White crystalline powder
peel of Corynante Yohimbe
DMSO : 6 mg/mL (15.35 mM; Need ultrasonic)
H2O : 5 mg/mL (12.79 mM; Need ultrasonic)
543ºC at 760 mmHg
HS Code Reference
Personal Projective Equipment
For Reference Standard and R&D, Not for Human Use Directly.
provides coniferyl ferulate(CAS#:65-19-0) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Articles of coniferyl ferulate are included as well.>> amp version: coniferyl ferulate
The chromosome of Campylobacter jejuni is circular and approximately 1700 kb in circumference. The size of the genome was determined by field inversion gel electrophoresis of restriction endonuclease fragments using lambda DNA concatamers and yeast chromosomes to calibrate the size of the fragments. In view of the low (32-35%) G + C content of the campylobacter genome, enzymes that recognizes GC-rich sequences were used. Of the enzymes tested BssHII (G/C(G)CGC), NciI (CC/CGCG) and SalI (G/TCGAC) appeared to be usable. Hybridization of labeled fragments with two or more fragments from digests with a different restriction enzyme gave the information to order the fragments on the C jejuni chromosome. The localization on the genome of the flagellin and ribosomal gene clusters was determined.
Size and physical map of the Campylobacter jejuni chromosome.
P J Nuijten, C Bartels, N M Bleumink-Pluym, W Gaastra, and B A van der Zeijst
1990 Nov 11;
The phosphorylation state of the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit has been examined in 32P-labeled sciatic nerves of control and streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats. Intact nerves were challenged with protein kinase (PK) modulators and alpha-subunit 32P labeling was analyzed after immunoprecipitation. In control nerves, the PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) had little effect on alpha-subunit 32P labeling. In contrast, staurosporine, a PKC inhibitor, and extracellular calcium omission decreased it. In Ca(2+)-free conditions, PMA restored the labeling to basal levels. The cAMP-raising agent forskolin reduced the 32P labeling of the alpha subunit. The results suggest that nerve Na,K-ATPase is tonically phosphorylated by PKC in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner and that PKA modulates the phosphorylation process. In nerves of diabetic rats, PMA increased 32P labeling of the alpha subunit. In contrast to staurosporine or extracellular calcium omission, the decreased state of phosphorylation seen with forskolin was no longer significant in diabetic nerves. No change in the level of alpha-subunit isoforms (alpha 1 or alpha 2) was detected by Western blot analysis in such nerves. In conclusion, the altered effect of PK activators on Na,K-ATPase phosphorylation state is consistent with the view that a defect in PKC activation exists in diabetic nerves.
In vivo phosphorylation of the Na,K-ATPase alpha subunit in sciatic nerves of control and diabetic rats: effects of protein kinase modulators.
I Borghini, K Geering, A Gjinovci, C B Wollheim, and W F Pralong
1994 Jun 21
Using a strategy based on reverse transcription and the polymerase chain reaction, we have determined the order of splicing of the four introns of the endogenous adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (aprt) gene in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The method involves a pairwise comparison of molecules that retain one intron and have either retained or spliced another intron(s). A highly preferred order of removal was found: intron 3 > 2 > 4 = 1. This order did not represent a linear progression from one end of the transcript to the other, nor did it correlate with the conformity of the splice site sequences to the consensus sequences or to the calculated energy of duplex formation with U1 small nuclear RNA. By using actinomycin D to inhibit RNA synthesis, the in vivo rate of the first step in splicing was estimated for all four introns; a half-life of 6 min was found for introns 2, 3, and 4. Intron 1 was spliced more slowly, with a 12-min half-life. A substantial amount of RNA that retained intron 1 as the sole intron was exported to the cytoplasm. In the course of these experiments, we also determined that intron 3, but not intron 4, is spliced before 3′-end formation is complete, probably on nascent transcripts. This result is consistent with the idea that polyadenylation is required for splicing of the 3′-most intron. We applied a similar strategy to determine the last intron to be spliced in a very large transcript, that of the endogenous dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) gene in Chinese hamster ovary cells (25 kb). Here again, intron 1 was the last intron to be spliced.
Order of intron removal during splicing of endogenous adenine phosphoribosyltransferase and dihydrofolate reductase pre-mRNA.
O Kessler, Y Jiang, and L A Chasin
Effect of yohimbine hydrochloride on serum prolactin concentration in the rat: possible antagonist for fescue toxicosis. PUMID/DOI：3963600 Am. J.Vet. Res., 1986, 47(4):949-52. Yohimbine Hydrochloride is an indole alkaloid which blocks alpha 2-adrenergic and dopamine receptors and stimulates serotonergic receptors. Yohimbine was selected for testing as a possible antagonist in fescue toxicosis. Reduced body weight gains in cattle with chronic fescue toxicosis may be due to ergot alkaloids produced by fungi which infect the fescue grass. Ergot alkaloids stimulate dopamine receptors, antagonize serotonin, and lower serum prolactin concentrations. It was hypothesized that yohimbine may reverse or counteract the effects of the toxic fescue. Investigation was made of the treatment effects of multiple doses of yohimbine given in rats by intraperitoneal and oral routes. Given intraperitoneally once a day for 8 days, Yohimbine Hydrochloride increased serum prolactin concentrations. When given orally in feed for 7 days, the drug decreased the serum prolactin concentration. The effects of yohimbine on prolactin concentrations were dependent on the dosages and routes of administration. The inability of yohimbine, when given orally, to increase serum prolactin levels decreased its potential usefulness for prolonged treatment of fescue toxicosis.