B as a chemotherapeutic agent to prevent and treat CRC.
Apoptosis; Autophagy; Colorectal cancer; Endoplasmic reticulum stress; Soy B.
Endoplasmic reticulum stress triggered by Soyasapogenol B promotes apoptosis and autophagy in colorectal cancer
Luping Wang 1, Lu Yun 2, Xiaojun Wang 1, Liying Sha 1, Luning Wang 1, Yingying Sui 1, Hui Zhang 3
2019 Feb 1;
Lactobacillus plantarum C29-fermented defatted soybean (FDS), which contains soyasaponins such as soyasaponin I (SI) and soyasapogenol B (SB) and isoflavones such as genistin (GE) and genistein (GT), attenuated memory impairment in mice. Moreover, in the preliminary study, FDS and its soyasaponins and isoflavones significantly inhibited NF-κB activation in LPS-stimulated microglial BV2 cells. Therefore, we examined the effects of FDS and its constituents SI, SB, GT, and GE on LPS-induced memory impairment in mice. Oral administration of FDS (80 mg/kg), which has higher concentrations of SB and GE than DS, recovered LPS-impaired cognitive function in Y-maze (55.1 ± 3.5%) and passive avoidance tasks (50.9 ± 19.2 s) to 129.2% (74.1 ± 3.5%) and 114.2% (290.0 ± 22.4 s) of normal mice, respectively (P < 0.05). SB and GE (10 μM) also more potently attenuated LPS-impaired cognitive behavior than SI and GT, respectively. SB (10 mg/kg) was the most effective: treatment recovered LPS-impaired spontaneous alternation and latency time to 105.7% and 126.8% of normal control mice, respectively (P < 0.05). SB and GE significantly increased BDNF expression and CREB phosphorylation in LPS-treated mice and corticosterone-stimulated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, SB and GE (10 μM) also significantly inhibited NF-κB activation in LPS-treated mice. These findings suggested that FDS and its constituent soyasaponins and isoflavones may attenuate memory impairment by the regulation of NF-κB-mediated BDNF expression.
Lactobacillus plantarum; genstein; memory impairment; soyasapogenol B; soybean.
Soyasapogenol B and Genistein Attenuate Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Memory Impairment in Mice by the Modulation of NF-κB-Mediated BDNF Expression
Hae-Ji Lee 1, Su-Min Lim 1, Da-Bin Ko 1, Jin-Ju Jeong 1, Yun-Ha Hwang 2, Dong-Hyun Kim 1
2017 Aug 16