6,7-dimethyl-9-D-ribitylisoalloxazine/riboflavine/D-Ribitol, 1-deoxy-1-(3,4-dihydro-7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-/Flavin BB/Hibo/1-Deoxy-1-(4-hydroxy-7,8-dimethyl-2-oxobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol/D-Ribitol, 1-deoxy-1-(4-hydroxy-7,8-dimethyl-2-oxobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-/Russupteridine Yellow III/VITAMIN B2/(-)-Riboflavin/Lactoflavin/Riboflavin (B2)/Beflavin/BEFLAVINE/1-Deoxy-1-(3,4-dihydro-7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol/1-Deoxy-1-(7,8-dimethyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[g]pteridin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol/riboflavin
Riboflavin is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in humans and other animals.Target: OthersRiboflavin (vitamin B2) is the direct precursor of redox enzyme cofactors flavin mononucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which are essential for multiple cell physiology . Urinary excretion of riboflavin contributes to one-half of the overall removal of riboflavin from plasma. No sex differences were observed for any of the pharmacokinetic variables (P > 0.05) . Riboflavin, similar to other vitamins of the B complex, presents anti-inflammatory activity but its full characterization has not yet been carried out. Riboflavin (25, 50 or 100 mg/kg, i.p.), administered immediately and 2 h after the injection of carrageenan, induced antiedema and antinociceptive effects. The antinociceptive effect was not inhibited by the pretreatment with cadmium sulfate (1 mg/kg), an inhibitor of flavokinase. Riboflavin (50 or 100 mg/kg, i.p., 0 and 2 h) also inhibited the fever induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. Riboflavin is a safe drug, is approved for clinical use and exacerbates the antinociceptive effect of morphine, may warrant clinical trials to assess its potential in the treatment of different painful or inflammatory conditions .
Aqueous base; DMSO
715.6±70.0 °C at 760 mmHg
290 °C (dec.)(lit.)
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
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We compared the clinical outcomes of accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) and 5% NaCl hypertonic saline (HS) for the treatment of symptomatic bullous keratopathy (BK).
A randomized controlled trial was held at Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Dental College Ichikawa General Hospital, Chiba, Japan. Twenty-three eyes of 23 consecutive patients with symptomatic BK were enrolled. The etiology of BK included pseudophakic BK, previous keratoplasty, previous endotheliitis, previous glaucoma surgery, trauma, herpes infection, as well as unknown causes. Eleven eyes received epi-off accelerated CXL (with epithelial abrasion and 18 mW/cm ultraviolet A irradiation for 5 minutes) and 12 eyes received HS instillation. In addition to the usual ophthalmic examination, the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central corneal thickness (CCT) were determined. The CCT was measured using anterior segment optical coherence tomography before and up to 6 months after treatments. Subjective symptoms of pain, blurred vision, photophobia, and irritation were also recorded.
The follow-up was completed for all patients in the CXL group. However, 6 patients in the HS group requested CXL treatments after 3 months. The BCVA was not significantly changed during the study periods in both groups. The CCT was significantly thinner in the CXL group compared to the HS group at 1 and 6 months (P = .015 and 0.144, respectively). Among the subjective symptoms recorded, irritation was significantly lower in the CXL group at 1 month (P = .013).
Accelerated CXL may produce transient improvement in pain and corneal edema in patients with BK.
A prospective, randomized clinical study comparing accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking with 5% NaCl hypertonic saline for bullous keratopathy in Asian eyes.
Kasai K1,2, Kato N2, Den S1,2, Konomi K2, Shinzawa M2, Shimazaki J2.
To modify a universal dentine adhesive with different concentrations of riboflavin and D-Alpha 1000 Succinate polyethylene (VE-TPGS) as a chemical enhancer and to assess the micro-tensile bond strength (24h/12 months), determine resin penetration, measurement of intermolecular interactions and cytotoxicity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
An experimental adhesive system based on bis-GMA, HEMA and hydrophobic monomer was doped with RF0.125 (RF – Riboflavin) or RF/VE-TPGS (0.25/0.50) and submitted to μTBS evaluation. Resin dentine slabs were prepared and examined using SEM and TEM. Adhesion force was analysed on ends of AFM cantilevers deflection. Quenched peptide assays were performed using fluorescence scanner and wavelengths set to 320nm and 405nm. Cytotoxicity was assessed using human peripheral blood mononuclear cell line. Molecular docking studies were carried out using Schrodinger small-molecule drug discovery suite 2018-2. Data from viable cell results was analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Bond strength values were analysed by two-way ANOVA. Nonparametric results were analyzed using a Kruskal-Wallis test at a 0.05 significance level.
RF/VE-TPGS0.25 groups showed highest bond strength results after 24-h storage in artificial saliva (p<0.05). RF/VE-TPGS0.50 groups showed increased bond strength after 12-months of ageing. RF/VE-TPGS modified adhesives showed appreciable presence of a hybrid layer. Packing fraction indicated solid angle profiles describing well sized density and topology relations for the RF/VE-TPGS adhesives, in particular with the RF/VE-TPGS0.50 specimens. Qualitative analysis of the phenotype of macrophages was prominently CD163+ in the RF/VE-TPGS0.50. Both the compounds showed favourable negative binding energies as expressed in terms of ‘XP GScore’.
New formulations based on the incorporation of RF/VE-TPGS in universal adhesives may be of significant potential in facilitating penetration, distribution and uptake of riboflavin within the dentine surface.
Copyright © 2019 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bond strength; Crosslinking; Dentine; Hybrid; Molecular docking; Riboflavin
Novel riboflavin/VE-TPGS modified universal dentine adhesive with superior dentine bond strength and self-crosslinking potential.
Daood U1, Sauro S2, Pichika MR3, Omar H4, Liang Lin S1, Fawzy AS5.
Kluyveromyces marxianus is a thermotolerant yeast with multiple biotechnological potentials for industrial applications, which can metabolize a broad range of carbon sources, including less conventional sugars like lactose, xylose, arabinose and inulin. These phenotypic traits are sustained even up to 45 °C, what makes it a relevant candidate for industrial biotechnology applications, such as ethanol production. It is therefore of much interest to get more insight into the metabolism of this yeast. Recent studies suggested, that thermotolerance is achieved by reducing the number of growth-determining proteins or suppressing oxidative phosphorylation. Here we aimed to find related factors contributing to the thermotolerance of K. marxianus.
Here, we reported the first genome-scale metabolic model of Kluyveromyces marxianus, iSM996, using a publicly available Kluyveromyces lactis model as template. The model was manually curated and refined to include the missing species-specific metabolic capabilities. The iSM996 model includes 1913 reactions, associated with 996 genes and 1531 metabolites. It performed well to predict the carbon source utilization and growth rates under different growth conditions. Moreover, the model was coupled with transcriptomics data and used to perform simulations at various growth temperatures.
K. marxianus iSM996 represents a well-annotated metabolic model of thermotolerant yeast, which provides a new insight into theoretical metabolic profiles at different temperatures of K. marxianus. This could accelerate the integrative analysis of multi-omics data, leading to model-driven strain design and improvement.
Constraint-based flux analysis; Genome-scale metabolic model; Kluyveromyces marxianus; Thermotolerant yeast
Reconstruction and analysis of a Kluyveromyces marxianus genome-scale metabolic model.
Marcišauskas S1, Ji B1, Nielsen J2,3,4.
2019 Nov 6