White crystalline powder
Toosendanin/(1S,2R,4R,5R,6S,8R,10S,11S,12R,14R,15R,16R,19S,21R)-6-(3-Furyl)-12,16,19-trihydroxy-5,11,15-trimethyl-3-oxo-9,17-dioxahexacyclo[220.127.116.11.0.0.0]henicosane-4,21-diyl diacetate/3H-4,11b-propano-1H-oxireno[1',5']cyclopenta[1',2':5,6]naphtho[1,2-c]pyran-11(9H)-one, 10,14-bis(acetyloxy)-9-(3-furanyl)decahydro-3,6,12-trihydroxy-4,6a,9a-trimethyl-, (3R,4R,4aR,6R,6aS,6bS,7aR,9R,9aR,10R,11aR,11bS,12S,14R)-/3H-4,11b-Propano-1H-oxireno[1',5']cyclopenta[1',2':5,6]naphtho[1,2-c]pyran-11(9H)-one, 10,14-bis(acetyloxy)-9-(3-furanyl)decahydro-3,6,12-trihydroxy-4,6a,9a-trimethyl-, (3R,4aR,6R,6aS,6bS,7aR,9S,9aR,10R,11aR,11bS,12S,14R)-/(1S,2R,4R,5R,6S,8R,10S,11S,12R,14R,16R,19S,21R)-6-(3-Furyl)-12,16,19-trihydroxy-5,11,15-trimethyl-3-oxo-9,17-dioxahexacyclo[18.104.22.168.0.0.0]henicosane-4,21-diyl diacetate/3H-4,11b-Propano-1H-oxireno[1',5']cyclopenta[1',2':5,6]naphtho[1,2-c]pyran-11(9H)-one, 10,14-bis(acetyloxy)-9-(3-furanyl)decahydro-3,6,12-trihydroxy-4,6a,9a-trimethyl-, (3R,4R,4aR,6R,6aS,6bS,7aR,9S,9aR,10R,11aR,11bS,12S,14R)-
Toosendanin, a triterpenoid extracted from the bark of fruit of Melia toosendan Sieb et Zucc, possesses analgesic, insecticidal and anti-inflammatory activities.
Methanol; Ethyl Acetate
714.0±60.0 °C at 760 mmHg
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Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
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Essential processes for living cells such as transcription and replication depend on the formation of specific protein-DNA recognition complexes. Proper formation of such complexes requires suitable fitting between the protein surface and the DNA surface. By adopting doxorubicin (DOX) as a model probe, we report here that Ag3 atomic quantum clusters (Ag-AQCs) inhibit the intercalation of DOX into DNA and have considerable influence on the interaction of DNA-binding proteins such as topoisomerase IV, Escherichia coli DNA gyrase and the restriction enzyme HindIII. Ag-AQCs at nanomolar concentrations inhibit enzyme activity. The inhibitory effect of Ag-AQCs is dose-dependent and occurs by intercalation into DNA. All these effects, not observed in the presence of Ag+ ions, can explain the powerful bactericidal activity of Ag-AQCs, extending the knowledge of silver bactericidal properties. Lastly, we highlight the interest of the interaction of Ag clusters with living organisms, an area that should be further explored due to the potential consequences that it might have, both beneficial and harmful.
Interaction of silver atomic quantum clusters with living organisms: bactericidal effect of Ag3 clusters mediated by disruption of topoisomerase-DNA complexes†
J. Neissa,a,‡ C. Perez-Arnaiz,b,‡ V. Porto,a N. Busto,b E. Borrajo,a J. M. Leal,b M. A. Lopez-Quintela,c B. Garcia,corresponding authorb and F. Dominguezcorresponding authora
2015 Dec 1;
Selected new fluorogenic probes that interact in different ways with Hg2+ and MeHg+ have been prepared and used for the chemical speciation of both cations in aqueous solution as well as in HEK293 cells. The best selective speciation of Hg2+ and MeHg+ has been achieved by in vitro approaches based on fluorogenic probes supported in cultured cells, due to the particular sensitivity of the HEK293 cells to permeation by Hg2+, MeHg+ and the fluorogenic probes. In particular, MeHg+ was selectively detected in cell nuclei by probe JG45.
Chemical speciation of MeHg+ and Hg2+ in aqueous solution and HEK cells nuclei by means of DNA interacting fluorogenic probes†
Borja Diaz de GreNu,a Jose Garcia-Calvo,a Jose Cuevas,a Gabriel Garcia-Herbosa,a BegoNa Garcia,a Natalia Busto,a Saturnino Ibeas,a Tomas Torroba,corresponding authora Blanca Torroba,b Antonio Herrera,b and Sebastian Ponscorresponding authorb
2015 Jul 17.
This study sought to evaluate associations between sleep time and bicycle accidents, falls under various circumstances, and dental injuries in adolescents.
A total of 61,696 participants ranging from 12 to 18 years of age who completed the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) in 2013 were enrolled in this study. Bicycle riding accidents were analyzed for 17,232 bicycle-riding participants. Data were collected regarding the weekday sleep duration for the most recent 7 days, which was categorized as < 5.5 h, 5.5-6.5 h, 6.5-7.5 h, or ≥ 7.5 h per day, and the incidence of bicycle accidents, slips and falls under various circumstances, and dental injuries in the most recent 12 months. Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were calculated among sleep groups for bicycle accidents, slips and falls, and dental injuries using simple and multiple logistic regression analyses with complex sampling.
Bicycle riding accidents and slips and falls in classrooms, corridors, the ground, toilets, stairs, and other unspecified situations showed positive correlations with sleep deprivation. Comparisons of groups with ≥ 7.5 h sleep, the 5.5-6.5 h group > the 6.5-7.5 h group). There was no significant relationship between sleep deprivation and dental injury.
This study demonstrated that sleep deprivation among Korean adolescents was associated with bicycle accidents and falls at home and school. Thus, adequate sleep may be needed to prevent accidents and falls.
Sleep Deprivation Is Associated with Bicycle Accidents and Slip and Fall Injuries in Korean Adolescents
So Young Kim, 1 Songyong Sim, 2 Sung-Gyun Kim, 3 and Hyo Geun Choi 4 ,*